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Facts at a Glance Facts at a Glance The University of Iowa

Historical Highlights 1931-1950

1931—One of the world's leading organizations in basic and applied fluids research, the Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research, is established.

1932—UI Hospitals organizes the nation's first and only statewide hospital ambulance service for patients unable to pay for their own transportation.

1932—W9XK, the world's first educational television station, airs its premiere telecasts. Sound is transmitted over campus radio station WSUI.

1934—Artist Grant Wood joins the faculty of the Department of Graphic and Plastic Arts, just four years after painting "American Gothic."

1935—A University of Iowa medical laboratory is one of the first in the nation to record human electroencephalography (EEG) activity, led by pioneering investigator Professor Lee E. Travis.

1935—David A. Armbruster, the first Hawkeye swimming coach, originates the butterfly stroke and the flip turn. Eight years earlier, he developed underwater observation windows.

1936—America's first university-sponsored program in creative writing, the Writers' Workshop, is established. It will become preeminent in the United States, with Flannery O'Connor, Gail Godwin and John Irving among its graduates.

1938—Partly through the efforts of Louis C. Zopf, now known as "the father of hospital pharmacy," the College of Pharmacy establishes the nation's first hospital pharmacy graduate program.

1939—Nile C. Kinnick, star member of the legendary Ironmen football squad, receives the Heisman Trophy.

1939—Iowa establishes the first blood bank in the nation to use preservative agents for long-term storage.

1939—Frank Luther Mott receives a Pulitzer Prize in history for his book History of American Magazines. He attended Iowa in 1921 and 1922.

1947—University Hospital School, the first program on a college campus devoted to rehabilitating disabled children and young adults, opens its doors to its first 20 patients.

1948—The School of Journalism awards the first doctoral degrees in the nation in mass communication.

1948—Former UI student Tennessee Williams wins a Pulitzer Prize for his play "A Streetcar Named Desire."