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Facts at a Glance Facts at a Glance The University of Iowa

Historical Highlights: 1971-1990

1971—Muscatine industrialist Roy J. Carver gives $3.5 million to the UI Foundation—the largest recorded gift to American higher education for the year.

Hancher Auditorium
  Hancher Auditorium

1972—Hancher Auditorium, a performing arts center that will gain national stature, opens to acclaim for its exceptional acoustics and for a computerized lighting system that at the time is found in only one other theater, the Royal Shakespeare in Stratford-upon-Avon.

1974—The university's health colleges acquire consolidated, state-of-the-art library facilities with the opening of the $4.2 million Health Sciences Library, funded by federal grants and by $2 million in private gifts to the UI Foundation.

1975—Dentistry Professor George F. Andreasen first uses nitinol wire on orthodontic patients. Known as the "wire with a built-in memory," it reduces the time required for braces.

Old Capitol Museum
  Old Capitol Museum

1976—Old Capitol reopens for public tours following a six-year effort to restore the building to its original appearance as the first permanent seat of Iowa's territorial and state governments.

1978—James A. McPherson receives a Pulitzer Prize for fiction with his book, Elbow Room. MFA, University of Iowa, 1971.

1979—With instruments similar to those he used on Explorer 1 to discover the Van Allen radiation belts, James A. Van Allen discovers Saturn's radiation belts during the Pioneer 11 mission.

1979—Using data gathered by UI plasma wave instruments aboard Voyager 1, physics Professor Donald A. Gurnett establishes the presence of lightning and other radio emissions from Jupiter.

1979—Using a special camera designed and built at the UI and carried aboard the Explorer satellite, physics Professor Louis A. Frank and associates take the first global photographs of the earth's northern lights.

1979, 1980, 1981—Original University Theatres plays by students in the Playwrights Workshop are selected three years in a row for performance at the American College Theatre Festival at Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. Iowa is the only university ever to be present at three consecutive national festivals.

1981—William R. Panje in the Otolaryngology Department invents the neolarynx or "voice button," enabling people to speak after removal of the larynx.

1982—A package of UI instruments carried aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia becomes the first scientific payload to be picked up with the shuttle's mechanical arm.

Carver Hawkeye Arena
  Carver Hawkeye Arena

1983—The 15,450-seat Carver-Hawkeye Arena, one of the nation's 10 largest university-owned sports arenas, opens after private contributors provide more than $10 million for the $17 million facility in less than 12 months. A year later the arena will receive an Honor Award from the American Institute of Architects for design excellence.

1984—A College of Medicine research team headed by Dr. Antonio Damasio determines the precise areas of brain damage responsible for the memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease.

1984—The UI establishes the unique Undergraduate Scholar Assistantship Program, which permits top undergraduates to do research with senior faculty.

1985—The first heart transplant at University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics is performed.

1985—The Museum of Art adds to its permanent holdings one of the world's most important collections of African art: the Stanley Collection, a gift from Elizabeth and C. Maxwell Stanley of Muscatine, Iowa.

1985—Iowa Hall, a major gallery in the UI Museum of Natural History that is devoted to the state's geology, archaeology and ecology, is established through private gifts to the UI Foundation.

1985—An artificial blood substitute developed by professor of biochemistry Joseph Walder and associate research scientist Roxanne Walder undergoes U.S. Army-funded clinical trials at Baxter Healthcare Corporation. The blood substitute, extracted from donated human blood and chemically altered, will potentially stretch the blood supply and reduce the risk of contracting blood-borne infection.

1986—The UI is selected to become part of a 10-site, $60 million high-resolution radio telescope network that will enable research about galaxies billions of light-years away.

1986—UI-built instruments aboard Voyager 2 fly through the atmosphere of Uranus, giving science its first close encounter with the mysterious planet. Voyager 2 will continue sending information to Earth until 2015.

1986—Board of Regents, State of Iowa, established The University of Iowa Center for the Book. In announcing the Regent's approval for the Center, then university President James O. Freedman states, "The Center for the Books grows naturally out of the university's long heritage of interest in literature and the book ...We see interdisciplinary studies frequently in the sciences; here we see it between people whose interests are art, writing, literature, journalism, printing, papermaking, graphics, and other disciplines. It is an enterprise not only in the production of the book, history and in the role that books, both mass produced and elegantly produced, have played in society."

1986—The 50th anniversary of the Writers' Workshop attracts nationwide media attention, including a New York Times story calling the program the best in the nation.

1986—The Iowa field hockey team's NCAA championship marks the first national title in Iowa women's athletics history.

1986—The new Law Building, a $25-million facility, is named for president emeritus Willard L. Boyd.

1987—The university kicks off the public phase of Iowa Endowment 2000, a $100-million capital campaign providing more than 150 major endowments for faculty chairs, graduate fellowships, and a center for advanced study by the year 2000.

1987—President James O. Freedman announces he is leaving the university to become president of Dartmouth College. Richard D. Remington, vice president for academic affairs and distinguished professor of preventive medicine and environmental health, is appointed interim president.

1987—Nancy Andreasen, professor of psychiatry, wins the Foundation's Fund Prize for Research in Psychiatry, the highest award for research given by the American Psychiatric Association. Andreasen is the first woman to receive the award.

1987—Philip G. Hubbard, vice president for student services and dean of students, introduces "Opportunity at Iowa," a comprehensive effort to attract greater numbers of minority students and outstanding minority professors to the university.

1987—The International Writing Program celebrates its 20th year, attracting $30,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation and earning praise from The New York Times. Paul Engle and Hualing Nieh step down as directors of the program.

1987—The Board of Regents approves the first nursing doctoral program in Iowa to be offered at the University of Iowa, a major step in improving health care in the state and one of only 50 such programs in the country.

1988—The University of Iowa Foundation receives more than $4 million from the estate of distinguished alumnus Edwin B. Green, former editor of The Iowa City Press-Citizen.

1988—The Connie Belin and Jacqueline N. Blank International Center for Gifted Education and Talent Development is established at the University of Iowa College of Education.

1988—Coach C. Vivian Stringer leads the women's basketball team through its fourth consecutive 20—victory season to a Big Ten championship. Stringer is voted Converse coach of the year by her peers.

1988—Hunter R. Rawlings III is named 17th president of The University of Iowa.

1989—NASA grants $10.5 million to Louis A. Frank, professor of physics and astronomy, to build and operate a state-of-the-art camera to study the earth's aurora borealis, or northern lights. NASA also grants $7.1 million to Donald A. Gurnett to design, build, and operate a plasma wave instrument to study the northern lights. Both instruments are scheduled for launch aboard NASA's 1993 Polar spacecraft.

1989—The College of Engineering establishes the Iowa Institute of Biomedical Engineering with a $650,000 grant from the Iowa Department of Economic Development (DED) and matching non-state funds. Drawing on the expertise of faculty in the Colleges of Business Administration, Dentistry, Engineering, and Medicine, the institute is expected to accelerate the transfer of accumulated research findings in biomedical science and engineering to the Iowa economy.

1989—The State Board of Regents approves a plan to research the creation of a university-affiliated research park on the Oakdale campus.

1989—James A. Van Allen, Carver professor of physics emeritus, is awarded the Crafoord Prize by the Royal Swedish Academy of Science for his pioneering exploration of space and his 1958 discovery of the Earth's radiation belts, named the Van Allen belts. The Crafoord Prize is widely regarded as the equivalent of the Nobel Prize.

1989—Alumnus John Pappajohn and his wife, Mary, donate $3 million to help complete the final phase of the 20-year capital replacement program at The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. The Pappajohns also create endowment funds for the operation of a comprehensive Clinical Cancer Center and for other programs at the university.

1989—One hundred years of football is celebrated at the University. Iowa's first game was a 24-0 loss to Grinnell.

1989—Three University of Iowa scientists are named Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) investigators: John E. Donelson, professor of biochemistry, for research on the tropical parasite that causes sleeping sickness; Michael J. Welsh, professor of internal medicine and physiology, for research on the lining in the airways of the lung that may shed light on the cellular defect in people with cystic fibrosis; and Kevin P. Campbell, professor of physiology, for isolating the protein dystrophin, whose absense has been shown to cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

1990—Clark Blaise, 1962 graduate of the Writers' Workshop, is named director of the International Writing Program.

1990—The University of Iowa Cancer Center establishes the Cancer Information Service, available toll-free nationwide.

1990—The Iowa Political Stock Market (IPSM), which made its debut during the 1988 presidential elections, gains international notoriety when it predicts the outcome of the first all—national elections in Germany. Devised by political science professor John Wright and economics professors Robert Forsythe, Forrest Nelson, and George Neumann, the IPSM in the next year will be used in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Turkey, and will consistently fare better than most major professional polls.