A withholding allowance certificate is required to be completed for the state in which you perform the services for The University of Iowa. Some states use the Federal W-4 form as they do not have their own W-4 form. The State of Iowa has a reciprocal agreement with the State of Illinois. If you are a resident of Illinois and working in Iowa you may chose to have Illinois withholding. Completion of the Iowa W-4 and Illinois W-4 can be done directly on the self service website, except if you are claiming exempt or claiming a large number of allowances then you must complete the paper form. Paper copy links for the following can also be found on the self service website. Reminder: It is good idea to review these W-4 forms in December of every year to see if any changes need to be made. Also if you do claim exempt, you MUST complete a new Form W-4 by February 15 of every year.
- Withholding Allowance Certificates for States other than Iowa and Illinois
- Iowa W-4 (pdf)
- Illinois W-4 (pdf)
- Iowa Nonresidence (to be completed with the Illinois W-4) (pdf)
- Federal W-4 Withholding Form (pdf)
- How Do I Adjust My Withholding IRS Pub 919
- Yearly Review of W-4 Forms
Nonresident Alien Information
- Effective October 2010, the Payroll Office has implemented software, Foreign National Information System (FNIS), to collect and maintain data to determine your nonresident alien vs. resident alien status for tax purposes. Please complete the online form when requested and return it as soon as possible so that Payroll can determine your correct tax withholding. Without this information, the Payroll Office will withhold taxes at the maximum rate to ensure compliance with state and federal law. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org with questions.
- IRS rules for all nonresident alien employees
- Form W-4 Instructions for NRAs on the IRS website
- Federal Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate for NRAs- Sample Form W-4 (pdf)
- State of Iowa Employee Withholding Allowance Certificate - Sample Iowa W-4 Form (pdf)
- For further questions, contact Payroll at email@example.com
To determine what effect your W-4 allowances will have on your net pay, you might want to visit the web site of paycheckcity.com, an online collection of paycheck tools. You will need to have a copy of your latest earnings statement. All deductions listed under before-tax deductions are exempt from Federal, FICA and state taxes, except for TIAA-CREF deductions and GSRA; those are exempt from Federal and state taxes.
For individuals who receive fellowship payments through The University of Iowa Payroll Office, the following rules apply:
Fellowship recipients are required to follow the rules imposed by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 revised section 117 of the Internal Revenue Service Code as it applies to Scholarships and Fellowships. Under current law, for degree candidates, only tuition and related expenses such as books, fees, supplies and equipment required for courses can be excluded from income. For recipients who are not degree candidates, no exclusions are allowed.
The University of Iowa cannot help a fellowship recipient determine if their payments are taxable or not. If a recipient is unsure if their payments are taxable, they should consult with a professional income tax preparer.
Fellowship payments to U.S. citizens are not reported on a W-2 or any other income tax reporting document. The total amount of fellowship income that an individual received from The University of Iowa Payroll Office can be found on the Employee Self Service website shortly after the calendar year-end. The amount can be found in the “Personal” tab under “Year-End Taxes”.
Fellowship payments to nonresident aliens who are in F-1 or J-1 immigration status are subject to 14% federal tax withholding unless tax treaty covered. These fellowship payments are reported on 1042-S form.
Fellowship payments are not subject to social security or Medicare tax withholding.
Fellowship payments to U.S. citizens do not have any federal or state income tax withholding. If the fellowship recipient determines that their income is taxable, the recipient is required to make quarterly estimated income tax payments to the Internal Revenue Service and to the State of Iowa. The forms and instructions to make the payments can be found at the following websites:
- Internal Revenue Service form 1040ES:
- State of Iowa form IA 1040ES:
- Additional information regarding Fellowships may be found in Internal Revenue Service Publication 970 http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p970.pdf
Students who are employed in a student position and are at least half-time undergraduate, graduate or professional students are exempt from FICA tax.
Undergraduate students must be registered for 6 credit hours or more during the Fall, Spring and Summer Sessions and 0 credit hours or more during the Winter Session to be exempt from FICA tax.
Graduate students must be registered for 5 credit hours or more during the Fall and Spring Sessions, 3 credit hours or more during the Summer Session and 0 credit hours or more during the Winter Session to be exempt from FICA tax.
However, half-time enrollment standards may vary by college and/or discipline; therefore, you should contact the Registrar's Office to find out if you are enrolled half-time or more.
Graduate students may be exempt from FICA tax if:
- They are registered for 0-2 credit hours or more and if their department completes a Short Hours Form indicating that the student is engaged in research in fulfillment of a degree requirement, writing a dissertation or thesis, or preparing a prospectus. This form must be registered with the University Registrar's Office.
- They have registered for post-comp status or passed their Ph.D. Comprehensive Examination. Please contact your department for additional information.
Nonresident aliens who are currently in F-1 or J-1 immigration status are exempt from FICA tax UNTIL they have met the IRS Substantial Prescence Test (SPT).
According to an IRS article on The Social Security and Medicare Tax Liability of Foreign Students, Scholars, Teachers, Researchers, and Trainees:
Foreign students in F-1 and J-1 status who have been in the U.S. less than 5 calendar years are considered nonresident aliens for tax purposes and are exempt from FICA tax. Foreign students in F-1 and J-1 status who have been in the U.S. more than 5 calendar years are considered resident aliens for tax purposes and are liable for FICA tax unless the students qualify for the student FICA exemption requirements mentioned above. Thus, payroll will start withholding FICA tax beginning January 1st of the sixth calendar year in the U.S.
Foreign scholars, teachers, professors, trainees, and researchers in J-1 status who have been in the U.S. less than two calendar years are considered nonresident aliens for tax purposes and are exempt from FICA tax. Foreign scholars, teachers, professors, trainees, and researchers in J-1 status who have been in the U.S. more than two calendar years are considered resident aliens for tax purposes and are liable for FICA tax. Thus, payroll will start withholding FICA tax beginning January 1st of the third calendar year in the U.S.
If an individual is employed in a professional position and a student position, they will be required to pay FICA tax on their professional position. Professional positions typically receive a benefits package, which is a prohibiting factor for FICA tax exemption. However, nonresident aliens who are in F-1 or J-1 immigration status will be exempt from FICA tax until they have met the IRS Substantial Presence Test (SPT). This exemption is based on immigration status, NOT student status.
- Year End Tax Forms FAQs
- Iowa Department of Revenue
- State of Iowa E-File Information
- How Do I Adjust my Tax Withholding?
- Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax (IRS Pub 505 including information for claiming exempt on Form W-4)
- Withholding Calculator on IRS web site
- Child Labor Laws
Page last updated July 2013