- mutal stance; both partners have the same foot forward
- victory over self; O-Sensei's second principle of aikido
- strike; defensive blow used to neutralize the ki of your partner,
i.e., put him/her off balance so a technique can be effectively applied.
It is not meant to inflict injury.
- wooden sword with two edges, or generically, any sword.
- wooden sword with one edge.
- bu - martial
ardor; in Aikido, Bu signifies valor and indomitable spirit, not contention
and strife. Aikido is the ultimate expression of Bu, which originally
meant to prevent two weapons from coming together.
- budo -
martial ways; ways originating in the martial arts.
- martial arts practitioner
- dan -
level, black belt rank
- student or disciple
- training uniform
- dojo -
training hall; Buddhist temples and any training hall where a Way is
- grand master; following traditional Japanese custom, the position
of Doshu has been hereditary.
- number five pinning technique
- reverse stance; opposite feet advanced; mirror image
- a dividied, skirt-like pant. In most USAF dojos, it is black or dark
blue and is worn by men of yudansha rank and women of all ranks.
- switching from one technique to another.
- half open body; the basic triangular stance of aikido.
- techniques done when nage is kneeling (seiza) and uke attacks from
a standing position
- opposite or reverse
- hara -
center or "one point" in the lower abdomen. This is also,
reputedly, the physical center of the body.
- hiji -
- hiza -
dojo - Headquarter training hall; the headquarters of both the Japanese
and International Aikido Federatios. It is located in Tokyo.
- number one pinning technique
- to enter; entering
- jo - wooden
staff about shoulder high in length
- jo take away; techniques for disarming an opponent armed with a jo.
- crossed arms throw; throw executed when uke's arms are crossed at
- free style throwing
- counter techniques. Uke applies the initial technique to nage.
- open and turn; to revolve or turn.
- hard practice; repetition of the same technique with many uke.
- Japanese or Chinese written characters
- kata -
fixed form; predetermined sequences of movements used as a learning
techniquein martial arts. Also, shoulder.
haya hi - victory faster than light; O'Sensei's third principle of Aikido.
- practice session or training
- kiai -
full of ki; on the physical plane, kiai is manifest as a piercing shout
emanating from the depths of one's being. On the spiritual plane, it
is manifest as a steady outpouring of vital energy.
- junior student
- animating breath; when one's kokyu is full and deep, one is in tune
with the workings of the universe
dosa - an exercise to develop your ki/breathing without using strength.
- breath-meditation; special set of meditation and development techniques
aimed at calming the spirit and establishing true kokyu.
- hip throw; techniques throwing uke over your hips.
- kubi -
- distance; the proper space between two partners; varies with the height
of the partners and whether or not they are holding weapons.
- correct style of victory; O'Sensei's first principle of aikido.
- men -
face or head
- migi -
- purification; rites of breathing or water used to purify body and
mind; to remove various impurities and restore our true image. O-Sensei
considered all aikido techniques to be forms of misogi.
- mune -
- nage -
throw or the person who throws
- forward; techniques done moving forward or in front of uke.
shimasu - "I make a request; please do me this favor."
- great teacher; common way of referring to the founder, Ueshiba Morihei.
- rei -
respect; the formal gesture of respect and gratitude used by aikido
- etiquette or courtesy
- ryo -
- correct or calm sitting; most formal and classic sitting style in
Japan; sitting on knees with feet flat; back straight.
- senior student
- teacher; title used for instructor
- teacher of teachers; honorary title awarded to some of the highest
- four directions
- dead corner
- knee walking
- position, posture, attitude; both physical and mental
- front or top of head; also the front of a dojo
- soto -
out/outside; movement outside of uke's arm
- person holding black belt rank
- unbroken concentration; the "follow through" of a technique.
One is connected to uke even after the throw in an unbroken flow of
ki, simultaneously ready to receive any new attack. A moment of settling
and stillnes at the completion of a technique