The State Board of Regents provides governance and oversight to the University, but they have delegated their authority of developing policies and maintaining the control environment to the President. In turn, the President has delegated the authority of implementing policies and managing the control environment to the Colleges and Departments. The Office of Internal Audit does not have the authority or responsibility for writing policies or maintaining the control environment, but rather is responsible for monitoring the effectiveness of the University’s processes and control environment.
The Office of Internal Audit reports administratively through the Office of the President. All employees (other than the Director) are University of Iowa employees. As a result, the Office of Internal Audit reports functionally to the President. In order to ensure its independence, the Internal Audit Director administratively reports to the Executive Director of the Board Office and the Chair of the Audit and Compliance Committee.
The State Board of Regents has approved the Internal Audit Charter which clearly defines Internal Audit's role and authority within the institution.
INTERNAL AUDIT CHARTER
Approved by State Board of Regents – October 31, 2007
MISSION AND SCOPE OF WORK
The mission of Internal Audit is to provide independent, objective assurance and consulting services designed to add value and improve the organization’s operations. It helps the organization accomplish its objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control, and governance processes.
The scope of work of Internal Audit is to determine whether the organization’s risk management, control, and governance processes, as designed and represented by management, is adequate and functioning in a manner to ensure:
- Risks are appropriately identified and managed.
- Interaction with the various governance groups occurs as needed.
- Significant financial, managerial, and operating information is accurate, reliable, and timely.
- Operations are in compliance with policies, standards, procedures, and applicable laws and regulations.
- Resources are acquired economically, used efficiently, and adequately protected.
- Programs, plans, and objectives are achieved.
- Quality and continuous improvement are fostered in the organization’s control process.
- Significant legislative or regulatory issues impacting the organization are recognized and addressed properly.
The Internal Audit Director is appointed by the Board of Regents (BOR) and reports to the Executive Director of the BOR Office. University internal audit personnel report directly to the Internal Audit Director and indirectly to the University President. Audit activities and reports are communicated to the University President and the BOR. This reporting relationship promotes independence and provides adequate consideration of audit issues, recommendations, and management action plans.
The Internal Audit Director and staff should have an impartial, unbiased attitude and avoid conflicts of interest, as well as be independent in fact and appearance.
The Internal Audit Director shall be accountable to University management and the BOR to:
- Report significant issues related to the processes for controlling the activities of the organization and its affiliates, including potential improvements to those processes, and provide information concerning such issues through resolution.
- Provide information periodically on the status and results of the annual audit plan and the sufficiency of Internal Audit resources.
The Internal Audit Director and staff of Internal Audit have responsibility to:
- Develop a flexible annual audit plan using appropriate risk-based methodology, including any risks or control concerns identified by management, and submit that plan to the BOR for review and approval.
- Implement the annual audit plan, as approved, including, and as appropriate, any special tasks or projects requested by management and the BOR.
- Maintain a professional audit staff with sufficient knowledge, skills, experience, and professional certifications to meet the requirements of this Charter.
- Establish a quality assurance program by which the Internal Audit Director assures the operation of internal auditing activities.
- Evaluate and assess new or changing services, processes, operations, and controls concurrent with their development, implementation, and/or expansion.
- Perform consulting services, beyond internal auditing's assurance services, to assist management in meeting its objectives. Examples may include facilitation, process design, training, and advisory services.
- Issue periodic reports to the BOR and management summarizing results of audit activities.
- Inform the BOR of emerging trends and successful practices in internal auditing.
- Provide a list of significant measurement goals and results to the BOR.
- Assist in the investigation of significant suspected fraudulent activities within the organization and notify management and the BOR of the results.
- Consider the scope of work of the external auditors and regulators, as appropriate, for the purpose of providing optimal audit coverage to the organization.
The Internal Audit Director and staff of Internal Audit are authorized to:
- Have unrestricted access to all functions, records, property, and personnel.
- Have full and free access to the BOR.
- Allocate resources, set frequencies, select subjects, determine scopes of work, and apply the techniques required to accomplish audit objectives.
- Obtain the necessary assistance of personnel in units of the organization where they perform audits, as well as other specialized services from within or outside the organization.
The Internal Audit Director and staff of Internal Audit are not authorized to:
- Perform any operational duties for the organization or its affiliates.
- Initiate or approve financial transactions external to Internal Audit.
- Direct the activities of any organization employee not employed by Internal Audit, except to the extent such employees have been appropriately assigned to auditing teams or to otherwise assist the internal auditors.
LIMITATION OF AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY
In performing their functions, the Internal Audit Director and staff have no direct authority over, or responsibility for, any of the activities reviewed. Internal auditors will not develop and implement procedures, prepare records, make management decisions, or engage in any other activity which could be reasonably construed to compromise their independence. Therefore, review and appraisal by Internal Audit do not in any way substitute for or relieve other persons in the Regent institutions of the responsibilities assigned to them.
STANDARDS OF AUDIT PRACTICE
Audit activities will be performed in accordance with the International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing and the Code of Ethics of The Institute of Internal Auditors.