various links related to page topic; perhaps some interesting facts, images, etc.

 

Sex & Violence

"The acts of violence depicted in pornography are real acts committed against real women and real female children. The fatasy is that women want to be abused."
- Andrea Dworkin, Letters from a War Zone

Jump to: Media Example ~ Research/Facts ~ UI Voice ~ More Issues

Introduction

It's no secret that sex and violence are a huge part of the tv and movie industries, but they also come together in advertisements. Ads are often coded to suggest violence, especially violence against women. In a country where the pornography industry, which thrives off the images of beating and raping women, makes more than Hollywood, television or any other media genre, and where violence, especially among children, is becoming more familiar everyday, taking a critical look at our culture and media which reinforce it is vital. Please check out these examples and look over the facts. Media does not cause violence and rape, but it does create an atmosphere of complaceny and desensitivity to the sexually violent overtones in media.

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Media Example

 
 

 

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Research/Facts

According to Jackson Katz in an analysis of violent white masculinity in advertisements, there are four main recurring themes in advertising which target men and support the equation of white masculinity and violence:

  • Violence as genetically programmed male behavior, i.e., natural warrior energy within every man
  • The use of military and sports symbolism to enhance the masculine appeal and identification or products
  • The association of muscularity with ideal masculinity
  • The equation of heroic masculinity with violent masculinity


In the U.S., there are more pornography shops than McDonald's. (get source from Liz)


A 32-month study of television violence, commissioned by the National Cable Television Association, found that the level of violent programming stayed about the same for the duration of the study -- about 61 per cent.

  • The 3 year study found that the number of prime-time shows containing violent scenes rose from slightly over half in October 1994, to about two-thirds in June 1997.
  • Ninety-two percent of programs aired by pay cable networks contained violent content.
  • Nearly 40% of violent incidents are initiated by "good" characters. The negative consequences, meanwhile, are shown in only 15 per cent of programs. Source: Study Finds More Violence in Prime-Time TV Shows, CNN Interactive, Apr. 16, 1998

Research conducted by Dr. William Marshall of Queens Unviersity shows 86% of rapists are interested in hardore pornography, and that even non-violent pornography can play a significant role in triggering sexually deviant behavior (Media Awareness Network,, Source: Prince George Citizen, Oct. 23, 1996).

About 82% of Americans think movies are too violent and 72% finds that entertainment tv is too violent. (Media Awareness Network,, Source: American Public Opinion on Media Violence, produced by Mediascope, June 1993).

Women are told to be sexy, but it's that same sexiness that is used against them in rape cases. Victoria's Secret "tempts young women with overtly sexual ads promising that their lingerire will make them irresistible." Yet when a young woman accused William Kennedy Smith, whose alleged history of violence against women was omitted from the hearing, the fact that she was wearing Vicotria's Secret panties was used as an indication of her sexual promiscuity and immorality. (Kilbourne, 1999).

Jackson Katz, who writes and lectures on male violence, often begins his workshops by asking men to list the things they do every day to protect themselves from sexual assault. The men are "surprised, puzzled, sometimes amused by the question but the women have no trouble coming up with a list of responses," like unlisted phone numbers, not walking alone at night, carrying a whistle and/or Mace, checking the backseat before getting into the car, etc. (Kilbourne, 1999).

Sexually explicit media, especially involving children, this isn't just an American thing. In Tokyo, hundreds of "image clubs" allow Japanese men to act out their fantasies with make-believe schoolgirls. A magazine called V-Club with pictures of naked elementary school girls competes with another kiddie porn magazine, Anatomical Illustrations of Junior High School Girls. Masao Miyamoto, a male psychiatrist, suggests that men are turning to these girls because they feel threatend by the growing sophistication of older Japanese women. (Kilbourne, 1999).

A 1993 report by the American Association of University Women found that 76% of female students in grades 8-11 and 56% of males students said they had been sexually harassed in school.

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UI Voice

 

 

 

 

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More Issues

Issues Home ~ Thin Industry & Muscle Market ~ Color Line ~ Gay, Lesbian & Bisexual ~ Disability ~ Ugliness ~ Sex & Violence

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