References for
Hierarchical Model of Approach and Avoidance
Achievement Motivation



Elliot, A. J., & Church, M. A. (1997). A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 218-232.

 

Elliot, A. J. (1997). Integrating the "classic" and "contemporary" approaches to achievement motivation:
A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation. In M. Maehr & P. Pintrich (Eds.), Advances in motivation and achievement (Vol. 10, pp. 243-279). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

 
Elliot, A. J. (1999). Approach and avoidance motivation and achievement goals.
Educational Psychologist, 34, 169-189.
 
Harackiewicz, J. H., Barron, K. E., Pintrich, P. R., Elliot, A. J., & Thrash, T. M. (2002).
Revision of achievement goal theory: Necessary and illuminating.
Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 638-645.