7P:075 Educational Psychology and Measurement

Study guide for Exam II


Chapter 6:  Behavioral views of learning


Classical conditioning:

Given an example of classical conditioning, you should be able to identify the components (US, UR, etc.)


Should understand:





Operant conditioning:

be able to discriminate examples of types of reinforcement and punishment (see Figure 6.1, p. 208)

should understand the effects of reinforcement schedules

be able to identify instances of reinforcement schedules (see Table 6.1, p. 209)


Applied behavioral analysis:

understand and be able to identify instances of

Premack principle

positive practice


social isolation

response cost

token reinforcement system


Understand criticisms of behavioral methods



Chapter 7:  Cognitive views of learning


Understand major distinctions between behavioral and cognitive approaches


Information processing model of memory

understand the properties of sensory registers, STM, and LTM

understand processes of chunking, elaboration, and forgetting


Understand the point of these hypothesized memory structures (i.e., what are they trying to explain?):

propositional networks




Levels of processing theory


Serial position effect


Understand the rationale for mneumonic aids and be able to identify examples of:






Chapter 8:  Complex cognitive processes


Understand critiques of methods of teaching problem solving and instructional alternatives (class notes)


Concept learning, including:

the point of negative examples

strategies for teaching


Understand characteristics of and be able to distinguish examples of:

discovery learning (guided discovery)

expository teaching

understand the difference between rule-eg and eg-rule


Transfer of learning



Chapter 9:  Social cognitive and constructivist views of learning


Social learning/cognitive theory:

understand the components of observational learning

understand the notion of vicarious reinforcement and reciprocal determinism


Distinguish different types of constructivism

Distinguish different perspectives on knowledge construction


Understand how constructivism and situated learning are different from information processing perspectives


Understand the characteristics (elements) of constructivist perspectives


Understand the major characteristics of:

Inquiry learning

Problem-based learning

Instructional conversations

Cognitive apprenticeships

FCL (Fostering Communities of Learners)


pp. 492-500

Cooperative learning:

understand the elements of cooperative learning

misuses of cooperative learning


understand the strategies of:


Reciprocal questioning


pp. 440-451

teacher-directed instruction, including:

seatwork and homework

group discussion


pp. 457-465

examples of constructivist (student-centered) teaching

understand rationale for and strategies of reciprocal teaching