"The term leisure is very much like the term intelligence. Everybody uses it, but hardly anyone can agree on what it means." --John Neulinger
The compensation theory claims that people participate in activities that satisfy needs that they cannot satisfy at work.
Harold Wilensky (1960)
According to the spillover theory, workers are thought to participate in leisure activities that have characteristics similar to their job-related activities and tasks.
These two theories are both similar and different.
In general, research testing these theories has provided findings that are contradictory and inconclusive.