Mission
   Goals
   Core Values

   General
   Land Use
   Circulation

   Land Use
   Circulation
   Open Space


   Pedestrian-oriented Campus
   Vehicle System
   Parking Standards
   Drop-Off/Short Term Parking
   CAMBUS
   Open Space System
   Pedestrian/Vehicle Conflicts
   Campus Entrances
   Visual Corridors
   Overlooks
   Potential Building Sites
   Design Guidelines/
      Pre-Design Checklist
   Replace Floor Area Ratio
   Preserve and Protect National
      Register of Historic Places
         Buildings, and Sites
   Identify, Preserve & Protect
      Other Historic Buildings & Sites
   Maintenance Plan
   Campus Statistics
   Hawkins Drive Improvement
   West Campus Loop Road
   Functional Area Recommendations
      Old Capitol
      University Services
      East Residence Halls
      Iowa Center for the Arts and
         the International Center
      Health Sciences/Hospital
      West Residence Halls
      South Melrose
      Sports
      Far West
      Oakdale Campus
   East, West, & Far West Campus
      Development

   The Role of the Campus Planning
      Framework
   The Role of the Campus Planning
      Committee in the Planning
      Process
   The Process For Updating the
      Framework Plan
   The Proposal or Project Review
      Process
   Project Implementation
   Conclusion

   Campus Boundries
   Roads, Streets, & Highways
   Open Space & Green Space
   Parking
   CAMBUS
   Topography
   Slopes
   Drainage
   Soils




   UI Payroll Report - Sept. 1997
   Lot/Ramp Space Inventory-
      Oct. 1997
   Meter Inventory - Oct. 1997
   Service Vehicle Zones -
      East Campus
   Service Vehicle Zones -
      West Campus
   Original Plat of Iowa City
   Workshops - Scheduled by
      Functional Area or
         Participants
   Workshops - Summary of
      Responses By Workshop
   Workshops - Summary of
      Responses
 

History

Campus Planning

First Plan 1905
The first planning document for The University of Iowa was a narrative report prepared in April 1905, by the Olmstead Brothers, Brookline, Massachusetts. No maps were referenced or found that graphically portray this plan. Old Capitol and Schaeffer Hall are the only buildings remaining on what is now called the Pentacrest that were present at the time of the Olmstead plan.

Comprehensive Plan 1965
The first contemporary plan was prepared in 1965. The Plan was prepared in three reports with an additional married student housing report issued a year later. The 1965 plan differed from the 1905 plan in that it included maps and drawings that showed buildings, streets, parking areas, etc., in detail. Enrollment projections were used as a basis to predict facility requirements that in turn predicted buildings, parking and other needs. Overall enrollment projections were close, but distribution assumptions proved to be incorrect. A three-fold growth of The University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics and a great increase in health sciences research space were not anticipated.

Framework Plan 1972
The 1965 plan was updated in 1972 to respond to immediate planning needs not addressed in the 1965 plan. Based on failure to accurately predict future growth and space needs, the 1972 effort recommended the University not develop another traditional campus plan such as the 1965 Plan. It instead was recommended that it would be better to develop a planning process that would achieve the objectives of traditional planning, but would be flexible enough to respond to change and be easily updated. The new planning approach was based upon the concept that it is possible to develop a framework within which planning could occur. The framework provides as much overall guidance to development as possible on broad issues such as streets, parking, utilities, green spaces, and building locations, while allowing incremental decisions to be made within the framework as new development issues emerge.

Framework Plan Update 1978
In 1978 the Lindberg Task Force, with assistance from a consultant, prepared a planning update that incorporated a number of studies and concepts developed after the 1972 plan. The "Lindberg Report" established planning goals and objectives in each of the planning functional elements of land use, circulation, and open space. The campus also was divided into seven functional areas, based on similar existing building functions and land uses that form cohesive planning sub-units. This plan introduced the implementation strategy that the entire functional area encompassing a building site is to be considered when a new building is designed for location within the functional area. In the ensuing twelve years, the "Lindberg Report" continued to be an effective document guiding campus development and providing much of the foundation for the 1990 update.

1989 Strategic Plan
The University's strategic plan "Achieving Distinction" was completed in 1989 and was written as a flexible document that encouraged departments, programs, colleges, and administrative units to work within an integrated whole. Each unit subsequently developed its own strategic plan as a complement to the University-level plan. The plan established institutional mission, goals, objectives, and strategies. Embodied in the plan are goals, objectives and strategies that address the physical environment by providing focus on rebuilding and improving the physical infrastructure. The plan gives priority to classroom and laboratory facilities and computer workstations and networking of computer capabilities are mentioned specifically. The plan also recommended that to remedy substantial erosion of physical infrastructure over the prior ten years, more attention must be directed to increasing classroom availability and improving research and laboratory space.

Campus Planning Framework 1990
In 1990, the Campus Planning Framework continued and strengthened the format begun in 1972. The 1990 Plan flowed from the 1990 Strategic Plan and provided a framework for improving infrastructure while allowing flexibility to respond to needs as they emerge from funding alternatives suggested by the Strategic Plan. The planning framework acknowledged existence of primary elements such as buildings, roads, parking facilities, utilities, natural features, and historical considerations. While it suggested alterations to some elements, it recognized that a specific development proposal must respond to the established framework of primary elements. The framework approach to campus planning provided assurance that incremental decisions would be consistent with long-term goals and planning principles.

The Campus Planning Committee plays a major role in assuring incremental decisions are consistent with the planning framework through review of all plan updates and changes. When specific detailed plans are proposed for a project, they are reviewed by the Campus Planning Committee as well.

Campus Master Plan Status 1995
The 1995 Report to the State Board of Regents provided a review of campus planning over time and outlined what had occurred since the 1990 Campus Planning Framework. Review of development since the 1990 plan included land acquisition and leased property, site and circulation/parking improvements, building sites utilized, and utility improvements. The review also included discussion of the Strategic Plan, Campus Planning Framework, enrollment and the Five-Year Capital Plan, and area studies either underway or proposed.

A Strategic Plan for the University 1996
The 1996 Report to the Board of Regents reaffirmed the mission and goals set forth in the 1995 Strategic Plan, Achieving Distinction 2000; presented 1996 additions to the plan: Core Values, Indicators of Progress, and Strategic Focus Areas; and highlighted recent progress toward institutional goals.

Iowa City and The University of Iowa Campus

The following is an abbreviated history of Iowa City and The University of Iowa campus with an emphasis on the beginnings of both. Complete history information can be found in several documents such as A Pictorial History of The University of Iowa, John C. Gerber, University of Iowa Press, Iowa City, Iowa, 1988.

1826 First settlers arrive in what will be Johnson County.
1837 US Government acquires 1,250,000 acres that includes most of what is now Johnson County and the county is organized by an act of the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature.
1838 The Territory of Iowa is established by Congress. The first territorial legislature convenes in Burlington, Iowa (the temporary capital) and representatives from several territorial counties are commissioned to determine a site for a permanent state capital in Johnson County (chosen because it was centered in what was then defined as the Iowa Territory).
1839 The permanent site for the Iowa capital is selected in Iowa City. The first plat of the city (all east of the river) shows a four block "Capitol Square" set aside for the capitol building, parks and market spaces set within a grid of residential lots, a "Promenade" space set along the Iowa River, a "Quarry" northwest of Church and Dubuque Streets, and "Dillon's Island" a linear island within the river (approximately where the Iowa Advanced Technology Lab building is today). See the Plat Map in the Appendix. About twenty families have settled within the limits of Iowa City.
1840 The cornerstone for the new capitol building is set on July 4. Limestone from the North Street Quarry northwest of the Clinton and Church intersection) is used to top the capitol's second story windows. Several private schools are established near the capitol. The house at 119 W. Park Road (today occupied by The University of Iowa Press) is built.
1842 The Capitol building has a roof and four rooms are ready. Mechanics Academy, a two story brick building at Iowa Avenue and Linn Street (present location of Seashore Hall) is constructed. It is considered the "cradle of the university" and served as the first University Hospital.
1846 Iowa becomes a state.
1847 The First General Assembly of the State of Iowa authorizes a state university and The University of Iowa is founded on February 25, although the university does not officially open its doors until September 1855. The population of Iowa is a widely scattered 100,000.
1853 Iowa City is incorporated April 6. The Iowa population is 250,000.
1855 The University of Iowa opens to students with a two-semester academic year of forty weeks. Iowa City population is approximately 4,000. The General Assembly votes to move the capital to Des Moines.
1857 The state constitution stipulates that Des Moines should be the permanent capital and the actual move takes place in November. The unfinished capitol building in Iowa City is transferred to the University.
1863 The first university building, except for the Capitol, is South Hall, built south of the Capitol building.
1878 The University of Iowa hires its first female professor, Phoebe W. Sudlow.
1895 The first streets in Iowa City are paved with bricks including Clinton Street from Jefferson to Burlington.
1897 The Mechanics Academy is torn down and a larger University Hospital (now part of Seashore Hall) consisting of four units on Iowa Avenue between Linn and Gilbert Streets, is begun (completed in 1914).
1899 The University of Iowa joins the Big Ten.
1900 Johnson County Courthouse is built.
1904 The first Iowa City library, built with Andrew Carnegie funds, is erected at Linn and College Streets.
1904 Interurban railroad begins hourly service between Iowa City and Cedar Rapids.
1908 President's residence built at Clinton and Church.
1928 University Hospital moves to its current site.
1939 Paul Engle takes over the Writers' Workshop.
1962 Iowa City opens its Civic Center.
1972 Hancher Auditorium opens.
1983 Carver-Hawkeye Arena opens.
1988 The University of Iowa Arboretum is moved to its present site along the Iowa River from its previous location along the hillside north of the Chemistry Building.


Last Updated: Thursday, January 28, 1999
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