Plato notes

Historical method used in Hunnicutt's article

analysis of discourse

count words

how are they used?

etymology/ not entomology

Plato/Socrates scholé

freedom segh schole

indo European

basic definition/ constant freedom/victory

Other Greek words for freedom

eleutheros (liberal/Free), exousia (Freedom/Power to do something), autonomia (autonomous)

 

What is freedom?

Imagine freedom- good or bad/ perfect or mixed?

 

political, seat belt

moral, ring

Always mixed- definition by means of opposition, freedom / determinism

economic oikia- schole another reversal public private flip flop

 

Schole

ordinary

round to it

 

two things

 

Assign value to free, not free you get a

continuum

freedom from

freedom for

 

what is worth doing for its own sake- what is freedom for?

the purest freedom?

************************ Work/leisure

 

ascholea not= work vs leisure

scholia- ergon

 

scholia/ ascholia= much richer idea, having to do with

freedom/constraint

cause/effect this for that

means and ends, for from

 

Myth of perfect work is a product of bad thinking due to bad words

Myth of perfect work-

Some day my prince will come

Plum jobs!

vs reality

vs common sense

Religion of work, who am I

The fantasy of collapsing means and ends

 

These ideas were virtually unthinkable in Greek

 

SCHOLE

the question of freedom

politics, moral

method of difference

pleasure/pain

appetite, want, pain

 

 

why do anything and not nothing?

What is worth doing for itself?

modern- autotelic, intrinsic motivation

 

leads to 2 philo principles

hierarchy

what is worth doing for itself?

 

Great Chain of Being

just a little lower than the angles

spiritual circuit, freer/better/beautiful

 

 

 

 

Freedom the hardest to learn/ how do you teach it?

You think you know all there is to know- the absence of constraint

 

higher ed/ more it is about what to do in freedom

freedom must have disciplines- piano

work for being free

 

1st lesson

don't work too much

chose freedom, a disposition of the soul

center life on free time, not necessity

 

NOT ARISTOCRATIC a matter of education and right choice

the big criticism of Greek leisure is that it is aristocratic

but its not, in theory

Voluntary slave

material life and pleasures

 

Socrates, a street person

"necessity" can be infinite, a product of pride and fear of freedom

 

GO UP DUMMY in the great chain of being-

chose freedom- moral like choice

 

 

Don't sleep too much

A person asleep is no better than a corpse

activity, motion

 

 

The liberal arts

free arts, given

music, rhetoric

GIFT=FREE

Royalty and honorarium

 

Unlike present day

learn to do vs modern ed

give freely vs modern ed

 

CIVIC-vs idiot

leisure/liberal arts for doing in the community

CULTURE- shared experience of transmitting (teaching), practicing,

and creating who we are

words/symbol/ritual

mind/spirit/body in a social place

polis

 

A PLACE TO BE FREE

parks, swimming pools, libraries, schools, etc.

free places for free people

 

THE PUBLIC SECTOR

economics=private

polis, politics= public, participation

 

--------------------

highest liberal art=philosophy

schole and paidia

 

ed levels, 20s=liberal arts, doing them,40s study philos, afterward,

doing philosophy

 

a break in the continuum-

philos= the highest????

 

Is he serious? completely irrelevant, right?

we will see- can he convince you to "do philosophy?"

 

How?

 

first, play

 

the method to teach philosophy

strange

play=children fo Greek and English

 

what to make of it

 

teach children

fool them, lure them to learn

 

Turn the eye of the soul

forced learning does not stay, useless a waste of time

memory course, mnemonic (spell OK) devices, my children's card game

 

circuit

the pedagogue (spell ok)

 

correct unlawful play

with correcting play

 

same with adults

find unlawful play (philo) and correct it

 

Unlawful play?

forms of unlawful playing

 

irreverence/

taking serious things playfully

 

false play

pretending to do philo, look for the truth, when all the while you

are after something other than the truth

examples Socrates' trial

stories of the Oracle at Delphi

 

false (over) seriousness

taking playful things seriously 2

 

 

 

GO UP SERIOUS

GO DOWN PLAYFUL

 

 

points to make

what is truth?

 

truth vs opinion

pursue truth

 

at the beginning of wisdom

 

(spell OK) ALLEGORY of the CAVE

 

WHAT IS WORTH DOING FOR ITSELF

 

DO PHILOSOPHY!

 

CONCERNS OF BEING HUMAN, life, death, love (vs achy breaky heart)