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Legislative Studies Quarterly
CUMULATIVE INDEX
VOLUMES I–XXXVII (1976–2012)
(abstracts are provided for articles published since 1996)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A
Abney, Glenn, and James A. Henderson, Representation of Local Officials by U.S. State Legislators IV,63

Abramowitz, Alan I., Campaign Spending in U.S. Senate Elections XIV,487

Abramowitz, Alan I., It's Monica, Stupid: The Impeachment Controversy and the 1998 Midterm Election XXVI,211

Abramowitz, Alan I., and Jeffrey A. Segal, Beyond Willie Horton and the Pledge of Allegiance: National Issues in the 1988 Elections XV,565

Accounting for Change in the Number of State Legislative Committee Positions, Keith E. Hamm and Ronald D. Hedlund XV,201

Accounting for the Voting Patterns of British MPs on Free Votes, John R. Hibbing and David Marsh XII,275

The Accuracy of Leader Perceptions of Constituency Views, Aage R. Clausen II,361

Achieving Population Equality Among the Constituencies of the Canadian House, 1903-1976, Harvey Pasis VIII,111

Adaptation and Consolidation: Structural Innovation in the U.S. House of Representatives, Roger H. Davidson and Walter J. Oleszek I,37

Adler, E. Scott, and John D. Wilkerson, Intended Consequences: Jurisdictional Reform and Issue Control in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXIII,85

Adler, E. Scott, Chariti E. Gent, and Cary B. Overmeyer, The Homestyle Homepage: Legislator Use of the World Wide Web for Constituency Contact XXIII,585

Adler, Scott, William Howell, Charles Cameron, and Charles Riemann, Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress 1945-94 XXV,285

The Advent of the Modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, Roger H. Davidson XV,357

The Advent of the Modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, Walter Kravitz XV,375

After Enlargement: Voting Patterns in the Sixth European Parliament, Simon Hix and Abdul Noury XXXIV,159

After the Blitz: Reagan and the U.S. Congressional Budget Process, Lance T. LeLoup VII,321

Agency Design as an Ongoing Tool of Bureaucratic Influence, Christopher Reenock and Sarah Poggione XXIX,383

Agenda Change and Committee Politics in the Postreform House, Randall Strahan XIII,177

Agenda Control and Policy Success: Ronald Reagan and the 97th House, Barbara Deckard Sinclair X,291

Agenda Control in Congress: Evidence from Cutpoint Estimates and Ideal Point Uncertainty, Edward H. Stiglitz and Barry R. Weingast XXXV, 157

Agenda Control, Majority Party Power, and the House Committee on Rules, 1937–52, Eric Schickler and Kathryn Pearson XXXIV, 455

Agenda Power, Executive Decree Authority, and the Mixed Results of Reform in the Brazilian Congress, Carlos Pereira, Timothy J. Power, and Lucio R. Rennó XXXIII,5

Agenda Power in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, 1988-2000, Gary W. Cox, William B. Heller, and Mathew D. McCubbins XXXIII,171

Agenda Setting in the U.S. House: A Majority-Party Monopoly? Gary W. Cox XXVI,185

Agreeing to Disagree: Agenda Content and Senate Partisanship, 1981-2004, Frances E. Lee XXXIII,199

Ahmed, Nizam, and Shahnaz Khan, The Development of Parliamentary Oversight in Bangladesh: A Research Note XX,573

Ainsworth, Scott H., The Role of Legislators in the Determination of Interest Group Influence XXII,517

Ainsworth, Scott, and Marcus Flathman, Unanimous Consent Agreements as Leadership Tools XX,177

Aistrup, Joseph A., Republican Contestation of U.S. State Senate Elections in the South XV,227

Aksoy, Deniz, "It Takes a Coalition": Coalition Potential and Legislative Decision Making XXXV,519

Alemán, Eduardo, Ernesto Calvo, Mark P. Jones, and Noah Kaplan, Comparing Cosponsorship and Roll-Call Ideal Points XXXIV,87

Aldrich, John H., A Model of a Legislature with Two Parties and a Committee System XIX,313

Alford, John R., and John R. Hibbing, Constituency Population and Representation in the U.S. Senate XV,581

Alford, John R., and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, Editors' Introduction: Electing the U.S. Senate XV,469

Alford, John R., Keith Henry, and James E. Campbell, Television Markets and Congressional Elections IX,665

All in a Day’s Work: The Financial Rewards of Legislative Effectiveness, Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier and J. Tobin Grant XXIV,511

Alpert, Eugene J., A Reconceptualization of Representational Role Theory IV,587

Alter, Alison B., and Leslie Moscow McGranahan, Reexamining the Filibuster and Proposal Powers in the Senate XXV,259

Alvarez, R. Michael, and Paul Gronke, Constituents and Legislators: Learning About the Persian Gulf War Resolution XXI,105

Ambition and Competition: Explaining Legislator Turnover in Brazil, David Samuels, XXV,481

An Ambition-Theoretic Approach to Legislative Organizational Choice, James S. Coleman Battista XXVIII,333

Ambrosius, Margery M., and Susan Welch, State Legislators' Perceptions of Business and Labor Interests XIII,199

Amorim, Octavio Neto, and Fabiano Santos, The Inefficient Secret Revisited: The Legislative Input and Output of Brazilian Deputies XXVIII,449

Anagnoson, J. Theodore, Home Style in New Zealand VIII,157

An Analysis of Consociational Democracy, G.R. Boynton and W. H. Kwon III,11

Analysis of Congressional Coalition Patterns: A Unidimensional Spatial Model, Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal XII,55

Anchoring Legislative Careers, E. Lee Bernick XXVI,123

Anderson, Christopher J., Thomas L. Brunell, and Rachel K. Cremona, Descriptive Representation, District Demography, and Attitudes toward Congress among African Americans XXXIII,223

Anderson, William D., and Scott R. Meinke, Influencing from Impaired Administrations: Presidents, White House Scandals, and Legislative Leadership XXVI,639

Anderson, William D., Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, and Valeria Sinclair-Chapman, The Keys to Legislative Success in the U.S. House of Representatives XXVIII,357

Andeweg, Rudy B., Executive-Legislative Relations in The Netherlands: Consecutive and Coexisting Patterns XVII,161

Andeweg, Rudy B., and Jacques J.A. Thomassen, Modes of Political Representation: Toward a New Typology XXX,507

Andrews, William G., The Constitutional Prescription of Parliamentary Procedures in Gaullist France III,465

Another Look at Legislative Professionalization and Divided Government in the States, Peverill Squire XXII,417

Ansolabehere, Stephen, and Alan Gerber, The Effects of Filing Fees and Petition Requirements on U.S. House Elections XXI,249

Ansolabehere, Stephen, and Alan Gerber, Incumbency Advantage and the Persistence of Legislative Majorities XXII,161

Ansolabehere, Stephen, and James M. Snyder, Jr., Using Term Limits to Estimate Incumbency Advantages When Officeholders Retire Strategically XXIX,487

Ansolabehere, Stephen, Eric Snowberg, and James M. Snyder, Jr., Television and the Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Elections XXXI,469

Ansolabehere, Stephen, James M. Snyder, Jr., and Charles Stewart III, The Effects of Party and Preferences on Congressional Roll-Call Voting XXVI,533

Apollonio, D.E., and Raymond J. La Raja, Term Limits, Campaign Contributions, and the Distribution of Power in State Legislatures XXXI, 259

The Appointment of Rapporteurs in the European Parliament, Antoine Yoshinaka, Gail McElroy, and Shaun Bowler XXXV,457

Appropriations Decisions as Bilateral Bargaining Game Between President and Congress, D. Roderick Kiewiet and Mathew D. McCubbins X,181

Are Congressional Leaders Middlepersons or Extremists? Yes, Stephen Jessee and Neil Malhotra XXXV, 361

Are Women More Liberal Than Men in the U.S. Congress? Susan Welch X,125

Are Women More Likely to Vote for Women’s Issue Bills Than Their Male Colleagues? Michele L. Swers XXIII,435

Arnold, Laura W., The Distribution of Senate Committee Positions: Change or More of the Same? XXVI,227

Artificial Extremism in Interest Group Ratings, James M. Snyder, Jr. XVII,319

Artificial Extremism in Interest Group Ratings and the Preferences versus Party Debate, Michael C. Herron XXIV,525

As a Matter of Factions: The Budgetary Implications of Shifting Factional Control in Japan’s LDP, Mathew D. McCubbins and Michael F. Thies XXII,293

Ascui, Alvaro, Donley T. Studlar, and Ian McAllister, Electing Women to the British Commons: Breakout from the Beleaguered Beachhead? XIII,515

Asmussen, Nicole, Female and Minority Judicial Nominees: President's Delight and Senators' Dismay? XXXVI, 591

The Assembly Line: Law Production in the American States, Alan Rosenthal and Rod Forth III,265

Assessing Constituency Influence: Congressional Voting on the Nuclear Freeze, 1982-83, L. Marvin Overby XVI,297

Assessing Legislative Deliberation: A Preface to Empirical Analysis, Edward L. Lascher, Jr. XXI,501

Assessing Legislator-Constituency Policy Agreement, Robert Weissberg IV,605

An Assessment of the Positive Theory of 'Congressional Dominance' of Bureaucracy, Terry Moe XII,475

Assessing the President’s Role as Party Agent in Congressional Elections: The Case of Bill Clinton in 2000, Gary C. Jacobson, Samuel Kernell, and Jeffrey Lazarus XXIX,159

Atkinson, Michael, Policy Interests of Provincial Backbenchers and the Effects of Political Ambition III,629

Atkinson, Michael M., and Maureen Mancuso, Conflict of Interest in Britain and the United States: An Institutional Argument XVI,471

Atkinson, Michael M., and Paul G. Thomas, Studying the Canadian Parliament XVIII,423

Attitudes of U.S. State Legislators Toward Political Corruption: Some Preliminary Findings, Susan Welch and John G. Peters II,445

Austin, Erik W., Jerome M. Clubb, William H. Flanigan, Peter Granda, and Nancy H. Zingale, Electoral Participation in the United States, 1968-86 XVI,145

Austin, Rory, Seats That May Not Matter: Testing for Racial Polarization in U.S. City Councils XXVII,481

B
Baaklini, Abdo I., The Kuwaiti Legislature as Ombudsman: The Legislative Committee on Petitions and Complaints III,293

Bach, Stanley, Germaneness Rules and Bicameral Relations in the U.S. Congress VII,341

Bach, Stanley, Suspension of the Rules, the Order of Business, and the Development of Congressional Procedure XV,49

Bacot, A. Hunter, and Roy A. Dawes, Electoral Career Patterns and Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIII,575

Baekgaard, Martin, Self-selection or Socialization? A Dynamic Analysis of Committee Member Preferences XXXV, 337

Bagashka, Tanya, Invisible Politics: Institutional Incentives and Legislative Alignments in the Russian Duma, 1996-99 XXXIII,415

Bailey, Michael A., The Politics of the Difficult: Congress, Public Opinion, and Early Cold War Aid and Trade Policies XXVIII,147

Bailey, Michael, Quiet Influence: The Representation of Diffuse Interests on Trade Policy, 1983-94 XXVI,45

Baker, John R., and Wayne L. Francis, Why Do U.S. State Legislators Vacate Their Seats? XI,119

Baker, Ross K., Party and Institutional Sanctions in the U.S. House: The Case of Congressman Gramm X,315

Balancing Competing Demands: Position Taking and Election Proximity in the European Parliament, René Lindstädt, Jonathan B. Slapin, and Ryan J. Vander Wielen XXXVI, 37

Balancing Power: Committee System Autonomy and Legislative Organization, Nancy Martorano XXXI, 205

Baldez, Lisa, Elected Bodies: The Gender Quota Law for Legislative Candidates in Mexico XXIX,231

 

Baranowski, Michael, and Neil D. Woods, Legislative Professionalism and Influence on State Agencies: The Effects of Resources and Careerism XXXI,585

 

Bardwell, Kedron, The Puzzling Decline in House Support for Free Trade: Was Fast Track a Referendum on NAFTA? XXV,591  

Barnello, Michelle A. and Kathleen A. Bratton, Bridging the Gender Gap in Bill Sponsorship XXXII,449

Bartels, Brandon L., Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, and Peter M. Radcliffe, The Incidence and Timing of PAC Contributions to Incumbent U.S. House Members, 1993-94 XXX,549

Baron, David P., A Sequential Choice Theory Perspective on Legislative Organization XIX,267

Barrett, Edith J., The Policy Priorities of African American Women in State Legislatures XX,223

Barrett, Edith J., and Fay Lomax Cook, Congressional Attitudes and Voting Behavior: An Examination of Support for Social Welfare XVI,375

Basehart, Harry, and John Comer, Partisan and Incumbent Effects in State Legislative Redistricting XVI,65

Basehart, Hubert Harry, The Effect of Membership Stability on Continuity and Experience in U.S. State Legislative Committees V,55

Basinger, Scott J. and Michael J. Ensley, Candidates, Campaigns, or Partisan Conditions? Reevaluating Strategic-Politicians Theory XXXII,361

Battista, James S. Coleman, An Ambition-Theoretic Approach to Legislative Organizational Choice XXVIII,333

Battista, James Coleman, Why Information? Choosing Committee Informativeness in U.S. State Legislatures XXXIV,375

Battista, James Coleman, and Jesse T. Richman, Party Pressure in the U.S. State Legislatures XXXVI, 397

Batto, Nathan F., Electoral Strategy, Committee Membership, and Rent Seeking in the Taiwanese Legislature, 1992–2001 XXX,43

Baumgartner, Frank R., Parliament's Capacity to Expand Political Controversy in France XII,33

Bawn, Kathleen, Congressional Party Leadership: Utilitarian versus Majoritarian Incentives XXIII,219

Baxter, Alison, Margaret Jordan, and Mark N. Franklin, Dissent in the British House of Commons: Response to Norton's Rejoinder XII,152

Baxter, Alison, Margaret Jordan, and Mark N. Franklin, Who Were the Rebels? Dissent in the House of Commons, 1970-1974 XI,143

Benoit, Kenneth, Slava Mikhaylov, Michael Laver, and Will Lowe, Scaling Policy Preferences from Coded Political Texts XXXVI, 123

Bergara, Mario, Barak Richman, and Pablo T. Spiller, Modeling Supreme Court Strategic Decision Making: The Congressional Constraint XXVIII,247

Bergman, Elizabeth, and Craig Volden, How Strong Should Our Party Be? Party Member Preferences Over Party Cohesion, XXXI, 71

Berkman, Michael B., Former State Legislators in the U.S. House of Representatives: Institutional and Policy Mastery XVIII,77

Berkman, Michael, Legislative Professionalism and the Demand for Groups: The Institutional Context of Interest Population Density XXVI,661

Bernick, E. Lee, Anchoring Legislative Careers XXVI,123

Bernick, E. Lee, The Impact of U.S. Governors on Party Voting in One-Party Dominated Legislatures III,431

Bernick, E. Lee, and Charles W. Wiggins, Legislative Norms in Eleven States VIII,191

Bernstein, Robert A., Strategic Shifts: Safeguarding the Public Interest? U.S. Senators, 1971-86 XVI,263

Berry, Christopher, Nolan McCarty, and Boris Shor, A Bridge to Somewhere: Mapping State and Congressional Ideology on a Cross-institutional Common Space XXXV, 417

Berry, Gregory, Bernard Grofman, and Robert Griffin, House Members Who Become Senators: Learning from a 'Natural Experiment' in Representation XX,513

Berry, Willard M., Parliamentary Participation in the Indian Lok Sabha, 1957-1974 IV,7

Beyond Willie Horton and the Pledge of Allegiance: National Issues in the 1988 Elections, Alan I. Abramowitz and Jeffrey A. Segal XV,565

Bianco, William T., Last Post for “The Greatest Generation”: The Policy Implications of the Decline of Military Experience in the U.S. Congress XXX,85

Bianco, William T., Party Campaign Committees and the Distribution of Tally Program Funds XXIV,451

Bianco, William T., Strategic Decisions on Candidacy in U.S. Congressional Districts IX,351

Bianco, William T., Ryan Work, and Daniel Lipinski, What Happens When House Members 'Run with Congress'? Consequences of Institutional Loyalty XXVIII,413

Bias and Responsiveness in State Legislative Districting, Richard G. Niemi and Simon Jackman XVI,183

Bias and Responsiveness in the Seat-Vote Relationship, Janet C. Campagna XVI,81

Bicameral Winning Coalitions and Equilibrium Federal Legislatures, Tasos Kalandrakis XXIX,49

Bicameralism and Budget Deficits: The Effect of Parliamentary Structure on Government Spending, William B. Heller XXII,485

Bicameralism and the Core: An Experimental Test, Gary J. Miller, Thomas H. Hammond, and Charles Kile XXI,83

Bicameralism and Geographic Politics: Allocating Funds in the House and Senate, Frances E. Lee XXIX,185

Bicknell, Patricia L., Richard G. Niemi, and Lynda W. Powell, The Effects of Congruity Between Community and District on Salience of U.S. House Candidates xi,187

Biersack, Bob, and Clyde Wilcox, Research Update: The Timing of Candidacy Decisions in the U.S. House, 1982-1988 XV,115

Biersack, Robert, Paul S. Herrnson, and Clyde Wilcox, Seeds for Success: Early Money in Congressional Elections xviii,535

Bill Construction in Legislative Committees: A Study of the U.S. House, Barry S. Rundquist and Gerald S. Strom XII,97

Bill Introduction in the Nineteenth Century: A Study of Institutional Change, Joseph Cooper and Cheryl D. Young XIV,67

Bimber, Bruce, Information as a Factor in Congressional Politics XVI,585

Bimes, Terri L., Paul Frymer, and Thomas P. Kim, Party Elites, Ideological Voters, and Divided Party Government XXII,195

Binder, Sarah, Parties and Institutional Choice Revisited XXXI,513

Binder, Sarah A., and Forrest Maltzman, The Limits of Senatorial Courtesy XXIX,5

Binder, Sarah, Forrest Maltzman, and Lee Sigelman, Senators' Home-State Reputations: Why Do Constituents Love a Bill Cohen So Much More Than a Al D'Amato? XXIII,545

Bipartisanship Legislative Delegations and the Mean-Seeking Hypothesis: The Case of Washington, 1948-96 Phillip L. Gianos XXV, 499

Bishin, Benjamin G., Constituency Influence in Congress: Does Subconstituency Matter? XXV,389

Bisson, Thomas N., Celebration and Persuasion: Reflections on the Cultural Evolution of Medieval Consultation VII,181

Black, Michael, and James M. McCormick, Ideology and Senate Voting on the Panama Canal Treaties VIII,45

Black Political Representation: An Examination of Legislative Activity Within U.S. House Committees, Katrina L. Gamble XXXII,421

Black Representation: Making Sense of Electoral Geography at Different Levels of Government, Bernard Grofman and Lisa Handley XIV,265

Blair, Diane D., and Jeanie R. Stanley, Personal Relationships and Legislative Power: Male and Female Perceptions XVI,495

Blair, Diane Kincaid, and Ann R. Henry, The Family Factor in State Legislative Turnover VI,55

Blidook, Kelly, and Matthew Kerby, It's Not You, It's Me: Determinants of Voluntary Legislative Turnover in Canada XXXVI, 621

Blischke, Werner, Parliamentary Staffs in the German Bundestag VI,533

Blumler, Jay G., and Holli A. Semetko, Mass Media and Legislative Campaigns in a Unitary Parliamentary Democracy: The Case of Britain XII,415

Boll Weevils and Roll-Call Voting: A Study in Time and Space, M.V. Hood and Irwin L. Morris XXIII,245

Bond, Jon R., The Influence of Constituency Diversity on Electoral Competition in Voting for Congress, 1974-1978 VIII,201

Bond, Jon R., and Richard Fleisher, The Limits of Presidential Popularity as a Source of Influence in the U.S. House V,69

Bond, Jon R., Richard Fleisher, John A. Hamman, and Jeffrey E. Cohen, State-Level Presidential Approval and Senatorial Support  XXV,577

Bonding, Structure, and the Stability of Political Parties: Party Government in the House, Gary W. Cox and Mathew D. McCubbins XIX,215

Book Review: The Handbook of National Legislatures, Scott W. Desposato XXXVII, 389

Born, Richard, Congressional Incumbency and the Rise of Split-Ticket Voting, XXV,365

Born, Richard, Split-Ticket Voters, Divided Government, and Fiorina's Policy-Balancing Model XIX,95

Borris, Thomas J., and Ruth S. Jones, Strategic Contributing in Legislative Campaigns: The Case of Minnesota X,89

Botero, Felipe, and Brian F. Crisp, Multicountry Studies of Latin American Legislatures: A Review Article XXIX,329

Bowler, Shaun, Antoine Yoshinaka, and Gail McElroy, The Appointment of Rapporteurs in the European Parliament XXXV,457

Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., and J. Tobin Grant, All in a Day’s Work: The Financial Rewards of Legislative Effectiveness XXIV, 511

Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Peter M. Radcliffe, and Brandon M. Bartels, The Incidence and Timing of PAC Contributions to Incumbent U.S. House Members, 1993-94 XXX,549

Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Valeria Sinclair-Chapman, and William D. Anderson, The Keys to Legislative Success in the U.S. House of Representatives XXVIII,357

Boynton, G.R., and W.H. Kwon, An Analysis of Consociational Democracy III,11

Brace, Paul A., Probabilistic Approach to Retirement from the U.S. Congress X,107

Brace, Paul, Ronald E. Weber, and Harvey J. Tucker, Vanishing Marginals in State Legislative Elections XVI,29

Bradley, Robert B., Motivations in Legislative Information Use V,393

Brady, David W., and Charles S. Bullock III, Party and Factional Organization in Legislatures VIII,599

Brady, David W., and Charles S. Bullock III, Party, Constituency, and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate VIII,29

Brady, David W., and Hugh W. Stephens, The Parliamentary Parties and the Electoral Reforms of 1884-85 in Britain I,491

Brady, David W., Richard Brody, and David Epstein, Heterogeneous Parties and Political Organization: The U.S. Senate, 1880-1920 XIV,205

Brady, David W., Richard A. Brody, John A. Ferejohn, and Catherine R. Shapiro, Linking Constituency Opinion and Senate Voting Scores: A Hybrid Explanation XV,599

Brady, David, Kara Buckley, and Douglas Rivers, The Roots of Careerism in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIV,489

Brady, David W., Joseph Cooper, and Patricia A. Hurley, The Decline of Party in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1887-1968 IV,381

Brady, David W., Joseph Cooper, and Patricia A. Hurley, Measuring Legislative Potential for Policy Change II,385

Brady, David W., Hahrie Han, and Jeremy C. Pope, Primary Elections and Candidate Ideology: Out-of-Step with the Primary Electorate? XXXII,79

Brasher, Holly, David Lowery, and Virginia Gray, State Lobby Registration Data: The Anomalous Case of Florida (and Minnesota too!) XXIV,303

Bratton, Kathleen A. and Michelle A. Barnello, Bridging the Gender Gap in Bill Sponsorship XXXII,449

Bratton, Kathleen A., and Stella M. Rouse, Networks in the Legislative Arena: How Group Dynamics Affect Cosponsorship XXXVI, 423

Brauen, Marsha L., and Kathryn Newcomer Harmon, Joint Electoral Outcomes as Cues for Congressional Support of U.S. Presidents IV,281

Breaux, David A., and Anthony Gierzynski, "It's Money That Matters": Campaign Expenditures and State Legislative Primaries XVI,429

Breaux, David, and Anthony Gierzynski, Legislative Elections and the Importance of Money XXI,337

Breaux, David A., and Anthony Gierzynski, Money and the Party Vote in State House Elections XVIII,515

Breaux, David A., and Anthony Gierzynski, Money and Votes in State Legislative Elections XVI,203

Breaux, David A., and Malcolm E. Jewell, The Effect of Incumbency on State Legislative Elections XIII,495

Breaux, David A., and Malcolm E. Jewell, Southern Primary and Electoral Competition and Incumbent Success XVI,129

Brennan, Pauline Gasdow, Timothy J. Flanagan, and Debra Cohen, Crime Control Ideology Among New York State Legislators XVIII,411

Brenner, Philip, and William M. LeoGrande, The House Divided: Ideological Polarization Over Aid to the Nicaraguan "Contras" XVIII,105

Brians, Craig Leonard, and Martin Wattenberg, Partisan Turnout Bias in Midterm Legislative Elections XXVII,407

A Bridge to Somewhere: Mapping State and Congressional Ideology on a Cross-institutional Common Space, Boris Shor, Christopher Berry, and Nolan McCarty XXXV, 417

Bridging the Gender Gap in Bill Sponsorship, Michelle A. Barnello and Kathleen A. Bratton XXXII,449

Bringing Home the Bacon: The Politics of Pork Barrel in the North Carolina Legislature, Joel A. Thompson XI,91

Brink, James Eastgate, Provincial Assemblies and Parlement in Early Modern France: A Review of Historical Scholarship XI,429

Brink, James Eastgate, The Estates General of Languedoc: Struggles for Provincial Autonomy in Early 16th Century France V,437

British Backbench Rebellion and Government Appointments, 1945-87, Richard J. Piper xvi,219

British MPs in Their Constituencies, J. Vincent Buck and Bruce E. Cain XV,127

Brody, Richard, David Epstein, and David Brady, Heterogeneous Parties and Political Organization: The U.S. Senate, 1880-1920 XIV,205

Brody, Richard A., John A. Ferejohn, Catherine R. Shapiro, and David W. Brady, Linking Constituency Opinion and Senate Voting Scores: A Hybrid Explanation XV,599

Brookshire, Robert G., and Dean F. Duncan III, Congressional Career Patterns and Party Systems VIII,65

Brown, Deborah Dwight, and Richard E. Matland, District Magnitude's Effect on Female Representation in U.S. State Legislatures XVII,469

Browne, Eric C., and Mark N. Franklin, Editors' Introduction: New Directions in Coalition Research xi,469

Browne, Eric C., John P. Frendreis, and Dennis W. Gleiber, The Study of Cabinet Dissolutions in Parliamentary Democracies xi,619

Browne, William P., Multiple Sponsorship and Bill Success in U.S. State Legislatures X,483

Brunell, Thomas L., and David R. Smith, Special Elections to the U.S. House of Representatives: A General Election Barometer? XXXV, 283

Brunell, Thomas L., Christopher J. Anderson, and Rachel K. Cremona, Descriptive Representation, District Demography, and Attitudes toward Congress among African Americans XXXIII,223

Brunell, Thomas L., William Koetzle, and Bernard Grofman, Why Gain in the Senate But Midterm Loss in the House? Evidence from a Natural Experiment XXIII,79

Brunell, Thomas L., Bernard Grofman, Lisa Handley, and David Lublin, Has the Voting Rights Act Outlived Its Usefulness? In a Word, “No” XXXIV, 525

Brunell, Thomas L., William Koetzle, John DiNardo, Bernard Grofman, and Scott L. Feld, The R2=.93: Where Then Do They Differ? Comparing Liberal and Conservative Interest Group Ratings XXIV,87

Buchanan, Scott E., Ronald Keith Gaddie, and Charles S. Bullock III,  What is So Special About Special Elections? XXIV,103

Buck, J. Vincent, and Bruce E. Cain, British MPs in Their Constituencies XV,127

Buckley, Kara, Douglas Rivers, and David Brady, The Roots of Careerism in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIV,489

Budge, Ian, and Michael Laver, Office-Seeking and Policy Pursuit in Coalition Theory xi,485

Budge, Ian, and Michael Laver, Policy, Ideology, and Party Distance: Analysis of Election Programmes in 19 Democracies xi,607

Budge, Ian, Dennis Farlie, and Galen Irwin, Social Background vs. Motivational Determinants of Legislative Careers in The Netherlands IV,447

Building a Reputation on National Security: The Impact of Stereotypes Related to Gender and Military Experience, Michele Swers XXXII,559

Bullock, Charles S., III, Explaining Congressional Elections: Differences in Perceptions of Opposing Candidates II,295

Bullock, Charles S., III, Motivations for U.S. Congressional Committee Preferences: Freshmen of the 92d Congress I,201

Bullock, Charles S., III, and David W. Brady, Party and Factional Organization in Legislatures VIII,599

Bullock, Charles S., III, and David W. Brady, Party, Constituency, and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate VIII,29

Bullock, Charles S., III, and Mary Alice Nye, Civil Rights Support: A Comparison of Southern and Border State Representatives XVII,81

Bullock, Charles S. III, and David J. Shafer, Party Targeting and Electoral Success XXII,573

Bullock, Charles S. III, Ronald Keith Gaddie, and Scott E. Buchanan, What is So Special About Special Elections? XXIV,103

Bullock. Charles S. III, Ronald Keith Gaddie, and Anders Ferrington, When Experience Fails: The Experience Factor in Congressional Runoffs XXVI,31

Burden, Barry C., and Tammy M. Frisby, Preferences, Partisanship, and Whip Activity in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIX,569

Burden, Barry C., Gregory A. Caldeira, and Tim Groseclose, Measuring the Ideologies of U.S. Senators: The Song Remains the Same XXV,237

Burgin, Eileen, Representatives' Decisions on Participation in Foreign Policy Issues XVI,521

Burkhart, Simone, and Philip Manow, Legislative Self-Restraint under Divided Government in Germany , 1976-2002 XXXII,167

Burrell, Barbara, Women Candidates in Open-Seat Primaries for the U.S. House: 1968-1990 XVII,493

Butler, Daniel M., The Effect of the Size of Voting Blocs on Incumbents' Roll-Call Voting and the Asymmetric Polarization of Congress XXXIV, 297

Button, James, and David Hedge, Legislative Life in the 1990s: A Comparison of Black and White State Legislators XXI,199

C
Cain, Bruce E., and J. Vincent Buck, British MPs in Their Constituencies XV,127

Cain, Bruce E., and Janet Campagna, Predicting Partisan Redistricting Disputes XII,265

Cain, Bruce E., John A. Ferejohn, and Morris P. Fiorina, The House is Not a Home: British MPs and Their Constituencies IV,499

Calabrese, Stephen, Multimember District Congressional Elections XXV,611

The Calculus of Cosponsorship in the U.S. Senate, Brian M. Harward and Kenneth W. Moffett XXXV, 117

Caldeira, Gregory A., and Samuel C. Patterson, Contextual Influences on Participation in U.S. State Legislative Elections VII,359

Caldeira, Gregory A., and Samuel C. Patterson, Standing Up for Congress: Variations in Public Esteem Since the 1960s XV,25

Caldeira, Gregory A., Barry C. Burden., and Tim Groseclose, Measuring the Ideologies of U.S. Senators: The Song Remains the Same XXV,237

Caldeira, Gregory A., John A. Clark, and Samuel C. Patterson, Political Respect in the Legislature XVIII,3

Calvo, Ernesto, Mark P. Jones, Noah Kaplan, and Eduardo Alemán, Comparing Cosponsorship and Roll-Call Ideal Points XXXIV, 87

Cameron, Charles, William Howell, Scott Adler, and Charles Riemann,  Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress 1945-94 XXV,285

Campagna, Janet C., Bias and Responsiveness in the Seat-Vote Relationship XVI,81

Campagna, Janet C., and Bruce E. Cain, Predicting Partisan Redistricting Disputes XII,265

Campaign Expenditures and Legislative Elections in Florida, Michael W. Giles and Anita Pritchard X,71

Campaign Finance in New York Senate Elections, Jeffrey M. Stonecash. XV,247

Campaign Spending in U.S. Senate Elections, Alan I. Abramowitz XIV,487

Campaign War Chests and Challenger Quality in Senate Elections, Jay Goodliffe XXXII,135

Campbell, Colin, and Harold D. Clarke, Editors' Introduction: The Contemporary Canadian Legislative System III,529

Campbell, Colin, and Allan Kornberg, Parliament in Canada: A Decade of Published Research III,555

Campbell, James E., Cosponsoring Legislation in the U.S. Congress VII,415

Campbell, James E., John R. Alford, and Keith Henry, Television Markets and Congressional Elections IX,665

Campbell, Stanley, and Jean Laporte, The Staff of the Parliamentary Assemblies in France VI,521

Can We Learn the Causes of Congressional Decisions from Roll-Call Data? Peter M. VanDoren XV,311

Candidacies and Competitiveness in Multimember Districts, Richard G. Niemi, Simon Jackman, and Laura R. Winsky XVI,91

Candidate Visibility in France and the United States, Roy Pierce and Philip E. Converse VI,339

Candidates, Campaigns, or Partisan Conditions? Reevaluating Strategic-Politicians Theory, Scott J. Basinger and Michael J. Ensley XXXII,361

Candidates, Issues, and Participation in Senate Elections, Lyn Ragsdale and Jerrold G. Rusk XX,305

Candidates' Policy Positions and Voting in U.S. Congressional Elections, Gerald C. Wright, Jr. III,445

Candidates, Votes, Outcomes: A Method for Evaluating Nomination Strategies in MMD/SNTV Electoral Systems, Dennis Patterson XXXIV,273

Canes-Wrone, Brandice, William Minozzi, and Jessica Bonney Reveley, Issue Accountability and the Mass Public XXXVI, 5

Canon, David T., Electoral Systems and the Representation of Minority Interests in Legislatures XXIV,331

Canon, David T., The Institutionalization of Leadership in the U.S. Congress XIV,415

Canon, David T., and David J. Sousa, Party System Change and Political Career Structures in the U.S. Congress XVII,347

Cantor, David M., and Paul S. Herrnson, Party Campaign Activity and Party Unity in the U.S. House of Representatives XXII,393

Career Intentions and Electoral Performance of Members of the U.S. House, James L. Payne VII,93

Career Opportunities and Membership Stability in Legislatures, Peverill Squire XIII,65

Carey, John M., and Gina Yannitell Reinhardt, State-Level Institutional Effects on Legislative Coalition Unity in Brazil XXIX,23

Carey, John M., Frantisek Formanek, and Ewa Karpowicz, Legislative Autonomy in New Regimes: The Czech and Polish Cases XXIV,569

Carey, John M., Richard G. Niemi, and Lynda W. Powell, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures XXIII,271

Carey, John M., Richard Niemi, Lynda W. Powell, and Gary F. Moncrief, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures: A New Survey of the 50 States XXXI, 105

Carnes, Nicholas, Does the Numerical Underrepresentation of the Working Class in Congress Matter? XXXVII, 5

Carroll, John J., and Arthur English, 'Rules of the Game' in Ephemeral Institutions: U.S. State Constitutional Conventions VI,305

Carroll, Royce, Gary W. Cox, and Mónica Pachón, How Parties Create Electoral Democracy, Chapter 2 XXXI, 153

Carroll, Royce, Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, Keith T. Poole, and Howard Rosenthal, Comparing NOMINATE and Ideal: Points of Difference and Monte Carlo Tests XXXIV, 555

Carrubba, Clifford, Matthew Gabel, and Simon Hug, Legislative Voting Behavior, Seen and Unseen: A Theory of Roll-Call Vote Selection XXXIII,543

Carson, Jamie L., Jeffery A. Jenkins, and Michael H. Crespin, Parties as Procedural Coalitions in Congress: An Examination of Differing Career Tracks XXX,365

Carson, Jamie L., Michael H. Crespin, Carrie P. Eaves, and Emily Wanless, Constituency Congruency and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections XXXVI, 461

Casellas, Jason P., The Institutional and Demographic Determinants of Latino Representation in U.S. State Legislatures XXXIV,399

Casework and Institutional Design: Redeeming Promises in the Promised Land, Eric M. Uslaner X,35

Casework as a Technique of U.S. Congressional Oversight of the Executive, John R. Johannes IV,325

Cassie, William, and Joel A. Thompson, Party and PAC Contributions to North Carolina Legislative Candidates XVII,409

Cassie, William, Gary Moncrief, and Joel A. Thompson, Revisiting the State of U.S. State Legislative Research XXI,301

The Caucus Reelection Requirement and the Transformation of House Committee Chairs, 1959-94, Fiona M. Wright, XXV,469

Cayrol, Roland, Jean-Luc Parodi, and Colette Ysmal, French Deputies and the Political System I,67

Celebration and Persuasion: Reflections on the Cultural Evolution of Medieval Consultation, Thomas N. Bisson VII,181

The Central Concepts in Fenno's Committee Studies, Steven S. Smith XI,5

Chaisty, Paul, Defending the Institutional Status Quo: Communist Leadership of the Second Russian State Duma, 1996-99 XXVIII,5

Challenger Quality and Voting Behavior in U.S. Senate Elections, Peverill Squire XVII,247

Challengers in U.S. Senate Elections, Peverill Squire XIV,531

Challenges to Economic Orthodoxy and Parliamentary Sovereignty in 18th Century Sweden, Michael F. Metcalf VII,251

Champagne, Richard A., Conditions for Realignment in the U.S. Senate, or What Makes the Steamroller Start? VIII,231

Changes in Professionalism in U.S. State Legislatures, James D. King XXV,327

The Changing Face of the British House of Commons in the 1970s, Philip Norton V,333

Changing Horses in Midstream: Party Changers in the Turkish National Assembly,
Ilter Turan X,21

Changes in the Election of Women to U.S. State Legislative Seats, Carol Nechemias XII,125

Changes in Legislative Support for the Governor's Program Over Time, Thad E. Hall XXVII,107

Changing Motives for Committee Preferences of New Members of the U.S. House, Steven S. Smith and Christopher J. Deering VIII, 271

Changing Patterns of Female Recruitment to the U.S. House of Representatives, Irwin N. Gertzog IV, 429

Changing Procedures and Changing Strategies in Dutch Coalition Building, Hans Daalder XI, 507

Changing the Guard in the U.S. Senate, Roger H. Davidson and Walter J. Oleszek IX, 635

Characteristics of Press Coverage in Senate and Gubernatorial Elections: Information Available to Voters, Kim Fridkin Kahn XX, 23

Charlot, Jean, Representation in France: The Responsible Party Model XII, 237

Chee, Chan Heng, The Role of Parliamentary Politicians in Singapore I, 423

Chi-Hung, Chu, Ethnicity, Partisanship, and Legislative Activity in Malaysia I,551

China's National People's Congress: Reform and Its Limits, Kevin J. O'Brien XIII, 343

Choosing to Run: Why House Members Seek Election to the Senate, Gary W. Copeland XIV, 549

Citizens, Structures, and Sister States: Influences on State Legislative Professionalism, Christopher Z. Mooney XX, 47

Civil Rights Support: A Comparison of Southern and Border State Representatives, Mary Alice Nye and Charles S. Bullock III  XVII, 81

Clarence Thomas and the Politicization of Candidate Gender in the 1992 Senate Elections, Thomas P. Kim XXIII, 399

Clark, John A., Samuel C. Patterson, and Gregory A. Caldeira, Political Respect in the Legislature XVIII, 3

Clarke, Harold D., Determinants of Provincial Constituency Service Behaviour: A Multivariate Analysis III,601

Clarke, Harold D., and Colin Campbell, Editors' Introduction: The Contemporary Canadian Legislative System III,529

Clarke, Harold D., and Allan Kornberg, Do National Elections Affect Perceptions of MP Responsiveness? A Note on the Canadian Case XVII,183

Clarke, Harold D., and Richard G. Price, Parliamentary Experience and Representational Role Orientations in Canada VI, 373

Clarke, Wes, Divided Government and Budget Conflict in the U.S. States XXIII,5

Clausen, Aage R., The Accuracy of Leader Perceptions of Constituency Views II, 361

Clausen, Aage R., and Clyde Wilcox, The Dimensionality of Roll-Call Voting Reconsidered XVI, 393

Clausen, Aage R., and Clyde Wilcox, Policy Partisanship in Legislative Leadership Recruitment and Behavior XII, 243

Clayton, Kathleen M., and James C. Garand, Socialization to Partisanship in the U.S. House: The Speaker's Task Force XI, 409

Clinton, Joshua D., and Simon Jackman, To Simulate or NOMINATE? XXXIV, 593

Clinton, Joshua D., and John Lapinski Laws and Roll Calls in the U.S. Congress, 1891–1994 XXXIII, 511

Closing Military Bases (Finally): Solving Collective Dilemmas Through Delegation, Kenneth R. Mayer XX,393

Clubb, Jerome M., William H. Flanigan, Peter Granda, Nancy H. Zingale, and Erik W. Austin, Electoral Participation in the United States, 1968-86 XVI,145

Clucas, Richard A., The Effect of Campaign Contributions on the Power of the California Assembly Speaker XIX,417

Clucas, Richard A., Legislative Leadership and Campaign Support in California XVII,265

Clucas, Richard A., Party Contributions and the Influence of Campaign Committee Chairs on Roll-Call Voting XXII,179

Clucas, Richard A., Principal-Agent Theory and the Power of State House Speakers, XXVI,319

Coats, R. Morris, and Thomas R. Dalton, A Note on the Cost of Standing for the British Parliament: 1852-1880 XVII,585

The Co-Decision Procedure in the European Union, Christophe Crombez XXII,97

Cohen, Debra, Pauline Gasdow Brennan, and Timothy J. Flanagan, Crime Control Ideology Among New York State Legislators XVIII,411

Cohen, Jeffrey E., The Impact of the Modern Presidency on Presidential Success in the U.S. Congress VII,515

Cohen, Jeffrey E., Perceptions of Electoral Insecurity Among Members Holding Safe Seats in a U.S. State Legislature IX,365

Cohen, Jeffrey E., Jon R. Bond, Richard Fleisher, and John A. Hamman, State-Level Presidential Approval and Senatorial Support  XXV, 577

Cohen, Lenard J., Politics as an Avocation: Legislative Professionalization and Participation in Yugoslavia V, 175

Cohort Effects and the Incumbency Advantage, Eric McGhee XXXIII, 113

Collective Representation Reappraised, Patricia A. Hurley VII, 119

Collie, Melissa P., Electoral Patterns and Voting Alignments in the U.S. House, 1886-1986 XIV, 107

Collie, Melissa P., The Legislature and Distributive Policy Making in Formal Perspective XIII, 427

Collie, Melissa P., The Rise of Coalition Politics: Voting in the U.S. House, 1933-1980 XIII, 321

Collie, Melissa P., Voting Behavior in Legislatures IX, 3

The Color of Their Skin or the Content of Their Behavior: Race and Perceptions of African American Legislators, Kerry L. Haynie XXVII, 295

Coman, Emanuel Emil, Legislative Behavior in Romania: The Effect of the 2008 Romanian Electoral Reform XXXVII, 199

Comer, John, and Harry Basehart, Partisan and Incumbent Effects in State Legislative Redistricting XVI, 65

Committee Assignments in the U.S. Senate, James W. Endersby and Karen M. McCurdy XXI, 219

Committee Membership Turnover in the Colombian National Congress, 1958-1974, Harvey F. Kline II, 29

Committee Outliers in State Legislatures, L. Marvin Overby, Thomas A. Kazee, and David W. Prince XXIX, 81

Committee Size in the U.S. Congress, Bruce A. Ray and Steven S. Smith IX, 679

Communicating to the Courts and Beyond: Why Members of Congress Participate as Amici Curiae, Rorie L. Spill Solberg and Eric S. Heberlig XXIX, 591  

Communist Successor Parties and Coalition Formation in Eastern Europe , James N. Druckman and Andrew Roberts XXXII, 5

A Comparative Analysis of Speaker Career Patterns in U.S. State Legislatures, Patricia K. Freeman XX, 365

Comparing Committee and Floor Preferences, John Londregan and James M. Snyder, Jr. XIX,233

Comparing Constituency Activity by Junior Legislators in Great Britain and Ireland, David M. Wood and Garry Young XXII, 217

Comparing Contributions to U.S. House Members from Outside Their Districts, Janet Grenzke XIII,83

Comparing Cosponsorship and Roll-Call Ideal Points, Eduardo Alemán, Ernesto Calvo, Mark P. Jones, and Noah Kaplan XXXIV, 87

Comparing Legislative Studies Groups in Three States, Gary Keith VI, 69

Comparing Members' Perceptions with 'Objective' Data on Legislative Activity, Patricia K. Freeman VIII, 481

Comparing NOMINATE and Ideal: Points of Difference and Monte Carlo Tests, Royce Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, Keith T. Poole, and Howard Rosenthal XXXIV, 555

Comparing Parliamentary Voting on European Issues in France and Britain, David M. Wood VII,101

Comparing Senate and House Electoral Outcomes: The Exposure Thesis, Richard W. Waterman XV,99

Comparing the Representativeness of Parliaments, Gerhard Loewenberg and Chong Lim Kim III,27

Competition and Uncontested Seats in U.S. Senate Elections, Peverill Squire XIV,281

Competition in State Legislative Primaries, Craig H. Grau VI,35

Computerized Information Technology in the U.S. House of Representatives, Stephen E. Frantzich IV,255

Concepts of Representation Among Female and Male State Legislators, Beth Reingold XVII,509

Concordance and Projection in Citizen Perceptions of Congressional Roll-Call Behavior, J. Matthew Wilson and Paul Gronke XXV,445

Conditions for Realignment in the U.S. Senate, or What Makes the Steamroller Start? Richard A. Champagne VIII,231

Conference Committees, Sophisticated Voting, and Cyclical Majorities, Donald A. Gross IV,79

Conflict and Perceived Group Benefits from Legislative Rules Changes, Ronald D. Hedlund and Keith E. Hamm I,181

Conflict of Interest in Britain and the United States: An Institutional Argument, Michael M. Atkinson and Maureen Mancuso XVI,471

The Congress as Research Arena: An Uneasy Partnership Between History and Political Science, Heinz Eulau XVIII,569

Congress at the Bicentennial: A Comment, Brian D. Humes XIV,135

Congress at the Bicentennial: A Comment, Joel E. Silbey XIV,129

Congress, the President, and the Commitment of the U.S. Military, James Meernik XX,377

Congressional and State Legislative Roll-Call Studies by U.S. Historians, Joel H. Silbey VI,597

Congressional Attitudes and Voting Behavior: An Examination of Support for Social Welfare, Edith J. Barrett and Fay Lomax Cook XVI,375

Congressional Campaign Style in Illinois and Michigan, Andrew D. McNitt X,267

Congressional Career Patterns and Party Systems, Robert G. Brookshire and Dean F. Duncan III VIII,65

Congressional Committee Leadership, 1971-1978, Joseph K. Unekis and Leroy N. Rieselbach VIII,251

Congressional Committees as Moving Targets, Roger H. Davidson XI,19

Congressional Frequent Flyers: Demand and Supply Side Explanations for Privately-Sponsored Travel, Beth A. Rosenson XXXIV,245

Congressional Incumbency and the Rise of Split-Ticket Voting, Richard Born  XXV,365

Congressional Leadership 1965-96: A New Look at the Extremism versus Centrality Debate, Bernard Grofman, William Koetzle, and Anthony J. McGann XXVII,87

Congressional Losers in the U.S. Federal Spending Process, Bruce A. Ray V,359

Congressional Oversight: The Case of the Clean Air Act, Michael J. Scicchitano XI,393

Congressional Party Defection in American History, Timothy P. Nokken and Keith T. Poole XXIX,545

Congressional Party Leadership: Utilitarian versus Majoritarian Incentives, Kathleen Bawn XXIII,219

Congressional Performance, Incumbent Behavior, and Voting in Senate Elections, Monika L. McDermott and David R. Jones  XXX,235

Congressional Responsiveness to Redistricting Induces Constituency Change: An Extension to the 1990s, Christine Leveaux-Sharpe XXVI,275

Congressional Vote Option, David C. King and Richard J. Zeckhauser XXVIII,387

Connecting Descriptive and Substantive Representation: An Analysis of Sex Differences in Cosponsorship Activity in the House of Representatives, Michele L. Swers XXX,407

The Consequences of Electoral Institutions for Careerism, Philip D. Habel  XXXIII,471

Consequences of Legislative Review of Agency Regulations in Three U.S. States, Marcus E. Ethridge IX,161

Conservative Coalition Support in the House of Representatives: 1963-1988, Mary Alice Nye XVIII,255

Consistency Between Committee and Floor Voting in U.S. State Legislatures, Keith E. Hamm VII,473

Constituency Congruency and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections, Jamie L. Carson, Michael H. Crespin, Carrie P. Eaves, and Emily Wanless XXXVI, 461

Constituency Demands and Legislative Support: An Experiment, Michael L. Mezey I,101

Constituency Influence in Congress: Does Subconstituency Matter? Benjamin G. Bishon XXV,389

Constituency Influence on House Roll-Call Votes in the Progressive Era, 1913-1915, Eileen Lorenzi McDonagh XVIII,185

Constituency Linkage of National Legislators in India, Shriram Maheshwari I,331

Constituency Opinion, Ross Perot, and Roll-Call Behavior in the U.S. House: The Case of the NAFTA, David B. Holian, Timothy B. Krebs, and Michael H. Walsh XXII,369

Constituency Population and Representation in the U.S. Senate, John R. Hibbing and John R. Alford XV,581

Constituency Preferences: California Ballot Propositions, 1974–90, James M. Snyder, Jr. XXI,465

Constituency Representation in Korea: Sources and Consequences, Chan Wook Park XIII,225

Constituency Service Among Sub-National Legislators in Australia and Canada, John Halligan, Robert Krause, Robert Williams, and Geoffrey Hawker XIII,49

Constituency-Level Competition in the U.S. States 1968–1988: A Pooled Analysis, Emily Van Dunk and Ronald E. Weber XXII,141

Constituent Orientation Among Malaysian State Legislators, M.C. Kumbhat and Y.M. Marican I,389

Constituents and Legislators: Learning About the Persian Gulf War Resolution, R. Michael Alvarez and Paul Gronke XXI,105

Constitutional-Electoral Reforms and Politics in Singapore, Hussin Mutalib XXVII,659

The Constitutional Prescription of Parliamentary Procedures in Gaullist France, William G. Andrews III,465

Contested and Uncontested Primaries for the U.S. House, Harvey L. Schantz V,545

Contextual Influences on Participation in U.S. State Legislative Elections, Gregory A. Caldeira and Samuel C. Patterson VII,359

The Continuing Search for Party Influence in Congress: A View from the Committees, Daniel S. Ward XVIII,211

The Contribution of Comparative Research to Measuring the Policy Preferences of Legislators, Gerhard Loewenberg XXXIII, 501

Converse, Philip E., and Roy Pierce, Candidate Visibility in France and the United States VI,339

Converse, Philip E., and Roy Pierce, Representative Roles and Legislative Behavior in France IV,525

Cook, Fay Lomax, and Edith J. Barrett, Congressional Attitudes and Voting Behavior: An Examination of Support for Social Welfare XVI,375

Cook, Timothy E., House Members as Newsmakers: The Effects of Televising Congress XI,203

Cook, Timothy E., Legislature vs. Legislator: A Note on the Paradox of Congressional Support IV,43

Coombs, Kevin, Nancy Martorano, Keith E. Hamm, and Ronald D. Hedlund, Partisan Stacking on Legislative Committees XXXIV,175

Cooper, Joseph, and Riccardo Pelizzo, Stability in Parliamentary Regimes: The Italian Case XXVII,163

Cooper, Joseph, and Cheryl D. Young, Bill Introduction in the Nineteenth Century: A Study of Institutional Change XIV,67

Cooper, Joseph, Patricia A. Hurley, and David W. Brady, Measuring Legislative Potential for Policy Change II,385

Cooper, Joseph, Patricia A. Hurley, and David W. Brady, The Decline of Party in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1887-1968 IV,381

Cope, Esther S., Public Images of Parliament During Its Absence VII,221

Copeland, Gary W., Choosing to Run: Why House Members Seek Election to the Senate XIV,549

Copeland, Gary w., the House Says 'No' to Public Financing of Congressional Campaigns IX,487

Corbetta, Renato, and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer, Gender Turnover and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIX,215

Correlates and Effects of Attention to District by U.S. House Members, Glenn R. Parker and Suzanne L. Parker X,223

Cosponsoring Legislation in the U.S. Congress, James E. Campbell VII,415

Cosponsorship in the U.S. Congress, Rick K. Wilson and Cheryl D. Young XXII,25

Costantini, Edmond, and Charles Dannehl, Party Registration and Party Vote: Democratic Fall-Off in Legislative Elections XVIII,29

The Costs of Control: Legislators, Agencies, and Transaction Costs, John D. Huber and Charles R. Shipan XXV,25

Couyoumdjian, Juan Pablo, and John Benedict Londregan, Cultivating Votes in Rural Chile XXXVII, 355

Cover, Albert D., and George Serra, The Electoral Consequences of Perquisite Use: The Casework Case XVII,233

Covington, Cary R., Mobilizing Congressional Support for the President: Insights from the 1960s XII,77

Cox, Gary W., Agenda Setting in the U.S. House: A Majority-Party Monopoly? XXVI,185

Cox, Gary W., Electoral Rules and the Calculus of Mobilization XXIV,387

Cox, Gary W., On the Effects of Legislative Rules XXV,169

Cox, Gary W., and Mathew D. McCubbins, Bonding, Structure, and the Stability of Political Parties: Party Government in the House XIX,215

Cox, Gary W., and Mathew D. McCubbins, On the Decline of Party Voting in Congress XVI,547

Cox, Gary W., and Scott Morgenstern, The Increasing Advantage of Incumbency in the U.S. States XVIII,495

Cox, Gary W., and Scott Morgenstern, The Incumbency Advantage in Multimember Districts: Evidence from the U.S. States XX,329

Cox, Gary W., and William C. Terry,  Legislative Productivity in the 93d–105th Congresses XXXIII, 603

Cox, Gary W., William B. Heller, and Mathew D. McCubbins, Agenda Power in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, 1988-2000 XXXIII,171

Cox, Gary W., Mónica Pachón, and Royce Carroll, How Parties Create Electoral Democracy, Chapter 2 XXXI, 153

Cremona, Rachel K., Thomas L. Brunell, and Christopher J. Anderson, Descriptive Representation, District Demography, and Attitudes toward Congress among African Americans XXXIII,223

Crespin, Michael H., Jamie L. Carson, and Jeffery A. Jenkins, Parties as Procedural Coalitions in Congress: An Examination of Differing Career Tracks XXX,365

Crespin, Michael H., Carrie P. Eaves, Emily Wanless, and Jamie L. Carson, Constituency Congruency and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections XXXVI, 461

Crime Control Ideology Among New York State Legislators, Timothy J. Flanagan, Debra Cohen, and Pauline Gasdow Brennan XVIII,411

Crisp, Brian F., and Felipe Botero, Multicountry Studies of Latin American Legislatures: A Review Article XXIX,329

Crisp, Brian F., and Amanda Driscoll, The Strategic Use of Legislative Voting Procedures XXXVII, 67

Crisp, Brian F., and Rachael E. Ingall, Determinants of Home Style: The Many Incentives for Going Home in Colombia XXVI,487

Crisp, Brian F., Scott W. Desposato, and Matthew C. Kearney,Using Cosponsorship to Estimate Ideal Points XXXVI, 531

Crombez, Christophe, The Co-Decision Procedure in the European Union XXII,97

Cromwell, Valerie, Mapping the Political World of 1861: A Multidimensional Analysis of House of Commons' Division Lists VII,281

Crowe, Edward, The Web of Authority: Party Loyalty and Social Control in the British House of Commons XI,161

Crowley, Jocelyn Elise, When Tokens Matter XXIX,109

Cultivating Votes in Rural Chile, Juan Pablo Couyoumdjian and John Benedict Londregan XXXVII, 355

The Cultural Roots of a New Legislature: Public Perceptions of the Korean National Assembly, Chong Lim Kim and Gerhard Loewenberg I,371

Currinder, Marian L., Leadership PAC Contribution Strategies and House Member Ambitions XXVIII,551

Curry, James M., and Paul S. Herrnson, Issue Voting and Partisan Defections in Congressional Elections XXXVI, 281

Czar Rule in the Russian Congress of People’s Deputies? Mikhail G. Myagkov and D. Roderick Kiewiet XXI,5

D
D-NOMINATE After 10 Years: A Comparative Update to Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll-Call Voting, Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal, XXVI,5

Daalder, Hans, Changing Procedures and Changing Strategies in Dutch Coalition Building XI,507

Dalton, Thomas R., and R. Morris Coats, A Note on the Cost of Standing for the British Parliament: 1852-1880 XVII,585

Damgaard, Erik, The Function of Parliament in the Danish Political System: Results of Recent Research V,101

Dancing with the One Who Brought You: The Allocation and Impact of Party Giving to State Legislators, David L. Schecter and David M Hedge XXVI,437

Dannehl, Charles, and Edmond Costantini, Party Registration and Party Vote: Democratic Fall-Off in Legislative Elections XVIII,29

Davidson, Roger H., Congressional Committees as Moving Targets XI,19

Davidson, Roger H., Multiple Referral of Legislation in the U.S. Senate XIV,375

Davidson, Roger H., The Advent of the Modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 XV,357

Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek, Adaptation and Consolidation: Structural Innovation in the U.S. House of Representatives I,37

Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek, Changing the Guard in the U.S. Senate IX,635

Davidson, Roger H., and Glenn R. Parker, Why Do Americans Love Their Congressmen So Much More Than Their Congress? IV,53

Davidson, Roger H., Walter J. Oleszek, and Thomas Kephart, One Bill, Many Committees: Multiple Referrals in the U.S. House of Representatives XIII,3

Dawes, Roy A., and A. Hunter Bacot, Electoral Career Patterns and Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIII,575

The Decision to Run for the U.S. Congress: Challenger Attitudes in the 1970s, Thomas A. Kazee V,79

The Decline of Party in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1887-1968, David W. Brady, Joseph Cooper, and Patricia A. Hurley IV,381

Decomposing the Sources of Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House, Steven D. Levitt and Catherine D. Wolfram XXII,45

Deering, Christopher J., Subcommittee Government in the U.S. House: An Analysis of Bill Management VII,533

Deering, Christopher J., and Steven S. Smith, Changing Motives for Committee Preferences of New Members of the U.S. House VIII,271

Defending the Institutional Status Quo: Communist Leadership of the Second Russian State Duma, 1996-99, Paul Chaisy XXVIII,5

Deference, Extremism, and Interest Group Ratings, Keith Krehbiel XIX,61

Deferred Gratification and Minority Governments in Scandinavia, Kaare Strøm XI,583

DeGregorio, Christine, Professionals in the U.S. Congress: An Analysis of Working Styles XIII,459

DeGregorio, Christine, and Kevin Snider, Leadership Appeal in the U.S. House of Representatives: Comparing Officeholders and Aides XX,491

Delegation and Defensive Legislative Strategies in Brazil, Sylvia Gaylord XXXV, 5

Delegation Dilemmas: Coalition Size, Electoral Risk, and Regulatory Governance in New Democracies, Marcus André Melo, Carlos Pereira, and Heitor Werneck XXXV, 31

“Deliberative Disagreement” in U.S. Health Policy Committee Hearings, Kevin M. Esterling XXXVI, 169

Della Sala, Vincent, The Permanent Committees of the Italian Chamber of Deputies: Parliament at Work? XVIII,157

Den Hartog, Chris, and Nathan W. Monroe, The Value of Majority Status: The Effect of Jeffords's Switch on Asset Prices of Republican and Democratic Firms XXXIII,63

DeRidder, Martine M., and Robert L. Peterson, Government Formation as a Policy-Making Arena XI,565

DeRidder, Martine M., Robert L. Peterson, and Rex Wirth, Images of Belgian Politics: The Effects of Cleavages on the Political System III,83

Descriptive Representation, District Demography, and Attitudes toward Congress among African Americans, Thomas L. Brunell, Christopher J. Anderson, and Rachel K. Cremona XXXIII,223

Desposato, Scott W., Book Review: The Handbook of National Legislatures XXXVII, 389

Desposato, Scott W., The Impact of Federalism on National Party Cohesion in Brazil XXIX,259

Desposato, Scott W., Legislative Politics in Authoritarian Brazil XXVI,287

Desposato, Scott  W., Matthew C. Kearney, and Brian F. Crisp, Using Cosponsorship to Estimate Ideal Points XXXVI, 531

Determinants of Aggregate Party Cohesion in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1901-1956, Barbara Deckard Sinclair II,155

Determinants of Candidate Emergence in U.S. House Elections: An Exploratory Study, L. Sandy Maisel and Walter J. Stone XXII,79

Determinants of Home Style: The Many Incentives for Going Home in Colombia, Rachael E. Ingall and Brian F. Crisp XXVI,487

Determinants of Provincial Constituency Service Behaviour: A Multivariate Analysis, Harold D. Clarke III,601

The Deterrent Effect of Incumbency on Recruiting Challengers in U.S. House Elections, Thomas A. Kazee VIII,469

The Development of Parliamentary Oversight in Bangladesh: A Research Note, Nizam Ahmed and Shahnaz Khan XX,573

The Development of Parliamentary Parties in Russia, Thomas F. Remington and Steven S. Smith XX,457

The Development of Special Orders and Special Rules in the U.S. House, 1881-1937, Jason M. Roberts XXXV, 307

Di Palma, Giuseppe, Institutional Rules and Legislative Outcomes in the Italian Parliament I,147

Dierickx, Guido, Ideological Oppositions and Consociational Attitudes in the Belgian Parliament III,133

Different Houses: The Distribution of Earmarks in the U.S. House and Senate, Jeffrey Lazarus and Amy Steigerwalt XXXIV,347

Dilger, Robert Jay, George A. Krause, and Randolph R. Moffett, State Legislative Professionalism and Gubernatorial Effectiveness: 1978-1991 XX,553

The Dimensionality of Roll-Call Voting Reconsidered, Clyde Wilcox and Aage Clausen XVI,393

DiNardo, John, Thomas L. Brunell, William Koetzle, Bernard Grofman, and Scott L. Feld, The R2=.93: Where Then Do They Differ? Comparing Liberal and Conservative Interest Group Ratings XXIV,87

Directional and Euclidean Theories of Voting Behavior: A Legislative Comparison, Glenn Platt, Keith T. Poole, and Howard Rosenthal XVII,561

Disentangling the Relationship Between Legislative Professionalism and Government Spending, Neil Malhotra  XXXIII,387

Dissent in the British House of Commons: Rejoinder to Franklin, Baxter, Jordan, Philip Norton XII,143

Dissent in the British House of Commons: Response to Norton's Rejoinder, Mark N. Franklin, Alison Baxter, and Margaret Jordan XII,152

Distinguishing Between Influences on Brazilian Legislative Behavior, Cesar Zucco Jr. and Benjamin E. Lauderdale XXXVI, 363

The Distribution of Casework in the U.S. Congress: An Uneven Burden, John R. Johannes V,517

The Distribution of Senate Committee Positions: Change or More of the Same? Laura W. Arnold XXVI,227

The Distributive Politics of Cold War Defense Spending: Some State Level Evidence, Barry Rundquist, Jeong-Hwa Lee, and Jungho Rhee XXI,265

District Magnitude's Effect on Female Representation in U.S. State Legislatures, Richard E. Matland and Deborah Dwight Brown XVII,469

Divided Government and Budget Conflict in the U.S. States, Wes Clarke XXIII,5

Divided Government and Congressional Investigations, Douglas Kriner and Liam Schwartz XXXIII,295

Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress 1945-94, William Howell,  Scott Adler, Charles Cameron, and Charles Riemann,  XXV,285

Divided Parties, Divided Government, Michael Laver XXIV,5

Divided We Quarrel: The Politics of Congressional Investigations, 1947-2004, David C.W. Parker and Matthew Dull XXXIV,319

Dixon, Donald R., and Gregory S. Thielemann, Explaining Contributions: Rational Contributors and the Elections for the 71st Texas House XIX,495

D-NOMINATE After 10 Years: A Comparative Update to Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll-Call Voting, Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal, XXVI,5

Do By-Elections Constitute Referenda? A Four-Country Comparison, Frank B. Feigert and Pippa Norris XV,183

Do Multimember Districts Lead to Free-Riding?, James M. Snyder, Jr.and Michiko Ueda XXXII,649

Do National Elections Affect Perceptions of MP Responsiveness? A Note on the Canadian Case, Harold D. Clarke and Allan Kornberg XVII,183

Does the Numerical Underrepresentation of the Working Class in Congress Matter? Nicholas Carnes XXXVII, 5

Domestic Agenda Setting, 1947–1994, Andrew J. Taylor XXIII,373

Donnay, Patrick D., and Graham P. Ramsden, Public Financing of Legislative Elections: Lessons from Minnesota XX,351

Döring, Herbert, Parliamentary Agenda Control and Legislative Outcomes in Western Europe XXVI,145

Doyle, Richard B., Partisanship and Oversight of Agency Rules in Idaho XI,109

Driscoll, Amanda, and Brian F. Crisp, The Strategic Use of Legislative Voting Procedures XXXVII, 67

Druckman, James N., and Andrew Roberts, Communist Successor Parties and Coalition Formation in Eastern Europe XXXII,5

Druckman, James N., Lanny W. Martin, and Michael F. Thies, Influence Without Confidence: Upper Chambers and Government Formation XXX,529

Dull, Matthew M., and David C.W. Parker, Divided We Quarrel: The Politics of Congressional Investigations, 1947-2004 XXXIV,319

Duncan, Dean F., III, and Robert G. Brookshire, Congressional Career Patterns and Party Systems VIII,65

Durant, Robert F., and William A. Taggart, Home Style of a U.S. Senator: A Longitudinal Analysis X,489

Dwyre, Diana, Spinning Straw into Gold: Soft Money and U.S. House Elections XXI,409

Dynamics of Congressional Loyalty: Party Defection and Roll-Call Behavior, 1947-97, Timothy P. Nokken,  XXV,.417

The Dynasty Advantage: Family Ties in Congressional Elections, Brian D. Feinstein XXXV,571

E
Early Republican Retirement: A Cause of Democratic Dominance in the House of Representatives,
John B. Gilmour and Paul Rothstein XVIII,345

Eaves, Carrie P., Emily Wanless, James L. Carson, and Michael H. Crespin, Constituency Congruency and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections XXXVI, 461

Economic Influences on Elections to the U.S. Congress, John R. Owens. IX,123

Economic Polarization and Cabinet Formation in Western Europe, John D. Robertson XI,533

The Economic Sources of Congressional Approval, Thomas J. Rudolph XXVII,577

Editor's Introduction: Communist Legislatures and Communist Politics, Daniel N. Nelson V,161

Editor's Introduction: Congress at the Bicentennial, Charles O. Jones XIV,1

Editors' Introduction: The Contemporary Canadian Legislative System, Colin Campbell and Harold D. Clarke III,529

Editors' Introduction: Electing the U.S. Senate, John R. Alford and Bruce I. Oppenheimer XV,469

Editors' Introduction: Formal Models of Legislatures, Kenneth A. Shepsle and Barry R. Weingast XIX,145

Editors' Introduction: Hendricks Symposium Papers on Internal Operations of the U.S. Senate, John R. Hibbing and John G. Peters XIV,309

Editors' Introduction: Hendricks Symposium Papers on Senate Elections and Representation, John R. Hibbing and John G. Peters XIV,461

Editors' Introduction: Mass Media in Legislative Campaigns, Edie N. Goldenberg and Michael W. Traugott XII,313

Editors' Introduction: New Directions in Coalition Research, Eric C. Browne and Mark N. Franklin XI,469

Editor's Introduction: The Parliamentary Politician in Asia, W.H. Morris-Jones I,283

Editor's Introduction: The Role of European Parliaments in Managing Social Conflict, Gerhard Loewenberg III,1

Editor's Introduction: State Legislative Elections, Malcolm E. Jewell XVI,1

Editor's Introduction: The State of U.S. State Legislative Research, Malcolm E. Jewell VI,1

Editor's Introduction: Studies in the History of Parliaments, John Bell Henneman VII,161

Editors' Introduction: Toward a New Model of Legislative Representation, Malcolm E. Jewell and Gerhard Loewenberg IV,485

The Effect of Black Population on Electing Democrats and Liberals to the House of Representatives, Bernard Grofman, Robert Griffin, and Amihai Glazer XVII,365

The Effect of Campaign Contributions on the Power of the California Assembly Speaker, Richard A. Clucas XIX,417

The Effect of Dominant and Central Parties on Cabinet Composition and Durability, Peter van Roozendaal XVII,5

The Effect of Energy Politics on Congressional and Executive Organization in the 1970s, Charles O. Jones and Randall Strahan X,151

The Effect of Incumbency on State Legislative Elections, Malcolm E. Jewell and David Breaux XIII,495

The Effect of Membership Stability on Continuity and Experience in U.S. State Legislative Committees, Hubert Harry Basehart V,55

The Effect of Messages Communicated by Members of Congress: The Impact of Publicizing Votes, Daniel Lipinski  XXVI,81

The Effect of Open Seats on Challenger Strength in Japanese Lower House Elections, John Hickman XVII,573

The Effect of the Size of Voting Blocs on Incumbents' Roll-Call Voting and the Asymmetric Polarization of Congress, Daniel M. Butler XXXIV, 297

The Effect of U.S. State Legislative Term Limits Revisited, Cynthia Opheim XIX,49

The Effects of Congruity Between Community and District on Salience of U.S. House Candidates, Richard G. Niemi, Lynda W. Powell, and Patricia L. Bicknell XI,187

The Effects of Filing Fees and Petition Requirements on U.S. House Elections, Stephen Ansolabehere and Alan Gerber XXI,249

The Effects of Gender on Congressional Behavior and the Substantive Representation of Women, Arturo Vega and Juanita M. Firestone XX,213

The Effects of Incumbency in U.S. Congressional Elections, 1950-1988, Michael Krashinsky and William J. Milne XVIII,321

Effects of the Interaction Between Race and Urbanization on Votes of Southern Congressmen, Kenny J. Whitby X,505

The Effects of Party Advantage on the Partisan Support of New U.S. House Members, Patricia A. Hurley and Brinck Kerr XXV,53 

The Effects of Party and Preferences on Congressional Roll-Call Voting, Stephen Ansolabehere, James M. Snyder, Jr., and Charles Stewart III  XXVI,533

Effects of Structural Change in Legislative Committee Systems on Their Performance in U.S. States, Keith E. Hamm and Gary F. Moncrief VII,383

The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures, John M. Carey, Richard G Niemi, and Lynda W. Powell XXIII,271

The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures: A New Survey of the 50 States, John M. Carey, Richard Niemi, Lynda W. Powell, and Gary F. Moncrief XXXI, 105

The Effects of Uncontested Elections on Legislator Performance, David M. Konisky and Michiko Ueda XXXVI, 199

Elder, Charles D., Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson, John Strate, Kelly LeRoux, Richard C. Elling, and Lyke Thompson, Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits XXXV, 57

Elected Bodies: The Gender Quota Law for Legislative Candidates in Mexico, Lisa Baldez XXIX,231

Electing Women to the British Commons: Breakout from the Beleaguered Beachhead? Donley T. Studlar, Ian McAllister, and Alvaro Ascui XIII,515

The Electoral Antecedents of State Legislative Committee Assignments, Ronald D. Hedlund and Samuel C. Patterson XVII,539

Electoral Career Patterns and Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House of Representatives, Roy A. Dawes and A. Hunter Bacot XXIII,575

The Electoral Consequences of Party Switching by Incumbent Members of Congress, 1947-2000, Christian R. Gross and Antoine Yoshinaka XXVIII,55

The Electoral Consequences of Perquisite Use: The Casework Case, George Serra and Albert D. Cover XVII,233

Electoral Influences on Legislative Behavior in Mixed Member Systems: Evidence from Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada, Erik S. Herron XXVII,361

Electoral Institutions, the Personal Vote, and Legislative Organizations, Shane  Martin XXXVI, 339

Electoral Marginality in State Legislative Elections, 1968-86, James C. Garand XVI,7

Electoral Participation in the United States, 1968-86, Erik W. Austin, Jerome M. Clubb, William H. Flanigan, Peter Granda, and Nancy H. Zingale XVI,145

Electoral Patterns and Voting Alignments in the U.S. House, 1886-1986, Melissa P. Collie XIV,107

Electoral Responsiveness and Partisan Bias in Multiparty Democracies, Gary King XV,159

Electoral Rules and the Calculus of Mobilization, Gary W. Cox XXIV,387

Electoral Security of Members of the U.S. House, 1900–2006, Arjun S. Wilkins XXXVII, 277

Electoral Strategy, Committee Membership, and Rent Seeking in the Taiwanese Legislature, 1992–2001, Nathan F. Batto XXX,43

Electoral Systems and the Representation of Minority Interests in Legislatures, David T. Canon  XXIV,331

Ellickson, Mark C., Pathways to Legislative Success: A Path Analytic Study of the Missouri House of Representatives XVII,285

Elling, Richard C., Ideological Change in the U.S. Senate: Time and Electoral Responsiveness VII,75

Elling, Richard C., The Utility of State Legislative Casework as a Means of Oversight IV,353

Elling, Richard C., Lyke Thompson, Charles D. Elder, Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson, John Strate, and Kelly LeRoux, Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits XXXV, 57

The Emergence of Career Politicians in Post-Communist Democracies: Poland and the Czech Republic, Goldie Shabad and Kazimierz M. Slomczynski XXVII,333

Emergence of Legislative Institutions: Standing Committees in the House and Senate, 1810-1825, Gerald Gamm and Kenneth A. Shepsle XIV,39

Empire and Representation: The U.S. Congress, Abraham Holtzman XI,249

Empirical Determinants of Bicameral Sequence in State Legislatures, James R. Rogers XXX,29

Endersby, James W., and Karen M. McCurdy, Committee Assignments in the U.S. Senate XXI,219

Endogeneity, Exogeneity, Time, and Space in Political Representation, James H. Kuklinski and Gary M. Segura XX,3

English, Arthur, and John J. Carroll, 'Rules of the Game' in Ephemeral Institutions: U.S. State Constitutional Conventions VI,305

Engstrom, Erik J., and William Ewell, The Impact of Unified Party Government on Campaign Contributions XXXV,543

Engstrom, Richard L., and John K. Wildgen, Pruning Thorns from the Thicket: An Empirical Test of the Existence of Racial Gerrymandering II,465

Engstrom, Richard L., and John K. Wildgen, Spatial Distribution of Partisan Support and the Seats/Votes Relationship V,423

Ensley, Michael J. and Scott J. Basinger, Candidates, Campaigns, or Partisan Conditions? Reevaluating Strategic-Politicians Theory XXXII,361

Epstein, David, David Brady, and Richard Brody, Heterogeneous Parties and Political Organization: The U.S. Senate, 1880-1920 XIV,205

Erikson, Robert S., Measuring Constituency Opinion: The 1978 U.S. Congressional Election Survey VI,235

Erikson, Robert S., Roll Calls, Reputations, and Representation in the U.S. Senate XV,623

An Essay on Sequence, Position, Goals, and Committee Power, Steven S. Smith XIII,151

The Estates General of Languedoc: Struggles for Provincial Autonomy in Early 16th Century France, James Eastgate Brink V,437

Esterling, Kevin M., “Deliberative Disagreement” in U.S. Health Policy Committee Hearings XXXVI, 169

Estimating the Partisan Consequences of Redistricting Plans—Simply, J. Morgan Kousser XXI,521

Ethnic and Partisan Minorities in Two Southern State Legislatures, Keith E. Hamm, Robert Harmel, and Robert Thompson VIII,177

Ethnicity, Partisanship, and Legislative Activity in Malaysia, Chu Chi-Hung I,551

Ethridge, Marcus E., Consequences of Legislative Review of Agency Regulations in Three U.S. States IX,161

Eulau, Heinz, The Congress as Research Arena: An Uneasy Partnership Between History and Political Science XVIII,569

Eulau, Heinz, Legislative Committee Assignments IX,587

Eulau, Heinz, Representation in France: The Congruence Model Revisited XII,171

Eulau, Heinz, and Paul D. Karps, The Puzzle of Representation: Specifying Components of Responsiveness II,233

Eulau, Heinz, and Vera McCluggage, Standing Committees in Legislatures: Three Decades of Research IX,195

Evans, C. Lawrence, Legislative Structure: Rules, Precedents, and Jurisdictions XXIV,605

Evidence of a Local Incumbency Advantage, Jessica Trounstine XXXVI, 255

Evolution of a Minimal Parliament: Membership and Committee Changes in the Polish Sejm, Maurice D. Simon and David M. Olson V,211

Ewell, William, and Erik J. Engstrom, The Impact of Unified Party Government on Campaign Contributions XXXV,543

Executive Decree Authority in Brazil: How Reactive Legislators Influence Policy, Gary Reich XXVII,5

Executive-Legislative Relations in an Era of Accelerated Reform: Reshaping Government in Israel, Reuven Y. Hazan XXII,329

Executive-Legislative Relations in Austria: 1945-1992, Wolfgang C. Müller XVIII,467

Executive-Legislative Relations in The Netherlands: Consecutive and Coexisting Patterns, Rudy B. Andeweg XVII,161

Explaining Congressional Elections: Differences in Perceptions of Opposing Candidates, Charles S. Bullock III II,295

Explaining Contributions: Rational Contributors and the Elections for the 71st Texas House, Gregory S. Thielemann and Donald R. Dixon XIX,495

Explaining Primary Turnout: The Senatorial Case, Patrick J. Kenney. XI,65

Explaining the Incidence and Timing of Congressional Responses to the U.S. Supreme Court, Virginia A. Hettinger and Christopher Zorn XXX,5

Explaining the Role of Restrictive Rules in the Postreform House, Bryan W. Marshall XXVII,61

Explaining Seat Changes in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1950-98, Brian Newman and Charles Ostrom, Jr. XXVII,383

Explaining Variation in Casework Among State Legislators, Patricia K. Freeman and Lilliard E. Richardson, Jr. XXI,41

Explaining Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa, Mi Yung Yoon XXIX,447

F
Factors Influencing the Adoption of New Methods of
Legislative Oversight in the U.S. States, Keith E. Hamm and Roby D. Robertson VI,133

The Family Factor in State Legislative Turnover, Diane Kincaid Blair and Ann R. Henry VI,55

Farlie, Dennis, Galen Irwin, and Ian Budge, Social Background vs. Motivational Determinants of Legislative Careers in The Netherlands IV,447

Feeley, Courtney, Richard L. Fox, and Jennifer Lawless, Gender and the Decision to Run for Office XXVI,411

Feigert, Frank B., and Pippa Norris, Do By-Elections Constitute Referenda? A Four-Country Comparison XV,183

Feinstein, Brian D., The Dynasty Advantage: Family Ties in Congressional Elections XXXV,571

Feld, Scott L., Thomas L. Brunell, William Koetzle, John DiNardo, and Bernard Grofman, The R2=.93: Where Then Do They Differ? Comparing Liberal and Conservative Interest Group Ratings XXIV,87

Female and Minority Judicial Nominees: President's Delight and Senators' Dismay? Nicole Asmussen XXXVI, 591

Fenmore, Barton, and John E. Schwarz, Presidential Election Results and Congressional Roll Call Behavior: The Cases of 1964, 1968, and 1972 II,409

Fenno, Richard F., Jr., The Senate Through the Looking Glass: The Debate Over Television XIV,313

Ferejohn, John A., Morris P. Fiorina, and Bruce E. Cain, The House is Not a Home: British MPs and Their Constituencies IV,499

Ferejohn, John A., Catherine R. Shapiro, David W. Brady, and Richard A. Brody, Linking Constituency Opinion and Senate Voting Scores: A Hybrid Explanation XV,599

Ferrington, Anders, Charles S. Bullock III, and Ronald Keith Gaddie, When Experience Fails: The Experience Factor in Congressional Runoffs XXVI,31

Fett, Patrick, and Richard G. Niemi, The Swing Ratio: An Explanation and an Assessment XI,75

Finocchiaro, Charles J., and Jeffery A. Jenkins, In Search of Killer Amendments in the Modern U.S. House XXXIII,263

Finocchiaro, Charles J., and David W. Rohde, War on the Floor: Partisan Theory and Agenda Control in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXIII,35

Fiorina, Morris P., Response to Born XIX,117

Fiorina, Morris P., Bruce E. Cain, and John A. Ferejohn, The House is Not a Home: British MPs and Their Constituencies IV,499

Firestone, Juanita M., and Arturo Vega, The Effects of Gender on Congressional Behavior and the Substantive Representation of Women XX,213

Fish, M. Steven, and Matthew Kroenig, A Response to Desposato's  Review of The Handbook of National Legislatures XXXVII, 397

Fisher, Samuel H., III, and Rebekah Herrick, Whistle While You Work: Job Satisfaction and Retirement from the U.S. House XXVII,445

Fisk, David, Superfluous or Mischievous: Evaluating the Determinants of Government Defeats in Second Chambers XXXVI, 231

Flanagan, Timothy J., Debra Cohen, and Pauline Gasdow Brennan, Crime Control Ideology Among New York State Legislators XVIII,411

Flanigan, William H., Peter Granda, Nancy H. Zingale, Erik W. Austin, and Jerome M. Clubb, Electoral Participation in the United States, 1968-86 XVI,145

Flathman, Marcus, and Scott Ainsworth, Unanimous Consent Agreements as Leadership Tools XX,177

Flathman, Marcus, and Steven S. Smith, Managing the Senate Floor: Complex Unanimous Consent Agreements Since the 1950s XIV,349

Fleisher, Richard, PAC Contributions and Congressional Voting on National Defense XVIII,391

Fleisher, Richard, and Jon R. Bond, The Limits of Presidential Popularity as a Source of Influence in the U.S. House V,69

Fleisher, Richard, John A. Hamman, Jeffrey E. Cohen, and Jon R. Bond, State-Level Presidential Approval and Senatorial Support  XXV,577

Flemming, Gregory N., Presidential Coattails in Open-Seat Elections XX,197

Fletcher, Frederick J., Mass Media and Parliamentary Elections in Canada XII,341

Fletcher, Frederick J., and Arthur M. Goddard, Government and Opposition: Structural Influences on Provincial Legislators III,647

Floterial Districts, Reapportionment, and the Puzzle of Representation, Gary F. Moncrief XIV,251

Fogarty, Brian J., The Strategy of the Story: Media Monitoring Legislative Activity   XXXIII,445

For Whom the Bell Tolls: Term Limits and State Legislatures, Gary F. Moncrief, Joel A. Thompson, Michael Haddon, and Robert Hoyer XVII,37

Forecasting U.S. House Elections, Michael S. Lewis-Beck and Tom W. Rice IX,475

Foreign and Defense Policy in Congress: A Research Agenda for the 1990s, James M. Lindsay and Randall B. Ripley XVII,417

Forgette, Richard, Party Caucuses and Coordination: Assessing Caucus Activity and Party Effects XXIX,407

Forgette, Richard G., and James V. Saturno, 302(b) or Not 302(b): Congressional Floor Procedures and House Appropriators XIX,385

Formal Models of Legislative Processes, William H. Panning VIII,427

Formanek, Frantisek, Ewa Karpowicz, and John M. Carey, Legislative Autonomy in New Regimes: The Czech and Polish Cases XXIV,569

Former State Legislators in the U.S. House of Representatives: Institutional and Policy Mastery, Michael B. Berkman XVIII,77

Forth, Rod, and Alan Rosenthal, The Assembly Line: Law Production in the American States III,265

Foster, Carroll B., The 'Sagebrush Rebellion' and Alaska Lands Bill in the U.S. Congress VIII,655

Fowler, Linda L., How Interest Groups Select Issues for Rating Voting Records of Members of the U.S. Congress VII,401

Fowler, Linda L., and R. Brian Law, Seen But Not Heard: Committee Visibility and Institutional Change in the Senate National Security Committees, 1947-2006  XXXIII,357

Fox, Richard L., Jennifer Lawless, and Courtney Feeley, Gender and the Decision to Run for Office XXVI,411

Francis, Wayne L., House to Senate Career Movement in the U.S. States: The Significance of Selectivity XVIII,309

Francis, Wayne L., Leadership, Party Caucuses, and Committees in U.S. State Legislatures X,243

Francis, Wayne L., and John R. Baker, Why Do U.S. State Legislators Vacate Their Seats? XI,119

Francis, Wayne L., and James W. Riddlesperger, U.S. State Legislative Committees: Structure, Procedural Efficiency, and Party Control VII,453

Francis, Wayne L., and Ronald E. Weber, Legislative Issues in the 50 States: Managing Complexity Through Classification V,407

Frankland, E. Gene, Parliamentary Career Achievement in Britain and West Germany: A Comparative Analysis II,137

Franklin, Charles H., Senate Incumbent Visibility Over the Election Cycle XVIII,271

Franklin, Mark N., and Eric C. Browne, Editors' Introduction: New Directions in Coalition Research XI,469

Franklin, Mark N., and Thomas T. Mackie, Representation in France: Electoral Behavior XII,227

Franklin, Mark N., Alison Baxter, and Margaret Jordan, Dissent in the British House of Commons: Response to Norton's Rejoinder XII,152

Franklin, Mark N., Alison Baxter, and Margaret Jordan, Who Were the Rebels? Dissent in the House of Commons, 1970-1974 XI,143

Frantzich, Stephen E., Computerized Information Technology in the U.S. House of Representatives IV,255

Frantzich, Stephen E., Who Makes Our Laws? The Legislative Effectiveness of Members of the U.S. Congress IV,409

Fraser, Jane M., and Thomas H. Hammond, What Roll Calls Should We Exclude from Conservative Coalition Calculations? VII,423

Freeman, Patricia K., A Comparative Analysis of Speaker Career Patterns in U.S. State Legislatures XX,365

Freeman, Patricia K., Comparing Members' Perceptions with 'Objective' Data on Legislative Activity VIII,481

Freeman, Patricia K., and Ronald D. Hedlund, A Strategy for Measuring the Performance of Legislatures in Processing Decisions VI,87

Freeman, Patricia K., and William Lyons, Sunset Legislation and the Legislative Process in Tennessee IX,151

Freeman, Patricia K., and Lilliard E. Richardson, Jr., Explaining Variation in Casework Among State Legislators XXI,41

French Deputies and the Political System, Roland Cayrol, Jean-Luc Parodi, and Colette Ysmal I,67

Frendreis, John P., Dennis W. Gleiber, and Eric C. Browne, The Study of Cabinet Dissolutions in Parliamentary Democracies XI,619

Frendreis, John, Alan R. Gitelson, Shannon Jenkins, and Douglas D. Roscoe, Testing Spatial Models of Elections: The Influence of Voters and Elites on Candidate Issue Positions XXVIII,77

Friedman, Barry, and Anna Harvey, Pulling Punches: Congressional Constraints on the Supreme Court's Constitutional Rulings, 1987-2000 XXXI,533

Friedman, Sally, House Committee Assignments of Women and Minority Newcomers, 1965–1994 XXI,73

Friedman, Sally, and Steven G. Livingston, Reexamining Theories of Congressional Retirement: Evidence from the 1980s XVIII,231

Friedman, Sally, and Robert T. Nakamura, The Representation of Women on U.S. Senate Committee Staffs XVI,407

Frisby, Tammy M., and Barry C. Burden, Preferences, Partisanship, and Whip Activity in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIX,569

Frognier, André-Paul, Parties and Cleavages in the Belgian Parliament III,109

Frymer, Paul, Thomas P. Kim, and Terri L. Bimes, Party Elites, Ideological Voters, and Divided Party Government XXII,195

The Function of Parliament in the Danish Political System: Results of Recent Research, Erik Damgaard V,101

The Functions of Legislatures in the Third World, Michael L. Mezey VIII,511

Fundraising by Nonincumbent Candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives, Peverill Squire and John R. Wright XV,89

A Further Examination of Challenger Quality in Senate Elections, Peverill Squire and Eric R.A.N. Smith XXI,235

G
 

Gabel, Matthew, Simon Hug, and Clifford Carrubba, Legislative Voting Behavior, Seen and Unseen: A Theory of Roll-Call Vote Selection XXXIII, 543

Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Charles S. Bullock III, and Scott E. Buchanan, What is So Special About Special Elections? XXIV,103

Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Charles S. Bullock III, and Anders Ferrington, When Experience Fails: The Experience Factor in Congressional Runoffs XXVI,31

Gaines, Brian J., The Impersonal Vote? Constituency Service and Incumbency Advantage in British Elections, 1950–92 XXIII,167

Gaining Legislative Control Through Strategic District Nomination: The Case of the Russian Left in 1995, Olga Shvetsova XXVII,635

Green, Matthew N., Institutional Change, Party Discipline, and the House Democratic Caucus, 1911-19 XXVII,601

Gaining Legislative Control Through Strategic District Nomination: The Case of the Russian Left in 1995, Olga Shvetsova XXVII,635

The Gains from Exchange Hypothesis of Legislative Organizations, Thomas W. Gilligan and Keith Krehbiel XIX,181

Gallagher, Michael, Social Backgrounds and Local Orientations of Members of the Irish Dail X,373

Gamble, Katrina L., Black Political Representation: An Examination of Legislative Activity Within U.S. House Committees XXXII,421

Gamm, Gerald, and Kenneth A. Shepsle, Emergence of Legislative Institutions: Standing Committees in the House and Senate, 1810-1825 XIV,39

Garand, James C., Electoral Marginality in State Legislative Elections, 1968-86 XVI,7

Garand, James C., and Kathleen M. Clayton, Socialization to Partisanship in the U.S. House: The Speaker's Task Force XI,409

Gartzke, Erik, and J. Mark Wrighton Thinking Globally or Acting Locally? Determinants of the GATT Vote in Congress XXIII,33

Gaylord, Sylvia, Delegation and Defensive Legislative Strategies in Brazil XXXV, 5

Geiger, Shirley M., The House Appropriations Committee, FY 1963-82: A Micro-Budgetary Perspective XIX,397

Gender and the Decision to Run for Office, Richard L. Fox, Jennifer L. Lawless, and Courtney Feeley XXVI.411

A Gender Gap in Policy Representation in the U.S. Congress? John D. Griffin, Brian Newman, and Christina Wolbrecht XXXVII, 35

Gender Turnover and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. House of Representatives, Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer and Renato Corbetta XXIX,215

Generational Change and the Allocation of Staff in the U.S. Congress, Steven H. Schiff and Steven S. Smith VIII,457

Gent, Chariti E., Cary B. Overmeyer, and E. Scott Adler, The Home Style Homepage: Legislator Use of the World Wide Web for Constituency Contact XXIII,585

Gerber, Alan, and Stephen Ansolabehere, The Effects of Filing Fees and Petition Requirements on U.S. House Elections XXI,249

Gerber, Alan, and Stephen Ansolabehere, Incumbency Advantage and the Persistence of Legislative Majorities XXII,161

Germaneness Rules and Bicameral Relations in the U.S. Congress, Stanley Bach VII,341

Gertzog, Irwin N, Changing Patterns of Female Recruitment to the U.S. House of Representatives IV,429

Getting Around Gridlock: The Effect of Omnibus Utilization on Legislative Productivity, Glen S. Krutz  XXV,533

Gianos, Phillip L., Bipartisanship Legislative Delegations and the Mean-Seeking Hypothesis: The Case of Washington, 1948-96 XXV, 499

Gierzynski, Anthony, and David A. Breaux, "It's Money That Matters": Campaign Expenditures and State Legislative Primaries XVI,429

Gierzynski, Anthony, and David Breaux, Legislative Elections and the Importance of Money XXI,337

Gierzynski, Anthony, and David A. Breaux, Money and the Party Vote in State House Elections XVIII,515

Gierzynski, Anthony, and David A. Breaux, Money and Votes in State Legislative Elections XVI,203

Giles, Michael W., and Anita Pritchard, Campaign Expenditures and Legislative Elections in Florida X,71

Gilliam, Franklin D., Jr., Influences on Voter Turnout for U.S. House Elections in Non-Presidential Years X,339

Gilligan, Thomas W., and Keith Krehbiel, The Gains from Exchange Hypothesis of Legislative Organizations XIX,181

Gilljam, Mikael, Mikael Persson, and David Karlsson, Representatives' Attitudes Toward Citizen Protests in Sweden: The Impact of Ideology, Parliamentary Position, and Experiences XXXVII, 251

Gilmour, John B., The Powell Amendment Voting Cycle: An Obituary XXVI,249

Gilmour, John B., and Paul Rothstein, Early Republican Retirement: A Cause of Democratic Dominance in the House of Representatives XVIII,345

Gimpel, James G., and Robin M. Wolpert, Information, Recall, and Accountability: The Electorate’s Response to the Clarence Thomas Nomination XXII,535

Gist, John R., The Impact of Annual Authorizations on Military Appropriations in the U.S. Congress VI,439

Gitelson, Alan R., Shannon Jenkins, Douglas D. Roscoe, and John Frendreis, Testing Spatial Models of Elections: The Influence of Voters and Elites on Candidate Issue Positions XXVIII,77

Glazer, Amihai, and Bernard Grofman, Two Plus Two Plus Two Equals Six: Tenure in Office of Senators and Representatives, 1953-1983 XII,555

Glazer, Amihai, Bernard Grofman, and Robert Griffin, The Effect of Black Population on Electing Democrats and Liberals to the House of Representatives XVII,365

Glazer, Amihai, Bernard Grofman, and Robert Griffin, Is the Senate More Liberal Than the House? Another Look XVI,281

Glazer, Amihai, Robert Griffin, Bernard Grofman, and Martin Wattenberg, Strategic Vote Delay in the U.S. House of Representatives XX, 37

Gleiber, Dennis W., Eric C. Browne, and John P. Frendreis, The Study of Cabinet Dissolutions in Parliamentary Democracies XI, 619

Goddard, Arthur M., and Frederick J. Fletcher, Government and Opposition: Structural Influences on Provincial Legislators III, 647

Goidel, Robert K., and Donald A. Gross, Reconsidering the ‘Myths and Realities’ of Campaign Finance Reform XXI, 129

Goidel, Robert K., Barry Tadlock, and Todd G. Shields, The Net Impact of Media Exposure on Individual Voting Decisions in U.S. Senate and House Elections XX, 415

The "Golden Age" Senate and Floor Debate in the Antebellum Congress, Daniel Wirls XXXII, 193

Goldenberg, Edie N., and Michael W. Traugott, Editors' Introduction: Mass Media in Legislative Campaigns XII, 313

Goldenberg, Edie N., and Michael W. Traugott, Mass Media and Legislative Contests: Opportunities for Comparative Study XII, 445

Goldenberg, Edie N., and Michael W. Traugott, Mass Media in U.S. Congressional Elections XII, 317

Goldenberg, Edie N., and Michael W. Traugott, Normal Vote Analysis of U.S. Congressional Elections VI, 247

Goodin, Robert E., The Importance of Winning Big II, 399

Goodliffe, Jay, Campaign War Chests and Challenger Quality in Senate Elections XXXII, 135

Goodman, Craig, and David C.W. Parker, Making a Good Impression: Resource Allocation, Home Styles, and Washington Work XXXIV, 493

Gosling, James J., Patterns of Influence and Choice in the Wisconsin Budgetary Process X, 457

Government and Opposition: Structural Influences on Provincial Legislators, Frederick J. Fletcher and Arthur M. Goddard III, 647

Government Formation as a Policy-Making Arena, Robert L. Peterson and Martine M. DeRidder XI, 565

Government Growth and Professionalism in U.S. State Legislatures, Neil Malhotra XXXI, 563

Government Redistribution in the Shadow of Legislative Elections: A Study of the Illinois Member Initiative Grants Program, Michael C. Herron and Brett A. Theodos XXIX, 287

The Governor and the Conference Committee in Georgia, Thomas P. Lauth XV, 441

Governors and "Their" Deputies: New Legislative Principals in Mexico, Joy Langston XXXV, 235

Graham, James Q., Jr. Legislative Careers in the French Chamber and U.S. House, 1871-1940 VII, 37

Granda, Peter, Nancy H. Zingale, Erik W. Austin, Jerome M. Clubb, and William H. Flanigan, Electoral Participation in the United States, 1968-86 XVI, 145

Grant, J. Tobin, and Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, All in a Day’s Work: The Financial Rewards of Legislative Effectiveness XXIV, 511

Grant, J. Tobin, and Thomas J. Rudolph, The Job of Representation in Congress: Public Expectations and Representative Approval XXIX, 431

Grasse, Nathan, and Brianne Heidbreder, The Influence of Lobbying Activity in State Legislatures: Evidence from Wisconsin XXXVI, 567

Grau, Craig H., Competition in State Legislative Primaries VI, 35

Gray, Virginia, and David Lowery, Interest Representation and Democratic Gridlock XX, 531

Gray, Virginia, David Lowery, and Holly Brasher, State Lobby Registration Data: The Anomalous Case of Florida (and Minnesota too!) XXIV,303

Gray, Virginia, Jennifer Wolak, Adam J. Newmark, Todd McNoldy, and David Lowery, Much of Politics Is Still Local: Multi-State Lobbying in State Interest Communities XXVII,527

Green, John C., and James L. Guth, Religion, Representatives, and Roll Calls XVI,571

Green, Matthew N., Institutional Change, Party Discipline, and the House Democratic Caucus, 1911-19 XXVII,601

Grenzke, Janet, Comparing Contributions to U.S. House Members from Outside Their Districts XIII,83

Grever, John H., Louis XIV and the Dutch Assemblies: The Conflict about The Hague VII,235

Griffin , John D., Senate Apportionment as a Source of Political Inequality XXXI,405

Griffin, John D., Brian Newman, and Christina Wolbrecht, A Gender Gap in Policy Representation in the U.S. Congress? XXXVII, 35

Griffin, Robert, Gregory Berry, and Bernard Grofman, House Members Who Become Senators: Learning from a 'Natural Experiment' in Representation XX,513

Griffin, Robert, Amihai Glazer, and Bernard Grofman, Is the Senate More Liberal Than the House? Another Look XVI,281

Griffin, Robert, Amihai Glazer, and Bernard Grofman, The Effect of Black Population on Electing Democrats and Liberals to the House of Representatives XVII,365

Griffin, Robert, Bernard Grofman, Martin Wattenberg, and Amihai Glazer, Strategic Vote Delay in the U.S. House of Representatives XX,37

Grofman, Bernard, and Amihai Glazer, Two Plus Two Plus Two Equals Six: Tenure in Office of Senators and Representatives, 1953-1983 XII,555

Grofman, Bernard, and Lisa Handley, Black Representation: Making Sense of Electoral Geography at Different Levels of Government XIV,265

Grofman, Bernard, and Lisa Handley, The Impact of the Voting Rights Act on Black Representation in Southern State Legislatures XVI,111

Grofman, Bernard, and Howard Scarrow, Weighted Voting in New York VI,287

Grofman, Bernard, Thomas L. Brunell, and William Koetzle, Why Gain in the Senate But Midterm Loss in the House? Evidence from a Natural Experiment XXIII,79

Grofman, Bernard, Robert Griffin, and Gregory Berry, House Members Who Become Senators: Learning from a 'Natural Experiment' in Representation XX,513

Grofman, Bernard, Robert Griffin, and Amihai Glazer, Is the Senate More Liberal Than the House? Another Look XVI,281

Grofman, Bernard, Robert Griffin, and Amihai Glazer, The Effect of Black Population on Electing Democrats and Liberals to the House of Representatives XVII,365

Grofman, Bernard, William Koetzle, and Anthony J. McGann, Congressional Leadership 1965-96: A New Look at the Extremism versus Centrality Debate XXVII,87

Grofman, Bernard, Richard Niemi, and Jeffrey S. Hill, The Impact of Multimember Districts on Party Representation in U.S. State Legislatures X,441

Grofman, Bernard, Lisa Handley, David Lublin, and Thomas L. Brunell, Has the Voting Rights Act Outlived Its Usefulness? In a Word, “No” XXXIV, 525

Grofman, Bernard, Martin Wattenberg, Amihai Glazer, and Robert Griffin, Strategic Vote Delay in the U.S. House of Representatives XX,37

Grofman, Bernard, Thomas L. Brunell, William Koetzle, John DiNardo, and Scott L. Feld, The R2=.93: Where Then Do They Differ? Comparing Liberal and Conservative Interest Group Ratings XXIV,87

Gronke, Paul, Overreporting the Vote in the 1988 Senate Election Study: A Response to Wright XVII,113

Gronke, Paul, and R. Michael Alvarez, Constituents and Legislators: Learning About the Persian Gulf War Resolution XXI,105

Gronke, Paul, and J. Matthew Wilson, Concordance and Projection in Citizen Perceptions of Congressional Roll-Call Voting, 1947-97, XXV,445

Grose, Christian R., and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, The Iraq War, Partisanship, and Candidate Attributes: Variation in Partisan Swing in the 2006 U.S. House Elections XXXII,531

Groseclose, Tim, Gregory A. Caldeira, and Barry C. Burden, Measuring the Ideologies of U.S. Senators: The Song Remains the Same XXV,237

Gross, Christian R., and Antoine Yoshinaka, The Electoral Consequences of Party Switching by Incumbent Members of Congress, 1947-2000 XXVIII,55

Gross, Donald A., Conference Committees, Sophisticated Voting, and Cyclical Majorities IV,79

Gross, Donald A., and Robert K. Goidel, Reconsidering the ‘Myths and Realities’ of Campaign Finance Reform XXI,129

Gruder, Vivian R., 'No Taxation Without Representation': The Assembly of Notables of 1787 and Political Ideology in France VII,263

Grumm, John G., Survey of Comparative Legislative Research II,481

Guth, James L., and John C. Green, Religion, Representatives, and Roll Calls XVI,571

H
Habel, Philip D., The Consequences of Electoral Institutions for Careerism  XXXIII,471

Haddon, Michael, Robert Hoyer, Gary F. Moncrief, and Joel A. Thompson, For Whom the Bell Tolls: Term Limits and State Legislatures XVII,37

Hadley, David J., Legislative Role Orientations and Support for Party and Chief Executive in the Indiana House II,309

Hager, Gregory L., and Jeffery C. Talbert, Look for the Party Label: Party Influences on Voting in the U.S. House XXV,75

Hagger, Mark, and Martin Wing, Legislative Roles and Clientele Orientations in the European Parliament IV,165

Haider-Markel, Donald P., Representation and Backlash: The Positive and Negative Influence of Descriptive Representation XXXII,107

Hall, Richard L., Measuring Legislative Influence XVII,205

Hall, Thad E., Changes in Legislative Support for the Governor's Program Over Time XXVII,107

Halligan, John, Robert Krause, Robert Williams, and Geoffrey Hawker, Constituency Service Among Sub-National Legislators in Australia and Canada XIII,49

Hamm, Keith E., Consistency Between Committee and Floor Voting in U.S. State Legislatures VII,473

Hamm, Keith E., Patterns of Influence Among Committees, Agencies, and Interest Groups VIII,379

Hamm, Keith E., The Role of "Subgovernments" in U.S. State Policy Making: An Exploratory Analysis XI,321

Hamm, Keith E., U.S. State Legislative Committee Decisions: Similar Results in Different Settings V,31

Hamm, Keith E., and Ronald D. Hedlund, Accounting for Change in the Number of State Legislative Committee Positions XV,201

Hamm, Keith E., and Ronald D. Hedlund, Conflict and Perceived Group Benefits from Legislative Rules Changes I,181

Hamm, Keith E., and Ronald D. Hedlund, Political Parties as Vehicles for Organizing U.S. State Legislative Committees XXI,383

Hamm, Keith E., and Gary F. Moncrief, Effects of Structural Change in Legislative Committee Systems on Their Performance in U.S. States VII,383

Hamm, Keith E., and Roby D. Robertson, Factors Influencing the Adoption of New Methods of Legislative Oversight in the U.S. States VI,133

Hamm, Keith E., Robert Harmel, and Robert Thompson, Ethnic and Partisan Minorities in Two Southern State Legislature VIII,177

Hamm, Keith E., Ronald D. Hedlund, Kevin Coombs, and Nancy Martorano, Partisan Stacking on Legislative Committees XXXIV,175

Hamman, John A., Universalism, Program Development, and the Distribution of Federal Assistance XVIII,553

Hamman, John A., Jeffrey E. Cohen, Jon R. Bond, and Richard Fleisher, State-Level Presidential Approval and Senatorial Support   XXV,577

Hammond, Susan Webb, Legislative Staffs IX,271

Hammond, Susan Webb, Recent Research on Legislative Staffs XXI,543

Hammond, Thomas H., and Jane M. Fraser, What Roll Calls Should We Exclude from Conservative Coalition Calculations? VII,423

Hammond, Thomas H., Charles Kile, and Gary J. Miller, Bicameralism and the Core: An Experimental Test XXI,83

Han, Hahrie, Jeremy C. Pope, and David W. Brady, Primary Elections and Candidate Ideology: Out-of-Step with the Primary Electorate? XXXII,79

Handley, Lisa, and Bernard Grofman, Black Representation: Making Sense of Electoral Geography at Different Levels of Government XIV,265

Handley, Lisa, and Bernard Grofman, The Impact of the Voting Rights Act on Black Representation in Southern State Legislatures XVI,111

Handley, Lisa, David Lublin, Thomas L. Brunell, and Bernard Grofman, Has the Voting Rights Act Outlived Its Usefulness? In a Word, “No” XXXIV, 525

Harmel, Robert, Robert Thompson, and Keith E. Hamm, Ethnic and Partisan Minorities in Two Southern State Legislatures VIII,177

Harmon, Kathryn Newcomer, and Marsha L. Brauen, Joint Electoral Outcomes as Cues for Congressional Support of U.S. Presidents IV,281

Harris, Douglas B., Orchestrating Party Talk: A Party-Based View of One-Minute Speeches in the House of Representatives XXX,127

Harvey, Anna, and Barry Friedman, Pulling Punches: Congressional Constraints on the Supreme Court's Constitutional Rulings, 1987-2000 XXXI,533

Harward, Brian M., and Kenneth W. Moffett, The Calculus of Cosponsorship in the U.S. Senate XXXV, 117

Has the Voting Rights Act Outlived Its Usefulness? In a Word, “No”, David Lublin, Thomas L. Brunell, Bernard Grofman, and Lisa Handley XXXIV, 525

Hawker, Geoffrey, John Halligan, Robert Krause, and Robert Williams, Constituency Service Among Sub-National Legislators in Australia and Canada XIII,49

Hayes, Matthew, Matthew V. Hibbing, and Tracy Sulkin, Redistricting, Responsiveness, and Issue Attention XXXV, 91

Haynie, Kerry L., The Color of Their Skin or the Content of Their Behavior: Race and Perceptions of African American Legislators, XXVII,295

Hazan, Reuven Y., Executive-Legislative Relations in an Era of Accelerated Reform: Reshaping Government in Israel XXII,329

Heberlig, Eric S., and Bruce A. Larson, Redistributing Campaign Funds by U.S. House Members: The Spiraling Costs of the Permanent Campaign XXX,597

Heberlig, Eric S., and Rorie L. Spill Solberg, Communicating to the Courts and Beyond: Why Members of Congress Participate as Amici Curiae XXIX,591

Hedge, David, and James Button, Legislative Life in the 1990s: A Comparison of Black and White State Legislators XXI,199

Hedge, David M., and David L. Schecter, Dancing with the One Who Brought You: The Allocation and Impact of Party Giving to State Legislators XXVI,437

Hedlund, Ronald D., Organizational Attributes of Legislatures: Structure, Rules, Norms, Resources IX,51

Hedlund, Ronald D., and Keith E. Hamm, Conflict and Perceived Group Benefits from Legislative Rules Changes I,181

Hedlund, Ronald D., and Keith E. Hamm, Accounting for Change in the Number of State Legislative Committee Positions XV,201

Hedlund, Ronald D., and Keith E. Hamm, Political Parties as Vehicles for Organizing U.S. State Legislative Committees XXI,383

Hedlund, Ronald D., and Patricia K. Freeman, A Strategy for Measuring the Performance of Legislatures in Processing Decisions VI,87

Hedlund, Ronald D., and Samuel C. Patterson, The Electoral Antecedents of State Legislative Committee Assignments XVII,539

Hedlund, Ronald D., Kevin Coombs, Nancy Martorano, and Keith E. Hamm, Partisan Stacking on Legislative Committees XXXIV,175

Heidbreder, Brianne, and Nathan Grasse, The Influence of Lobbying Activity in State Legislatures: Evidence from Wisconsin XXXVI, 567

Heller, William B., Bicameralism and Budget Deficits: The Effect of Parliamentary Structure on Government Spending XXII,485

Heller, William B., Gary W. Cox, and Mathew D. McCubbins, Agenda Power in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, 1988-2000 XXXIII,171

Henderson, Thomas A., and Glenn Abney, Representation of Local Officials by U.S. State Legislators IV,63

Henneman, John Bell, Editor's Introduction: Studies in the History of Parliaments VII,161

Henry, Ann R., and Diane Kincaid Blair, The Family Factor in State Legislative Turnover VI,55

Henry, Keith, James E. Campbell, and John R. Alford, Television Markets and Congressional Elections IX,665

Henschen, Beth M., Judicial Use of Legislative History and Intent in Statutory Interpretation X,353

Herrera, Cheryl L., Eric R.A.N. Smith, and Richard Herrera, The Measurement Characteristics of Congressional Roll-Call Indexes XV,283

Herrera, Richard, Cheryl L. Herrera, and Eric R.A.N. Smith, The Measurement Characteristics of Congressional Roll-Call Indexes XV,283

Herrick, Rebekah, and Samuel H. Fisher III, Whistle While You Work: Job Satisfaction and Retirement from the U.S. House XXVII,445

Herrick, Rebekah and David L. Nixon, Is There Life After Congress? Patterns and Determinants of Post-Congressional Careers XXI,489

Herrnson, Paul S., and David M. Cantor, Party Campaign Activity and Party Unity in the U.S. House of Representatives XXII,393

Herrnson, Paul S., and James M. Curry, Issue Voting and Partisan Defections in Congressional Elections XXXVI, 281

Herrnson, Paul S., and Irwin L. Morris, Presidential Campaigning in the 2002 Congressional Elections XXXII, 629

Herrnson, Paul S., Irwin L. Morris, and John McTague, The Impact of Presidential Campaigning for Congress on Presidential Support in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXVI, 99

Herrnson, Paul S., Clyde Wilcox, and Robert Biersack, Seeds for Success: Early Money in Congressional Elections XVIII,535

Herron, Erik S., Electoral Influences on Legislative Behavior in Mixed Member Systems: Evidence from Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada XXVII,361

Herron, Michael C., Artificial Extremism in Interest Group Ratings and the Preferences versus Party Debate XXIV,525

Herron, Michael C., and Kenneth W. Shotts, Term Limits and Pork XXXI,383

Herron, Michael C., and Brett A. Theodos, Government Redistribution in the Shadow of Legislative Elections: A Study of the Illinois Member Initiative Grants Program XXIX,287

Hertig, Hans-Peter, Party Cohesion in the Swiss Parliament III,63

Heterogeneous Parties and Political Organization: The U.S. Senate, 1880-1920, David Brady, Richard Brody, and David Epstein XIV,205

Hettinger, Virginia A., and Christopher Zorn, Explaining the Incidence and Timing of Congressional Responses to the U.S. Supreme Court XXX,5

Hibbing, John R., How to Make Congress Popular XXVII,219

Hibbing, John R., Legislative Careers: Why and How We Should Study Them XXIV,149

Hibbing, John R., Voluntary Retirement from the U.S. House: The Costs of Congressional Service VII,57

Hibbing, John R., Washington on 75 Dollars a Day: Members of Congress Voting on Their Own Tax Break VIII,219

Hibbing, John R., and John R. Alford, Constituency Population and Representation in the U.S. Senate XV,581

Hibbing, John R., and David Marsh, Accounting for the Voting Patterns of British MPs on Free Votes XII,275

Hibbing, John R., and John G. Peters, Editors' Introduction: Hendricks Symposium Papers on Internal Operations of the U.S. Senate XIV,309

Hibbing, John R., and John G. Peters, Editors' Introduction: Hendricks Symposium Papers on Senate Elections and Representation XIV,461

Hibbing, John R., and John G. Peters, Studying the U.S. Senate: An Introduction to the Hendricks Symposium Papers XIV,163

Hibbing, Matthew V., Tracy Sulkin, and Matthew Hayes, Redistricting, Responsiveness, and Issue Attention XXXV, 91

Hickman, John, The Effect of Open Seats on Challenger Strength in Japanese Lower House Elections XVII,573

Highton, Benjamin, Job Approval and Senate Election Outcomes in the United States XXXIII,245

Hill, Jeffrey S., Bernard Grofman, and Richard Niemi, The Impact of Multimember Districts on Party Representation in U.S. State Legislatures X,441

Hill, Kim Quaile, Multiple-Method Measurement of Legislators' Ideologies XXVI,263

Hinckley, Barbara, 'Stylized' Opposition in the U.S. House of Representatives: The Effects of Coalition Behavior II,5

Hirano, Shigeo, Third Parties, Elections, and Roll-Call Votes: The Populist Party and the Late Nineteenth-Century U.S. Congress XXXIII,131

Hix, Simon, and Abdul Noury, After Enlargement: Voting Patterns in the Sixth European Parliament XXXIV,159

Hogan Robert E., Sources of Competition in State Legislative Primary Elections XXVIII,103

Hogan, Robert E., Voter Contact Techniques in State Legislative Campaigns: The Prevalence of Mass Media Advertising XXII,551

Holbrook, Thomas M., and Charles M. Tidmarch, Sophomore Surge in State Legislative Elections, 1968-86 XVI,49

Holian, David B., Timothy B. Krebs, and Michael H. Walsh, Constituency Opinion, Ross Perot, and Roll-Call Behavior in the U.S. House: The Case of the NAFTA XXII,369

Holtzman, Abraham, Empire and Representation: The U.S. Congress XI,249

The Home Style Homepage: Legislator Use of the World Wide Web for Constituency Contact, E. Scott Adler, Chariti E. Gent, and Cary B. Overmeyer XXIII,585

Home Style in New Zealand, J. Theodore Anagnoson VIII,157

Home Style of a U.S. Senator: A Longitudinal Analysis, William A. Taggart and Robert F. Durant X,489

Hood, M.V., and Irwin L. Morris, Boll Weevils and Roll-Call Voting: A Study in Time and Space XXIII,245

Hood, M.V., III, Quentin Kidd, and Irwin L. Morris, The Key Issue: Constituency Effects and Southern Senators’ Roll-Call Voting on Civil Rights XXVI,599

The House Appropriations Committee, FY 1963-82: A Micro-Budgetary Perspective, Shirley M. Geiger XIX,397

House Committee Assignments of Women and Minority Newcomers, 1965–1994, Sally Friedman XXI,73

The House Divided: Ideological Polarization Over Aid to the Nicaraguan "Contras", William M. LeoGrande and Philip Brenner XVIII,105

The House is Not a Home: British MPs and Their Constituencies, Bruce E. Cain, John A. Ferejohn, and Morris P. Fiorina IV,499

House Members as Newsmakers: The Effects of Televising Congress, Timothy E. Cook XI,203

House Members Who Become Senators: Learning from a 'Natural Experiment' in Representation, Bernard Grofman, Robert Griffin, and Gregory Berry XX,513

House Party Switchers and Committee Assignments: Who Gets "What, When, How?" Antoine Yoshinaka XXX,391

The House Says 'No' to Public Financing of Congressional Campaigns, Gary W. Copeland IX,487

House Special Rules and the Institutional Design Controversy, Barbara Sinclair XIX,477

House to Senate Career Movement in the U.S. States: The Significance of Selectivity, Wayne L. Francis XVIII,309

How Interest Groups Select Issues for Rating Voting Records of Members of the U.S. Congress, Linda L. Fowler VII,401

How Legislatures Shape Policy and Budgets, Bruce I. Oppenheimer VIII,551

How Parties Create Electoral Democracy, Chapter 2, Royce Carroll, Gary W. Cox, and Mónica Pachón  XXXI, 153

How Strong Should Our Party Be? Party Member Preferences Over Party Cohesion, Craig Volden and Elizabeth Bergman XXXI, 71

How to Make Congress Popular, John R. Hibbing XXVII,219

Howell, William, Scott Adler, Charles Cameron, and Charles Riemann,  Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress 1945-94 XXV,285

Hoyer, Robert, Gary F. Moncrief, Joel A. Thompson, and Michael Haddon, For Whom the Bell Tolls: Term Limits and State Legislatures XVII,37

Huber, John D., and Charles R. Shipan, The Costs of Control: Legislators, Agencies, and Transaction Costs XXV,25

Hug, Simon, Clifford Carrubba, and Matthew Gabel, Legislative Voting Behavior, Seen and Unseen: A Theory of Roll-call Vote Selection XXXIII, 543

Humes, Brian D., Congress at the Bicentennial: A Comment XIV,135

The Hunting of the Legislative Snark: Information Searches and Reforms in U.S. State Legislatures, Peter Wissel, Robert O'Connor, and Michael King I,251

Hurley, Patricia A., Collective Representation Reappraised VII,119

Hurley, Patricia A., and Brinck Kerr, The Effects of Party Advantage on the Partisan Support of New U.S. House Members XXV,53 

Hurley, Patricia A., and Rick K. Wilson, Partisan Voting Patterns in the U.S. Senate, 1877-1986 XIV,225

Hurley, Patricia A., David W. Brady, and Joseph Cooper, Measuring Legislative Potential for Policy Change II,385

Hurley, Patricia A., David W. Brady, and Joseph Cooper, The Decline of Party in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1887-1968 IV,381

Hutchings, Vincent L., Issue Salience and Support for Civil Rights Legislation Among Southern Democrats XXIII,521

I
Identifying Voting Strategies from Roll Call Votes: A Method and an Application,
Donald J. McCrone II,177

Ideological Change in the U.S. Senate: Time and Electoral Responsiveness, Richard D. Elling VII,75

Ideological Distance from the Majority Party and Public Approval of Congress, David R. Jones and Monika L. McDermott XXVII,245

Ideological Oppositions and Consociational Attitudes in the Belgian Parliament, Guido Dierickx III,133

Ideology and Senate Voting on the Panama Canal Treaties, James M. McCormick and Michael Black VIII,45

Ilonszki, Gabriella, and David Judge, Member-Constituency Linkages in the Hungarian Parliament XX,161

Images of Belgian Politics: The Effects of Cleavages on the Political System, Martine DeRidder, Robert L. Peterson, and Rex Wirth III,83

The Impact of Annual Authorizations on Military Appropriations in the U.S. Congress, John R. Gist VI,439

The Impact of Bicameralism on Legislative Production, James R. Rogers XXVIII,509

The Impact of Constituency Diversity Upon the Competitiveness of U.S. House Elections, 1962–96, William Koetzle XXIII,561

The Impact of Federalism on National Party Cohesion in Brazil, Scott W. Desposato XXIX,259

The Impact of Multimember Districts on Party Representation in U.S. State Legislatures, Richard Niemi, Jeffrey S. Hill, and Bernard Grofman X,441

The Impact of Party and Ideology on Roll-Call Voting in State Legislatures, Shannon Jenkins XXXI, 235

The Impact of Party Recruitment Activity Upon Legislative Role Orientations: A Path Analysis, James A. Thurber I,533

The Impact of Presidential Campaigning for Congress on Presidential Support in the U.S. House of Representatives, Paul S. Herrnson, Irwin L. Morris, and John McTague XXXVI, 99

The Impact of Public Financing on Electoral Competitiveness: Evidence from Wisconsin, 1964-1990, Kenneth R. Mayer and John W. Wood XX,69

The Impact of Term Limits on the Candidacy Decisions of State Legislators in U.S. House Elections, Richard J. Powell  XXV,645

The Impact of the Modern Presidency on Presidential Success in the U.S. Congress, Jeffrey E. Cohen VII,515

The Impact of the Voting Rights Act on Black Representation in Southern State Legislatures, Bernard Grofman and Lisa Handley XVI,111

The Impact of Unified Party Government on Campaign Contributions, Erik J. Engstrom and William Ewell XXXV,543

The Impact of U.S. Governors on Party Voting in One-Party Dominated Legislatures, E. Lee Bernick III,431

The Impersonal Vote? Constituency Service and Incumbency Advantage in British Elections, 1950–92, Brian J. Gaines XIII, 167

The Importance of Issues in Senate Campaigns: Citizens’ Reception of Issue Messages, Kim Fridkin Kahn and Patrick J. Kenney XXVI,573

The Importance of Winning Big, Robert E. Goodin II,399

In Search of Killer Amendments in the Modern U.S. House, Charles J. Finocchiaro and Jeffery A. Jenkins XXXIII,263

The Incidence and Timing of PAC Contributions to Incumbent U.S. House Members, 1993-94, Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, Peter M. Radcliffe, and Brandon M. Bartels XXX,549

The Increasing Advantage of Incumbency in the U.S. States, Gary W. Cox and Scott Morgenstern XVIII,495

Incumbency Advantage and the Persistence of Legislative Majorities, Stephen Ansolabehere and Alan Gerber XXII,161

The Incumbency Advantage in Multimember Districts: Evidence from the U.S. States, Gary W. Cox and Scott Morgenstern XX,329

Incumbent Popularity, Challenger Invisibility, and Congressional Voters, Lyn Ragsdale VI,201

Incumbents' Advantages in the 1978 U.S. Congressional Elections, Gary C. Jacobson VI,183

Indriðason, Indriði, and Christopher Kam, The Timing of Cabinet Reshuffles in Five Westminster Parliamentary Systems XXX,327

The Inefficient Secret Revisited: The Legislative Input and Output of Brazilian Deputies, Octavio Amorim Neto and Fabiano Santos XXVIII,449

The Influence of British Parliamentary Committees on European Communities Legislation, Harris N. Miller II,45

The Influence of Conference Committees on Policy Outcomes, Ryan J. Vander Wielen XXXV,487

The Influence of Constituency Diversity on Electoral Competition in Voting for Congress, 1974-1978, Jon R. Bond VIII,201

The Influence of Empirical Research: Committee vs. Floor Decision Making, Donald R. Songer XIII,375

The Influence of Governors on Veto Override Attempts: A Test of Pivotal Politics, Vicky M. Wilkins and Garry Young XXVII,557

The Influence of Ideology on British Labour MPs in Voting on EEC Issues, Jorgen Rasmussen and James M. McCormick X,203

The Influence of Lobbying Activity in State Legislatures: Evidence from Wisconsin, Nathan Grasse and Brianne Heidbreder XXXVI, 567

The Influence of Political Consultants in the 1992 Congressional Elections, Stephen K. Medvic and Silvo Lenart XXII,61

The Influence of Recruitment on the Structure of Power in the U.S. House, 1870-1940, Peter Swenson VII,7

The Influence of Standing Committees of Parliament on Government Legislation, Paul G. Thomas III,683

Influence Without Confidence: Upper Chambers and Government Formation, James N. Druckman, Lanny W. Martin, and Michael F. Thies XXX,529

Influences of Members' Goals on Their Committee Behavior: The U.S. House Judiciary Committee, Lynette P. Perkins V,373

Influences on Voter Turnout for U.S. House Elections in Non-Presidential Years, Franklin D. Gilliam, Jr. X,339

Influencing from Impaired Administrations: Presidents, White House Scandals, and Legislative Leadership, Scott R. Meinke and William D. Anderson XXVI,639

Information and Decision Making in the Dutch Parliament, M.P.C.M. van Schendelen I,231

Information and Voting in California Senate Elections, Gary C. Jacobson and Raymond E. Wolfinger XIV,509

Information as a Factor in Congressional Politics, Bruce Bimber XVI,585

Information Sources in State Legislative Decision Making, Christopher Z. Mooney XVI,445

Information, Recall, and Accountability: The Electorate’s Response to the Clarence Thomas Nomination, Robin M. Wolpert and James G. Gimpel XXII,535

Ingall, Rachael E., and Brian F. Crisp, Determinants of Home Style: The Many Incentives for Going Home in Colombia XXVI,487

The Institutional and Demographic Determinants of Latino Representation in U.S. State Legislatures, Jason P. Casellas XXXIV,399

Institutional Change, Party Discipline, and the House Democratic Caucus, 1911-19, Matthew N. Green XXVII,601

The Institutional Origins of the Republican Party: Spatial Voting and the House Speakership Election of 1855-56, Jeffery A. Jenkins and Timothy P. Nokken XXV,101

Institutional Rules and Legislative Outcomes in the Italian Parliament, Giuseppe Di Palma I,147

Institutional Rules and State Legislator Compensation: Success for the Reform Movement? David L. Sollars XIX,507

The Institutionalization of Leadership in the U.S. Congress, David T. Canon XIV,415

Institutionalization of Parliament and Parliamentarization of Parties in Italy, Robert Leonardi, Raffaella Nane+tti, and Gianfranco Pasquino III,161

Institutionalizing Chinese Legislatures: Trade-offs Between Autonomy and Capacity, Kevin J. O’Brien and Laura M. Luehrmann XXIII,91

Institutions and Strategy in Parliamentary Democracy: A Review Article, Kaare Strøm XXIII,127

Intended Consequences: Jurisdictional Reform and Issue Control in the U.S. House of Representatives, E. Scott Adler and John D. Wilkerson XXXIII,85

Interest Group Influence in the U.S. Congress, Richard A. Smith XX,89

Interest Group Resources and Testimony at Congressional Hearings, Kevin M. Leyden XX,431

Interest Groups, Congressional Reform, and Party Government in the United States, John R. Wright XXV,217

Interest Representation and Democratic Gridlock, Virginia Gray and David Lowery XX,531

Intergenerational Warfare: The Senate Decentralizes Appropriations, Eric Schickler and John Sides XXV,551

Interparty Competition in the U.S. States: Legislative Elections, 1970-1978, Charles M. Tidmarch, Edward Lonergan, and John Sciortino XI,353

Interpreting Candidate Awareness in U.S. Congressional Elections, Glenn R. Parker VI,219

Interpreting U.S. Congressional Elections: The Exposure Thesis, Bruce I. Oppenheimer, James A. Stimson, and Richard W. Waterman XI,227

Invisible Politics: Institutional Incentives and Legislative Alignments in the Russian Duma, 1996-99, Tanya Bagashka  XXXIII,415

Iraq Casualties and the 2006 Senate Elections, Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen  XXXII,507

The Iraq War, Partisanship, and Candidate Attributes: Variation in Partisan Swing in the 2006 U.S. House Elections, Christian R. Grose and Bruce I. Oppenheimer XXXII,531

Irwin, Galen, Ian Budge, and Dennis Farlie, Social Background vs. Motivational Determinants of Legislative Careers in The Netherlands IV,447

Is the Senate More Liberal Than the House? Another Look, Bernard Grofman, Robert Griffin, and Amihai Glazer XVI,281

Is There a Political Life Cycle in the House of Representatives? Glenn R. Parker XI,375

Is There Life After Congress? Patterns and Determinants of Post-Congressional Careers, Rebekah Herrick and David L. Nixon XXI,489

Is Timing Everything? Retirement and Seat Maintenance in the U.S. House of Representatives, C. Douglas Swearingen and Walt Jatkowski III XXXVI, 309

Issue Accountability and the Mass Public, Brandice Canes-Wrone, William Minozzi, and Jessica Bonney Reveley XXXVI, 5

Issue Attention and Legislative Proposals in the U.S. Senate, Jonathan Woon XXXIV, 29

Issue Salience and State Legislative Effectiveness, Carol S. Weissert XVI,509

Issue Salience and Support for Civil Rights Legislation Among Southern Democrats, Vincent L. Hutchings XXIII,521

Issue Voting and Partisan Defections in Congressional Elections, Paul S. Herrnson and James M. Curry XXXVI, 281

"It Takes a Coalition": Coalition Potential and Legislative Decision Making, Deniz Aksoy XXXV,519

"It's Money that Matters": Campaign Expenditures and State Legislative Primaries, David A. Breaux and Anthony Gierzynski XVI,429

It's Monica, Stupid: The Impeachment Controversy and the 1998 Midterm Election, Alan I. Abramowitz  XXVI,211

It's Not You, It's Me: Determinants of Voluntary Legislative Turnover in Canada, Matthew Kerby and Kelly Blidook XXXVI, 621

J
Jackman, Simon, and Joshua D. Clinton, To Simulate or NOMINATE? XXXIV, 593

Jackman, Simon, and Richard G. Niemi, Bias and Responsiveness in State Legislative Districting XVI,183

Jackman, Simon, Laura R. Winsky, and Richard G. Niemi, Candidacies and Competitiveness in Multimember Districts XVI,91

Jackson, Robert A., The Mobilization of Congressional Elections XXI,425

Jackson, John S., III, and Kwang S. Shin, Membership Turnover in U.S. State Legislatures: 1931-1976 IV,95

Jacobi, Tonja, The Senatorial Courtesy Game: Explaining the Norm of Informal Votes in Advice and Consent Nominations XXX,193

Jacobson, Gary C., Incumbents' Advantages in the 1978 U.S. Congressional Elections VI,183

Jacobson, Gary C., and Samuel Kernell, National Forces in the 1986 U.S. House Elections XV,65

Jacobson, Gary C., and Raymond E. Wolfinger, Information and Voting in California Senate Elections XIV,509

Jacobson, Gary C., Samuel Kernell, and Jeffrey Lazarus, Assessing the President’s Role as Party Agent in Congressional Elections: The Case of Bill Clinton in 2000, XXIX,159

Jahan, Rounaq, Members of Parliament in Bangladesh I,355

Jatkowski III, Walt, and C. Douglas Swearingen Is Timing Everything? Retirement and Seat Maintenance in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXVI, 309

Jenkins, Jeffery A., Property Rights and the Emergence of Standing Committee Dominance in the Nineteenth Century House XXIII,493

Jenkins, Jeffery A., and Charles J. Finocchiaro, In Search of Killer Amendments in the Modern U.S. House XXXIII,263

Jenkins, Jeffery A. and Timothy P. Nokken, The Institutional Origins of the Republican Party: Spatial Voting and the House Speakership Election of 1855-56 XXV,101

Jenkins, Jeffery A., and Charles Stewart III, Out in the Open: The Emergence of Viva Voce Voting in House Speakership Elections XXVIII,481

Jenkins, Jeffery A., Michael H. Crespin, and Jamie L. Carson, Parties as Procedural Coalitions in Congress: An Examination of Differing Career Tracks XXX,365  

Jenkins, Shannon , The Impact of Party and Ideology on Roll-Call Voting in State Legislatures XXXI, 235

Jenkins, Shannon, John Frendreis, Alan R. Gitelson, and Douglas R. Roscoe, Testing Spatial Models of Elections: The Influence of Voters and Elites on Candidate Issue Positions XXVIII,77

Jessee, Stephen, and Neil Malhotra, Are Congressional Leaders Middlepersons or Extremists? Yes XXXV, 361

Jewell, Malcolm E., Editor's Introduction: State Legislative Elections XVI,1

Jewell, Malcolm E., Editor's Introduction: The State of U.S. State Legislative Research VI,1

Jewell, Malcolm E., Legislative Studies in Western Democracies: A Comparative Perspective III,537

Jewell, Malcolm E., Legislator-Constituency Relations and the Representative Process VIII,303

Jewell, Malcolm E., Legislators and Their Districts: A Review Article XIII,403

Jewell, Malcolm E., New Perspectives on the U.S. Congress: A Review Article II,77

Jewell, Malcolm E., Trends in Research on U.S. State Legislatures: A Review Article XXII,265

Jewell, Malcolm E., and David Breaux, Southern Primary and Electoral Competition and Incumbent Success XVI,129

Jewell, Malcolm E., and David Breaux, The Effect of Incumbency on State Legislative Elections XIII,495

Jewell, Malcolm E., and Gerhard Loewenberg, Editors' Introduction: Toward a New Model of Legislative Representation IV,485

Jewett, Aubrey W., Partisan Change in Southern Legislatures XXVI,457

Jillson, Calvin C., and Rick K. Wilson, Leadership Patterns in the Continental Congress: 1774-1789 XIV,5

Jillson, Calvin C., and Rick K. Wilson, A Social Choice Model of Politics: Insights into the Demise of the U.S. Continental Congress XII,5

Job Approval and Senate Election Outcomes in the United States, Benjamin Highton XXXIII,245

The Job of Representation in Congress: Public Expectations and Representative Approval, J. Tobin Grant and Thomas J. Rudolph XXIX,431

Joe Cannon and the Minority Party: Tyranny or Bipartisanship? Keith Krehbiel and Alan E. Wiseman XXX,479

Johannes, John R., Casework as a Technique of U.S. Congressional Oversight of the Executive IV,325

Johannes, John R., The Distribution of Casework in the U.S. Congress: An Uneven Burden V,517

Johnson, Loch, The U.S. Congress and the CIA: Monitoring the Dark Side of Government V,477

Johnson, Martin, Robert M. Stein, and Stephanie Shirley Post,  Public Support for Term Limits: Another Look at Conventional Thinking XXVII,459

Joint Electoral Outcomes as Cues for Congressional Support of U.S. Presidents, Kathryn Newcomer Harmon and Marsha L. Brauen IV,281

Jones, Charles E., Testing a Legislative Strategy: The Congressional Black Caucus' Action-Alert Communications Network XII,521

Jones, Charles O., Editor's Introduction: Congress at the Bicentennial XIV,1

Jones, Charles O., New Directions in U.S. Congressional Research: A Review Article VI,455

Jones, Charles O., and Randall Strahan, The Effect of Energy Politics on Congressional and Executive Organization in the 1970s X,151

Jones, David R., and Monika L. McDermott, Congressional Performance, Incumbent Behavior, and Voting in Senate Elections XXX,235

Jones, David R., and Monika L. McDermott, Ideological Distance from the Majority Party and Public Approval of Congress XXVII,245

Jones, Mark P., Noah Kaplan, Eduardo Alemán, and Ernesto Calvo, Comparing Cosponsorship and Roll-Call Ideal Points XXXIV,87

Jones, Ruth S., and Thomas J. Borris, Strategic Contributing in Legislative Campaigns: The Case of Minnesota X,89

Jordan, Margaret, Mark N. Franklin, and Alison Baxter, Dissent in the British House of Commons: Response to Norton's Rejoinder XII,152

Jordan, Margaret, Mark N. Franklin, and Alison Baxter, Who Were the Rebels? Dissent in the House of Commons, 1970-1974 XI,143

Joseph G. Cannon: Majoritarian from Illinois, Keith Krehbiel and Alan Wiseman XXVI, 357

Judge, David, and Gabriella Ilonszki, Member-Constituency Linkages in the Hungarian Parliament XX,161

Judicial Procedures as Instruments of Political Control: Congress' Strategic Use of Citizen Suits, Joseph L. Smith XXXI, 283

Judicial Use of Legislative History and Intent in Statutory Interpretation, Beth M. Henschen X,353

K
Kada, Naoko, The Role of Investigative Committees in the Presidential Impeachment Processes in Brazil and Colombia XXVIII,29

Kahn, Kim Fridkin, Characteristics of Press Coverage in Senate and Gubernatorial Elections: Information Available to Voters XX,23

Kahn, Kim Fridkin, Senate Elections in the News: Examining Campaign Coverage XVI,349

Kahn, Kim Fridkin, and Patrick J. Kenney, The Importance of Issues in Senate Campaigns: Citizens’ Reception of Issue Messages XXVI,573

Kaiser, Fred, Oversight of Foreign Policy: The U.S. House Committee on International Relations II,255

Kalandrakis, Tasos, Bicameral Winning Coalitions and Equilibrium Federal Legislatures XXIX,49

Kalaycioglu, Ersin, Why Legislatures Persist in Developing Countries: The Case of Turkey V,123

Kam, Christopher, and Indriði Indriðason, The Timing of Cabinet Reshuffles in Five Westminster Parliament Systems XXX,327

Kaplan, Noah, Eduardo Alemán, Ernesto Calvo, and Mark P. Jones, Comparing Cosponsorship and Roll-Call Ideal Points XXXIV,87

Karlsson, David, Mikael Gilljam, and Mikael Persson, Representatives' Attitudes Toward Citizen Protests in Sweden: The Impact of Ideology, Parliamentary Position, and Experiences XXXVII, 251

Karpowicz, Ewa, Frantisek Formanek, and John M. Carey, Legislative Autonomy in New Regimes: The Czech and Polish Cases XXIV,569

Karps, Paul D., and Heinz Eulau, The Puzzle of Representation: Specifying Components of Responsiveness II,233

Kazee, Thomas A., The Decision to Run for the U.S. Congress: Challenger Attitudes in the 1970s V,79

Kazee, Thomas A., The Deterrent Effect of Incumbency on Recruiting Challengers in U.S. House Elections VIII,469

Kazee, Thomas A., David W. Prince, and L. Marvin Overby, Committee Outliers in State Legislatures XXIX,81

Kearney, Matthew C., Brian F. Crisp, and Scott W. Desposato, Using Cosponsorship to Estimate Ideal Points XXXVI, 531

Keating, Michael J., Parliamentary Behaviour as a Test of Scottish Integration into the United Kingdom III,409

Keith, Gary, Comparing Legislative Studies Groups in Three States VI,69

Kelly, Jason P., The Strategic Use of Prisons in Partisan Gerrymandering XXXVII, 117

Kenney, Patrick J., Explaining Primary Turnout: The Senatorial Case XI,65

Kenney, Patrick J., and Kim Fridkin Kahn, The Importance of Issues in Senate Campaigns: Citizens’ Reception of Issue Messages XXVI,573

Kenski, Henry C., and Lee Sigelman, Where the Votes Come From: Group Components of the 1988 Senate Vote XVIII,367

Kephart, Thomas, Roger H. Davidson, and Walter J. Oleszek, One Bill, Many Committees: Multiple Referrals in the U.S. House of Representatives XIII,3

Kerby, Matthew, and Kelly Blidook, It's Not You, It's Me: Determinants of Voluntary Legislative Turnover in Canada XXXVI, 621

Kernell, Samuel, and Gary C. Jacobson, National Forces in the 1986 U.S. House Elections XV,65

Kernell,  Samuel, Jeffrey Lazarus, and Gary C. Jacobson, Assessing the President’s Role as Party Agent in Congressional Elections: The Case of Bill Clinton in 2000, XXIX,159

Kerr, Brinck, and Patricia A. Hurley, The Effects of Party Advantage on the Partisan Support of New U.S. House Members XXV,53 

Kerr, Henry H., Jr., The Structure of Opposition in the Swiss Parliament III,51

The Key Issue: Constituency Effects and Southern Senators’ Roll-Call Voting on Civil Rights, M.V. Hood III, Quentin Kidd, and Irwin L. Morris XXVI,599

The Keys to Legislative Success in the U.S. House of Representatives, William D. Anderson, Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, and Valeria Sinclair-Chapman XXVIII,357

Khan, Shahnaz, and Nizam Ahmed, The Development of Parliamentary Oversight in Bangladesh: A Research Note XX,573

Kidd, Quentin, M.V. Hood III, and Irwin L. Morris, The Key Issue: Constituency Effects and Southern Senators’ Roll-Call Voting on Civil Rights XXVI,599

Kiewiet, D. Roderick, and Mathew D. McCubbins, Appropriations Decisions as Bilateral Bargaining Game Between President and Congress X,181

Kiewiet, D. Roderick, and Mikhail G. Myagkov, Czar Rule in the Russian Congress of People’s Deputies? XXI,5

Kile, Charles, Gary J. Miller, and Thomas H. Hammond, Bicameralism and the Core: An Experimental Test XXI,83

Kim, Chong Lim, and Gerhard Loewenberg, Comparing the Representativeness of Parliaments III,27

Kim, Chong Lim, and Gerhard Loewenberg, The Cultural Roots of a New Legislature: Public Perceptions of the Korean National Assembly I,371

Kim, Thomas P., Clarence Thomas and the Politicization of Candidate Gender in the 1992 Senate Elections XXIII,399

Kim, Thomas P., Paul Frymer, and Terri L. Bimes, Party Elites, Ideological Voters, and Divided Party Government XXII,195

Kimball, David C., Priming Partisan Evaluations of Congress XXX,63

King, Anthony, Modes of Executive-Legislative Relations: Great Britain, France, and West Germany I,11

King, David C., and Richard J. Zeckhauser, Congressional Vote Option XXVIII,387

King, Gary, Electoral Responsiveness and Partisan Bias in Multiparty Democracies XV,159

King, James D., Changes in Professionalism in U.S. State Legislatures XXV,327

King, Michael, Peter Wissel, and Robert O'Connor, The Hunting of the Legislative Snark: Information Searches and Reforms in U.S. State Legislatures I, 251

Kirkland, Justin H., Multimember Districts' Effect on Collaboration between U.S. State Legislators XXXVII, 329

Kline, Harvey F., Committee Membership Turnover in the Colombian National Congress, 1958-1974 II,29

Koetzle, William, The Impact of Constituency Diversity Upon the Competitiveness of U.S. House Elections, 1962–96 XXIII,561

Koetzle, William, Bernard Grofman, and Thomas L. Brunell, Why Gain in the Senate But Midterm Loss in the House? Evidence from a Natural Experiment XXIII,79

Koetzle, William, Bernard Grofman, and Anthony J. McGann, Congressional Leadership 1965-96: A New Look at the Extremism versus Centrality Debate XXVII,87

Koetzle, William, Thomas L. Brunell, John DiNardo, Bernard Grofman, and Scott L. Feld, The R2=.93: Where Then Do They Differ? Comparing Liberal and Conservative Interest Group Ratings XXIV,87

Koger, Gregory, Position Taking and Cosponsorship in the U.S. House XXVIII,225

Konisky, David M., and Michiko Ueda, The Effects of Uncontested Elections on Legislator Performance XXXVI, 199

Konisky, David M., Jeffrey Milyo, and Lilliard E. Richardson, Jr., Public Approval of U.S. State Legislatures XXXVII, 99

Kornberg, Allan, and Colin Campbell, Parliament in Canada: A Decade of Published Research III,555

Kornberg, Allan, and Harold D. Clarke, Do National Elections Affect Perceptions of MP Responsiveness? A Note on the Canadian Case XVII,183

Kousser, J. Morgan, Estimating the Partisan Consequences of Redistricting Plans—Simply XXI,521

Kousser, Thad, and Justin H. Phillips, Who Blinks First? Legislative Patience and Bargaining with Governors XXXIV,55

Krashinsky, Michael, and William J. Milne, The Effects of Incumbency in U.S. Congressional Elections, 1950-1988 XVIII,321

Krause, George A., Randolph R. Moffett, and Robert Jay Dilger, State Legislative Professionalism and Gubernatorial Effectiveness: 1978-1991 XX,553

Krause, Robert, Robert Williams, Geoffrey Hawker, and John Halligan, Constituency Service Among Sub-National Legislators in Australia and Canada XIII,49

Kravitz, Walter, The Advent of the Modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 XV,375

Krebs, Timothy B., David B. Holian, and Michael H. Walsh, Constituency Opinion, Ross Perot, and Roll-Call Behavior in the U.S. House: The Case of the NAFTA XXII,369

Krehbiel, Keith, Deference, Extremism, and Interest Group Ratings XIX,61

Krehbiel, Keith, Paradoxes of Parties in Congress XXIV,31

Krehbiel, Keith, Spatial Models of Legislative Choice XIII,259

Krehbiel, Keith, and Thomas W. Gilligan, The Gains from Exchange Hypothesis of Legislative Organizations XIX,181

Krehbiel, Keith, and Adam Meirowitz, Minority Rights and Majority Power: Theoretical Consequences of the Motion to Recommit XXVII,191

Krehbiel, Keith, and Alan E. Wiseman, Joe Cannon and the Minority Party: Tyranny or Bipartisanship? XXX,479

Krehbiel, Keith, and Alan Wiseman, Joseph G. Cannon: Majoritarian from Illinois XXVI,357

Kriner, Douglas, and Liam Schwartz, Divided Government and Congressional Investigations XXXIII,295

Kriner, Douglas L., and Francis X. Shen, Iraq Casualties and the 2006 Senate Elections XXXII,507

Kroenig, Matthew, and M. Steven Fish, A Response to Desposato's  Review of The Handbook of National Legislatures XXXVII, 397

Krutz, Glen S., Getting Around Gridlock: The Effect of Omnibus Utilization on Legislative Productivity XXV,53 3

Kuklinski, James H., Representative-Constituency Linkages: A Review Article IV,121

Kuklinski, James H., and Gary M. Segura, Endogeneity, Exogeneity, Time, and Space in Political Representation XX,3

Kumbhat, M.C., and Y.M. Marican, Constituent Orientation Among Malaysian State Legislators I,389

Kunkel, Joseph A., III, Party Endorsement and Incumbency in Minnesota Legislative Nominations XIII,211

Kurtz, Karl T., Gary F. Moncrief, and Joel A. Thompson, The Old Statehouse, It Ain’t What It Used to Be XXI,57

Kurtz, Karl T., M. Glenn Newkirk, William T. Pound, and Carl D. Tubbesing, The State of U.S. State Legislative Research: A Comment VI,27

The Kuwaiti Legislature as Ombudsman: The Legislative Committee on Petitions and Complaints, Abdo I. Baaklini. III,293

Kwon, W.H., and G.R. Boynton, An Analysis of Consociational Democracy III,11

L
Langbein, Laura I., and Mark A. Lotwis, The Political Efficacy of Lobbying and Money: Gun Control in the U.S. House, 1986 XV,413

Langston, Joy, Governors and "Their" Deputies: New Legislative Principals in Mexico XXXV, 235

Lapinski, John, and Joshua D. Clinton, Laws and Roll Calls in the U.S. Congress, 1891–1994 XXXIII, 511

Laporte, Jean, and Stanley Campbell, The Staff of the Parliamentary Assemblies in France VI,521

La Raja, Raymond J., and D.E. Apollonio, Term Limits, Campaign Contributions, and the Distribution of Power in State Legislatures XXXI, 259

Larson, Bruce A., and Eric S. Heberlig, Redistributing Campaign Funds by U.S. House Members: The Spiraling Costs of the Permanent Campaign XXX,597

Lascher, Edward L. Jr., Assessing Legislative Deliberation: A Preface to Empirical Analysis XXI,501

Last Post for “The Greatest Generation”: The Policy Implications of the Decline of Military Experience in the U.S. Congress, William T. Bianco XXX,85

Latino Representation on Congressional Websites, Walter Wilson XXXIV, 427

Lauderdale, Benjamin E., and Cesar Zucco Jr., Distinguishing Between Influences on Brazilian Legislative Behavior XXXVI, 363

Lauth, Thomas P., The Governor and the Conference Committee in Georgia XV,441

Laver, Michael, Divided Parties, Divided Government XXIV,5

Laver, Michael, and Ian Budge, Office-Seeking and Policy Pursuit in Coalition Theory XI,485

Laver, Michael, and Ian Budge, Policy, Ideology, and Party Distance: Analysis of Election Programmes in 19 Democracies XI,607

Laver, Michael, Will Lowe, Kenneth Benoit, and Slava Mikhaylov, Scaling Policy Preferences from Coded Political Texts XXXVI, 123


Law, R. Brian, and Linda L. Fowler, Seen But Not Heard: Committee Visibility and Institutional Change in the Senate National Security Committees, 1947-2006  XXXIII,357

Lawless, Jennifer L., and Sean M. Theriault Will She Stay or Will She Go? Career Ceilings and Women's Retirement from the U.S. Congress XXX,581

Lawless, Jennifer L., Courtney Feeley, and Richard L. Fox, Gender and the Decision to Run for Office XXVI,411

Lawrence, Eric D., Forrest Maltzman, and Steven S. Smith, Who Wins? Party Effects in Legislative Voting XXXI, 33

Laws and Roll Calls in the U.S. Congress, 1891–1994, Joshua D. Clinton and John Lapinski XXXIII, 511

Lazarus, Jeffrey, Unintended Consequences: How the Anticipation of General Election Outcomes Affects Primary Election Divisiveness XXX,435

Lazarus, Jeffrey, and Amy Steigerwalt, Different Houses: The Distribution of Earmarks in the U.S. House and Senate XXXIV,347

Lazarus, Jeffrey, Gary C. Jacobson, and Samuel Kernell, Assessing the President’s Role as Party Agent in Congressional Elections: The Case of Bill Clinton in 2000, XXIX,159

Leaders and Rules in the New York State Senate, John J. Pitney, Jr. VII,491

Leadership Appeal in the U.S. House of Representatives: Comparing Officeholders and Aides, Christine DeGregorio and Kevin Snider XX,491

Leadership in Legislatures: Evolution, Selection, Functions, Robert L. Peabody IX,441

Leadership PAC Contribution Strategies and House Member Ambitions, Marian L. Currinder XXVIII,551

Leadership Patterns in the Continental Congress: 1774-1789, Rick K. Wilson and Calvin Jillson XIV,5

Leadership, Party Caucuses, and Committees in U.S. State Legislatures, Wayne L. Francis X,243

Lee, Frances E., Agreeing to Disagree: Agenda Content and Senate Partisanship, 1981-2004 XXXIII,199

Lee, Frances E., Bicameralism and Geographic Politics: Allocating Funds in the House and Senate XXIX,185

Lee, Frances E., and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, Senate Apportionment: Competitiveness and Partisan Advantage XXII,3

Lee, Jeong-Hwa, Jungho Rhee, and Barry Rundquist, The Distributive Politics of Cold War Defense Spending: Some State Level Evidence XXI,265

Lees, John D., Legislatures and Oversight: A Review Article on a Neglected Area of Research II,193

Legislative Autonomy in New Regimes: The Czech and Polish Cases, John M. Carey, Frantisek Formanek, and Ewa Karpowicz XXIV,569

Legislative Behavior and Legislative Oversight, Alan Rosenthal VI,115

Legislative Behavior in Romania: The Effect of the 2008 Romanian Electoral Reform, Emanuel Emil Coman XXXVII, 199

Legislative Careers in Six States: Are Some Legislatures More Likely to be Responsive? Norman R. Luttbeg XVII,49

Legislative Careers in the French Chamber and U.S. House, 1871-1940, James Q. Graham, Jr. VII,37

Legislative Careers: Why and How We Should Study Them, John R. Hibbing XXIV,149

Legislative Committee Assignments, Heinz Eulau IX,587

Legislative Decision Making and Substantive Policy Information: Models of Information Flow, Paul Sabatier and David Whiteman X,395

Legislative Demands for Bureaucratic Policymaking: The Case of State Medical Boards, Carol S. Weissert and Susan Silberman XXVII,123

Legislative Effectiveness and Legislative Careers, Gerard Padró i Miquel and James M. Snyder, Jr. XXXI,347

Legislative Elections and the Importance of Money, Anthony Gierzynski and David Breaux XXI,337

Legislative Influence: Toward Theory Development Through Causal Analysis, Katherine Meyer V,563

Legislative Issues in the 50 States: Managing Complexity Through Classification, Wayne L. Francis and Ronald E. Weber V,407

Legislative Leadership and Campaign Support in California, Richard A. Clucas. XVII,265

Legislative Life in the 1990s: A Comparison of Black and White State Legislators, James Button and David Hedge XXI,199

Legislative Norms in Eleven States, E. Lee Bernick and Charles W. Wiggins VIII,191

Legislative Oversight and the Substantive Representation of Black and Latino Interests in Congress, Michael D. Minta XXXIV,193

Legislative Party Voting for the Governor’s Program, Sarah McCally Morehouse XXI, 359

Legislative Politics in Authoritarian Brazil, Scott W. Desposato XXVI,287

Legislative Productivity in the 93d–105th Congresses, Gary W. Cox and William C. Terry XXXIII, 603

Legislative Professionalism and the Demand for Groups: The Institutional Context of Interest Population Density, Michael Berkman XXVI,661

Legislative Professionalism and Influence on State Agencies: The Effects of Resources and Careerism, Neil D. Woods and Michael Baranowski XXXI,585

Legislative Professionalization and Membership Diversity in State Legislatures, Peverill Squire XVII,69

Legislative Recruitment and Legislative Careers, Donald R. Matthews IX,547

Legislative Recruitment and Political Change in Yugoslavia, James H. Seroka IV,105

Legislative Resources and Electoral Margins: New York State Senate, 1950-1990, Chao-Chi Shan and Jeffrey M. Stonecash XIX,79

Legislative Role Orientations and Support for Party and Chief Executive in the Indiana House, David J. Hadley II,309

Legislative Roles and Clientele Orientations in the European Parliament, Mark Hagger and Martin Wing IV,165

Legislative Term Limits and Fiscal Policy Performance, Daniel C. Lewis XXXVII, 305

Legislative Self-Restraint under Divided Government in Germany , 1976-2002, Philip Manow and Simone Burkhart XXXII, 167

The Legislative Staff of the British House of Commons, Michael T. Ryle VI,497

Legislative Staffs, Susan Webb Hammond IX,271

Legislative Structure: Rules, Precedents, and Jurisdictions, C. Lawrence Evans XXIV,605

Legislative Studies in Western Democracies: A Comparative Perspective, Malcolm E. Jewell III,537

Legislative Voting Behavior, Seen and Unseen: A Theory of Roll-Call Vote Selection, Clifford Carrubba, Matthew Gabel, and Simon Hug XXXIII, 543

Legislative-Executive Relations and Legislative Oversight, Bert A. Rockman IX,387

Legislator-Constituency Relations and the Representative Process, Malcolm E. Jewell VIII,303

Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits, Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson, John Strate, Kelly LeRoux, Richard C. Elling, Lyke Thompson, and Charles D. Elder XXXV, 57

Legislators and Their Districts: A Review Article, Malcolm E. Jewell XIII,403

Legislators in an Indian State: A Study of Role Images and the Pattern of Constituency Linkages, Iqbal Narain and Shashi Lata Puri I,315

The Legislature and Distributive Policy Making in Formal Perspective, Melissa P. Collie XIII,427

Legislature vs. Legislator: A Note on the Paradox of Congressional Support, Timothy E. Cook IV,43

Legislatures and Divided Societies: The Malaysian Parliament and Multi-Ethnicity, Lloyd D. Musolf and Fred J. Springer II,113

Legislatures and Oversight: A Review Article on a Neglected Area of Research, John D. Lees II,193

Legislatures in Western Democracies: A Review Article, Michael L. Mezey III,335

LeLoup, Lance T., After the Blitz: Reagan and the U.S. Congressional Budget Process VII,321

LeLoup, Lance T., Policy, Party, and Voting in U.S. State Legislatures: A Test of the Content-Process Linkage I,213

LeLoup, Lance T., Process versus Policy: The U.S. House Budget Committee IV,227

Lenart, Silvo, and Stephen K. Medvic, The Influence of Political Consultants in the 1992 Congressional Elections XXII,61

Length of Incumbency and the Reelection Chances of U.S. Senators, Peter Tuckel VIII, 283

LeoGrande, William M., and Philip Brenner, The House Divided: Ideological Polarization Over Aid to the Nicaraguan "Contras" XVIII, 105

Leonardi, Robert, Raffaella Nanetti, and Gianfranco Pasquino, Institutionalization of Parliament and Parliamentarization of Parties in Italy III, 161

LeRoux, Kelly, Richard C. Elling, Lyke Thompson, Charles D. Elder, Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson, and John Strate, Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits XXXV, 57

Let the Chits Fall Where They May? Executive and Constituency Influences on Congressional Voting on NAFTA, Eric M. Uslaner XXIII, 347

Let's Go Fly a Kite: Correlates of Involvement in the House Bank Scandal, Charles Stewart III XIX, 521

Leveaux-Sharpe, Christine, Congressional Responsiveness to Redistricting Induces Constituency Change: An Extension to the 1990s XXVI, 275

Levendusky, Matthew S., and Jeremy C. Pope, Measuring Aggregate-Level Ideological Heterogeneity XXXV, 259

Levy, Dena, and Peverill Squire, Television Markets and the Competitiveness of U. S. House Elections XXV, 313

Levitt, Steven D., and Catherine D. Wolfram, Decomposing the Sources of Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House XXII, 45

Lewis, Daniel C., Legislative Term Limits and Fiscal Policy Performance XXXVII, 305

Lewis, Jeffrey B., James Lo, Keith T. Poole, Howard Rosenthal, and Royce Carroll, Comparing NOMINATE and Ideal: Points of Difference and Monte Carlo Tests XXXIV, 555

Lewis-Beck, Michael S., and Tom W. Rice, Forecasting U.S. House Elections IX, 475

Leyden, Kevin M., Interest Group Resources and Testimony at Congressional Hearings XX, 431

The Limits of Presidential Popularity as a Source of Influence in the U.S. House, Jon R. Bond and Richard Fleisher V, 69

The Limits of Senatorial Courtesy, Sarah A. Binder and Forrest Maltzman XXIX, 5

Liñán, Aníbal Pérez, and Scott Mainwaring, Party Discipline in the Brazilian Constitutional Congress XXII, 453

Lindsay, James M., and Randall B. Ripley, Foreign and Defense Policy in Congress: A Research Agenda for the 1990s XVII, 417

Lindstädt, René, Jonathan B. Slapin, and Ryan J. Vander Wielen, Balancing Competing Demands: Position Taking and Election Proximity in the European Parliament XXXVI, 37

Linking Constituency Opinion and Senate Voting Scores: A Hybrid Explanation, Catherine R. Shapiro, David W. Brady, Richard A. Brody, and John A. Ferejohn XV, 599

Lipinski, Daniel, The Effect of Messages Communicated by Members of Congress: The Impact of Publicizing Votes XXVI, 81

Lipinski, Daniel, William T. Bianco, and Ryan Work, What Happens When House Members 'Run with Congress'? Consequences of Institutional Loyalty XXVIII, 413

Little, D. Richard, Regional Legislatures in the Soviet Political System V, 233

Little, Thomas H., Understanding Legislative Leadership Beyond the Chamber: The Members' Perspective XX, 269

Livingston, Steven G., and Sally Friedman, Reexamining Theories of Congressional Retirement: Evidence from the 1980s XVIII, 231

Lo, James, Keith T. Poole, Howard Rosenthal, Royce Carroll, and Jeffrey B. Lewis, Comparing NOMINATE and Ideal: Points of Difference and Monte Carlo Tests XXXIV, 555

Local News Coverage and the Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House, Brian F. Schaffner XXXI, 491

Lockerbie, Brad, Prospective Economic Voting in U.S. House Elections, 1956-88 XVI,239

Loewenberg, Gerhard, The Contribution of Comparative Research to Measuring the Policy Preferences of Legislators XXXIII, 501

Loewenberg, Gerhard, Editor's Introduction: The Role of European Parliaments in Managing Social Conflict III, 1

Loewenberg, Gerhard, and Malcolm E. Jewell, Editors' Introduction: Toward a New Model of Legislative Representation IV, 485

Loewenberg, Gerhard, and Chong Lim Kim, Comparing the Representativeness of Parliaments III,27

Loewenberg, Gerhard, and Chong Lim Kim, The Cultural Roots of a New Legislature: Public Perceptions of the Korean National Assembly I,371

The Logic of Legislative Leadership: Preferences, Challenges, and the Speaker's Powers, Jesse Richman XXXV, 211

Londregan, John Benedict, and Juan Pablo Coujoumdjian, Cultivating Votes in Rural Chile XXXVII, 355

Londregan, John, and James M. Snyder, Jr., Comparing Committee and Floor Preferences XIX,233

Lonergan, Edward, John Sciortino, and Charles M. Tidmarch, Interparty Competition in the U.S. States: Legislative Elections, 1970-1978 XI,353

Long-Term Change and Stability in House Voting Decisions: The Case of the Minimum Wage, Scott R. Meinke XXX,103

Look for the Party Label: Party Influences on Voting in the U.S. House, Gregory L. Hager and Jeffery C. Talbert XXV,75

Lotwis, Mark A., and Laura I. Langbein, The Political Efficacy of Lobbying and Money: Gun Control in the U.S. House, 1986 XV,413

Louis XIV and the Dutch Assemblies: The Conflict about The Hague, John H. Grever VII,235

Lowe, Will, Kenneth Benoit, Slava Mikhaylov, and Michael Laver, Scaling Policy Preferences from Coded Political Texts XXXVI, 123

Lowery, David, and Virginia Gray, Interest Representation and Democratic Gridlock XX,531

Lowery, David, Virginia Gray, and Holly Brasher, State Lobby Registration Data: The Anomalous Case of Florida (and Minnesota too!) XXIV,303

Lowery, David, Jennifer Wolak, Adam J. Newmark, Todd McNoldy, and Virginia Gray, Much of Politics Is Still Local: Multi-State Lobbying in State Interest Communities XXVII,527

Lowry, William R., and Charles R. Shipan, Party Differentiation in Congress XXVII,33

Lublin, David, Thomas L. Brunell, Bernard Grofman, and Lisa Handley, Has the Voting Rights Act Outlived Its Usefulness? In a Word, “No”  XXXIV, 525

Luehrmann, Laura M., and Kevin J. O’Brien, Institutionalizing Chinese Legislatures: Trade-offs Between Autonomy and Capacity XXIII,91

Lupia, Arthur, and Mathew D. McCubbins, Who Controls? Information and the Structure of Legislative Decision Making XIX,361

Luttbeg, Norman R., Legislative Careers in Six States: Are Some Legislatures More Likely to be Responsive? XVII,49

Luttbeg, Norman R., The Validity and Electoral Impact of Media Estimations of "Best" or "Worst" State Legislators XVII,395

Lynch, G. Patrick, Midterm Elections and Economic Fluctuations: The Response of Voters Over Time XXVII,265

Lyons, W.E., Making Judges Out of Legislators: Rezoning on a Quasi-Judicial Model VIII,673

Lyons, William, and Patricia K. Freeman, Sunset Legislation and the Legislative Process in Tennessee IX,151

M
MacDonald, Jason A., The U.S. Congress and the Institutional Design of Agencies XXXII,395

MacGuigan, Mark, Parliamentary Reform: Impediments to an Enlarged Role for the Backbencher III,671

Mackie, Thomas T., and Mark N. Franklin, Representation in France: Electoral Behavior XII,227

Maddox, H.W. Jerome, Opportunity Costs and Outside Careers in U.S. State Legislatures XXIX,517

Maestas, Cherie, Professional Legislatures and Ambitious Politicians: Policy Responsiveness of State Institutions XXV,663

Maestas, Cherie D., L. Sandy Maisel, and Walter J. Stone, National Party Efforts to Recruit State Legislators to Run for the U.S. House XXX,277

Maheshwari, Shriram, Constituency Linkage of National Legislators in India I,331

Maintaining Congressional Committees: Sources of Member Support, Forrest Maltzman XXIII,197

Mainwaring, Scott, and Aníbal Pérez Liñán, Party Discipline in the Brazilian Constitutional Congress XXII,453

Maisel, L. Sandy, and Walter J. Stone, Determinants of Candidate Emergence in U.S. House Elections: An Exploratory Study XXII,79

Maisel, L. Sandy, Walter J. Stone, and Cherie D, Maestas, National Party Efforts to Recruit State Legislators to Run for the U.S. House XXX,277

Majority Party Leadership Strategies for Coping with the New U.S. House, Barbara Deckard Sinclair VI,391

Making a Good Impression: Resource Allocation, Home Styles, and Washington Work, David C.W. Parker and Craig Goodman XXXIV, 493

Making Judges Out of Legislators: Rezoning on a Quasi-Judicial Model, W.E. Lyons VIII,673

Making Quotas Work: The Effect of Gender Quota Laws on the Election of Women, Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer XXXIV,5

Makse, Todd, Strategic Constituency Manipulation in State Legislative Redistricting XXXVII, 225

Malesky, Edmund, and Paul Schuler, The Single-Party Dictator's Dlimenna: Information in Elections without Opposition XXXVI, 491

Malhotra, Neil, Disentangling the Relationship Between Legislative Professionalism and Government Spending  XXXIII,387

Malhotra, Neil, Government Growth and Professionalism in U.S. State Legislatures XXXI,563

Malhotra, Neil, and Stephen Jessee, Are Congressional Leaders Middlepersons or Extremists? Yes XXXV, 361

Maltzman, Forrest, Maintaining Congressional Committees: Sources of Member Support XXIII,197

Maltzman, Forrest, and Sarah A. Binder, The Limits of Senatorial Courtesy XXIX,5

Maltzman, Forrest, and Steven S. Smith, Principals, Goals, Dimensionality, and Congressional Committees XIX,457

Maltzman, Forrest, Sarah Binder, and Lee Sigelman, Senators' Home-State Reputations: Why Do Constituents Love a Bill Cohen So Much More Than a Al D'Amato? XXIII,545

Maltzman, Forrest, Steven S. Smith, and Eric D. Lawrence, Who Wins? Party Effects in Legislative Voting XXXI, 33

Managing the Senate Floor: Complex Unanimous Consent Agreements Since the 1950s, Steven S. Smith and Marcus Flathman XIV,349

Mancuso, Maureen, and Michael M. Atkinson, Conflict of Interest in Britain and the United States: An Institutional Argument XVI,471

Manow, Philip, and Simone Burkhart, Legislative Self-Restraint under Divided Government in Germany , 1976-2002 XXXII, 167

Mapping Dimensions of Conflict at the Federal Convention of 1787, Jeremy C. Pope and Shawn Treier XXXVII, 145

Mapping the Political World of 1861: A Multidimensional Analysis of House of Commons' Division Lists, Valerie Cromwell VII,281

Mariani, Mack D., Jeffrey M. Stonecash, and Mark D. Breweri, Northern Democrats and Party Polarization in the U.S. House XXVII,423

Marican, Y.M., and M.C. Kumbhat, Constituent Orientation Among Malaysian State Legislators I,389

Marsh, David, and John R. Hibbing, Accounting for the Voting Patterns of British MPs on Free Votes XII,275

Marshall, Bryan W., Explaining the Role of Restrictive Rules in the Postreform House XXVII,61

Marshall, Bryan W., and Brandon C. Prins, Strategic Position Taking and Presidential Influence in Congress XXXII, 257

Martin, Lanny W., Michael F. Thies, and James N. Druckman, Influence Without Confidence: Upper Chambers and Government Formation XXX,529  

Martin, Shane , Electoral Institutions, the Personal Vote, and Legislative Organizations XXXVI, 339

Martorano, Nancy, Balancing Power: Committee System Autonomy and Legislative Organization XXXI, 205

Martorano, Nancy, Keith E. Hamm, Ronald D. Hedlund, and Kevin Coombs, Partisan Stacking on Legislative Committees XXXIV,175

Mass Media and Legislative Campaigns in a Unitary Parliamentary Democracy: The Case of Britain, Jay G. Blumler and Holli A. Semetko XII,415

Mass Media and Legislative Contests: Opportunities for Comparative Study, Edie N. Goldenberg and Michael W. Traugott XII,445

Mass Media and Parliamentary Elections in Canada, Frederick J. Fletcher XII,341

Mass Media in U.S. Congressional Elections, Edie N. Goldenberg and Michael W. Traugott XII,317

Matland, Richard E., Women's Representation in National Legislatures: Developed and Developing Countries XXIII,109

Matland, Richard E., and Deborah Dwight Brown, District Magnitude's Effect on Female Representation in U.S. State Legislatures XVII,469

Mattei, Franco, Senate Apportionment and Partisan Advantage: A Second Look XXVI,391

Matthews, Donald R., Legislative Recruitment and Legislative Careers IX,547

Mayer, Kenneth R., Closing Military Bases (Finally): Solving Collective Dilemmas Through Delegation XX,393

Mayer, Kenneth R., and John M. Wood, The Impact of Public Financing on Electoral Competitiveness: Evidence from Wisconsin, 1964-1990 XX,69

McAllister, Ian, Ascui Alvaro, and Donley T. Studlar, Electing Women to the British Commons: Breakout from the Beleaguered Beachhead? XIII,515

McCarty, Nolan, Boris Shor, and Christopher Berry, A Bridge to Somewhere: Mapping State and Congressional Ideology on a Cross-institutional Common Space XXXV, 417

McCluggage, Vera, and Heinz Eulau, Standing Committees in Legislatures: Three Decades of Research IX,195

McCormick, James M, and Michael Black, Ideology and Senate Voting on the Panama Canal Treaties VIII,45

McCormick, James M., and Jorgen S. Rasmussen, The Influence of Ideology on British Labour MPs in Voting on EEC Issues X,203

McCrone, Donald J., Identifying Voting Strategies from Roll Call Votes: A Method and an Application II,177

McCubbins, Mathew D., and Gary W. Cox, Bonding, Structure, and the Stability of Political Parties: Party Government in the House XIX,215

McCubbins, Mathew D., and Gary W. Cox, On the Decline of Party Voting in Congress XVI,547

McCubbins, Mathew D., and D. Roderick Kiewiet, Appropriations Decisions as Bilateral Bargaining Game Between President and Congress X,181

McCubbins, Mathew D., and Arthur Lupia, Who Controls? Information and the Structure of Legislative Decision Making XIX,361

McCubbins, Mathew D., and Michael F. Thies, As a Matter of Factions: The Budgetary Implications of Shifting Factional Control in Japan’s LDP XXII,293

McCubbins, Mathew D., Gary W. Cox, and William B. Heller, Agenda Power in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, 1988-2000 XXXIII,171

McCurdy, Karen M., and James W. Endersby, Committee Assignments in the U.S. Senate XXI,219

McDermott, Monika L., and David R. Jones, Congressional Performance, Incumbent Behavior, and Voting in Senate Elections XXX,235

McDermott, Monika L., and David R. Jones, Ideological Distance from the Majority Party and Public Approval of Congress XXVII,245

McDonagh, Eileen Lorenzi, Constituency Influence on House Roll-Call Votes in the Progressive Era, 1913-1915 XVIII,185

McElroy, Gail, Shaun Bowler, and Antoine Yoshinaka, The Appointment of Rapporteurs in the European Parliament XXXV,457

McGann, Anthony J., Bernard Grofman, and William Koetzle, Congressional Leadership 1965-96: A New Look at the Extremism versus Centrality Debate XXVII,87

McGhee, Eric, Cohort Effects and the Incumbency Advantage XXXIII,113

McGhee, Eric, John Sides, and Eric Schickler, Remaking the House and Senate: Personal Power, Ideology, and the 1970s Reforms XXVIII,297

McGranahan, Leslie Moscow, and Alison B. Alter, Reexamining the Filibuster and Proposal Powers in the Senate XXV,259

McNitt, Andrew D., Congressional Campaign Style in Illinois and Michigan X,267

McNoldy, Todd, Jennifer Wolak, Adam J. Newmark, David Lowery, and Virginia Gray, Much of Politics Is Still Local: Multi-State Lobbying in State Interest Communities XXVII,527

McTague, John, Paul S. Herrnson, and Irwin L. Morris, The Impact of Presidential Campaigning for Congress on Presidential Support in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXVI, 99

The Measurement Characteristics of Congressional Roll-Call Indexes, Eric R.A.N. Smith, Richard Herrera, and Cheryl L. Herrera XV,283

Measuring Aggregate-Level Ideological Heterogeneity, Matthew S. Levendusky and Jeremy C. Pope XXXV, 259

Measuring Constituency Opinion in the U.S. House: Mail versus Random Surveys, John S. Stolarek, Robert M. Rood, and Marcia Whicker Taylor VI,589

Measuring Constituency Opinion: The 1978 U.S. Congressional Election Survey, Robert S. Erikson VI,235

Measuring Constituency-Representative Linkages: Problems and Prospects, Walter J. Stone IV,623

Measuring the Ideologies of U.S. Senators: The Song Remains the Same, Barry C. Burden, Gregory A. Caldeira, and Tim Groseclose XXV237

Measuring Legislative Influence, Richard L. Hall XVII,205

Measuring Legislative Potential for Policy Change, Patricia A. Hurley, David W. Brady, and Joseph Cooper II,385

Measuring the Compactness of Legislative Districts, H.P. Young XIII,105

Medvic, Stephen K, and Silvo Lenart, The Influence of Political Consultants in the 1992 Congressional Elections XXII,61

Meernik, James, Congress, the President, and the Commitment of the U.S. Military XX,377

Meinke, Scott R., Long-Term Change and Stability in House Voting Decisions: The Case of the Minimum Wage XXX,103

Meinke, Scott R., Party Size and Constituency Representation: Evidence from the 19th Century U.S. House of Representatives XXXVII, 175

Meinke, Scott R., Slavery, Partisanship, and Procedure in the U.S. House: The Gag Rule, 1836-1845 XXXII,33

Meinke, Scott R., and William D. Anderson, Influencing from Impaired Administrations: Presidents, White House Scandals, and Legislative Leadership XXVI,639

Meirowitz, Adam, and Keith Krehbiel, Minority Rights and Majority Power: Theoretical Consequences of the Motion to Recommit XXVII,191

Melo, Marcus André, Carlos Pereira, and Heitor Werneck, Delegation Dilemmas: Coalition Size, Electoral Risk, and Regulatory Governance in New Democracies XXXV, 31

Member-Constituency Linkages in the Hungarian Parliament, David Judge and Gabriella Ilonszki XX,161

The Member of Parliament and His Constituency: The Malaysian Case, Michael Ong I,405

Members of Parliament in Bangladesh, Rounaq Jahan I,355

Membership Turnover and the Efficient Processing of Legislation, Peverill Squire XXIII,23

Membership Turnover in U.S. State Legislatures: 1931-1976, Kwang S. Shin and John S. Jackson III IV,95

Membership Turnover in U.S. State Legislatures: Trends and Effects of Districting, Richard G. Niemi and Laura R. Winsky XII,115

Metcalf, Michael F., Challenges to Economic Orthodoxy and Parliamentary Sovereignty in 18th Century Sweden VII,251

Meyer, Katherine, Legislative Influence: Toward Theory Development Through Causal Analysis V,563

Mezey, Michael L., Constituency Demands and Legislative Support: An Experiment I,101

Mezey, Michael L., The Functions of Legislatures in the Third World VIII,511

Mezey, Michael L., Legislatures in Western Democracies: A Review Article III,335

Mezey, Michael L., New Perspectives on Parliamentary Systems: A Review Article XIX,429

Mezey, Michael L., President and Congress: A Review Article X,519

Midterm Elections and Economic Fluctuations: The Response of Voters Over Time, G. Patrick Lynch XXVII,265

Midterm Popularity and Governing Party Dissension in the House of Commons, 1959-79, Anthony Mughan XV,341

Mikhaylov, Slava, Michael Laver, Will Lowe, and Kenneth Benoit, Scaling Policy Preferences from Coded Political Texts XXXVI, 123

Miler, Kristina C., The View from the Hill: Legislative Perceptions of the District XXXII, 597

Military Base Closures and the 1996 Congressional Elections, Michael S. Rocca XXVIII,529

Military Construction Policy: A Test of Competing Explanations of Universalism in Congress, David Soherr-Hadwiger XXIII,57

Miller, Arthur H., Public Judgments of Senate and House Candidates XV,525

Miller, Gary J., Thomas H. Hammond, and Charles Kile, Bicameralism and the Core: An Experimental Test XXI,83

Miller, Harris N., The Influence of British Parliamentary Committees on European Communities Legislation II,45

Miller, Susan M., and L. Marvin Overby, Parties, Preferences, and Petitions: Discharge Behavior in the Modern House XXXV, 187

Miller, Susan M., Jill Nicholson-Crotty, and Sean Nicholson-Crotty, Reexamining the Institutional Effects of Term Limits in U.S. State Legislatures XXXVI, 71

Milne, William J., and Michael Krashinsky, The Effects of Incumbency in U.S. Congressional Elections, 1950-1988 XVIII,321

Milyo, Jeffrey, Lilliard E. Richardson, Jr., and David M. Konisky, Public Approval of U.S. State Legislatures XXXVII, 99

Mishler, William, and Anthony Mughan, Representing the Celtic Fringe: Devolution and Legislative Behavior in Scotland and Wales III,377

Minority Rights and Majority Power: Conditional Party Government and the Motion to Recommit in the House, Jason M. Roberts XXX,219

Minority Rights and Majority Power: Theoretical Consequences of the Motion to Recommit, Keith Krehbiel and Adam Meirowitz XXVII,191

Minority Status, Ideology, or Opportunity: Explaining the Greater Retirement of House Republicans, Michael H. Murakami XXXIV,219

Minozzi, William, Jessica Bonney Reveley, and Brandice Canes-Wrone, Issue Accountability and the Mass Public XXXVI, 5

Minta, Michael D., Legislative Oversight and the Substantive Representation of Black and Latino Interests in Congress XXXIV,193

Mishler, William, and Richard Rose, Support for Parliaments and Regimes in the Transition Toward Democracy in Eastern Europe XIX,5

Mishler, William, Nominating Attractive Candidates for Parliament: Recruitment to the Canadian House of Commons III,581

Mishler, William, Scotching Nationalism in the British Parliament: Crosscutting Cleavages Among MPs VIII,5

Misreports of Vote Choice in the 1988 NES Senate Election Study, Gerald C. Wright XV,543

The Mobilization of Congressional Elections, Robert A. Jackson XXI,425

Mobilizing Congressional Support for the President: Insights from the 1960s, Cary R. Covington XII,77

A Model of a Legislature with Two Parties and a Committee System, John H. Aldrich XIX,313

Models of Nonresponse in Legislative Politics, Guillermo Rosas and Yael Shomer XXXIII, 573

Modeling Supreme Court Strategic Decision Making: The Congressional Constraint, Mario Bergara, Barak Richman, and Pablo T. Spiller XXVIII,247

Modes of Executive-Legislative Relations: Great Britain, France, and West Germany, Anthony King I,11

Modes of Political Representation: Toward a New Typology, Rudy B. Andeweg and Jacques J.A. Thomassen XXX,507

Moe, Terry, An Assessment of the Positive Theory of 'Congressional Dominance' of Bureaucracy XII,475

Moffett, Kenneth W., and Brian M. Harward, The Calculus of Cosponsorship in the U.S. Senate XXXV, 117

Moffett, Randolph R., Robert Jay Dilger, and George A. Krause, State Legislative Professionalism and Gubernatorial Effectiveness: 1978-1991 XX,553

Mohapatra, Manindra Kumar, The Ombudsmanic Role of Legislators in an Indian State I,295

Monarchies, Wars, and Estates in England, France, and Spain, c. 1580 - c. 1640, Conrad S.R. Russell VII,205

Moncrief, Gary F., Floterial Districts, Reapportionment, and the Puzzle of Representation XIV,251

Moncrief, Gary F., Professionalization and Careerism in Canadian Provincial Assemblies: Comparison to U.S. State Legislatures XIX,33

Moncrief, Gary F., Recruitment and Retention in U.S. Legislatures, XXIV,173

Moncrief, Gary F., and Keith E. Hamm, Effects of Structural Change in Legislative Committee Systems on Their Performance in U.S. States VII,383

Moncrief, Gary F., and Joel A. Thompson, Pursuing the Pork in a State Legislature: A Research Note XIII,393

Moncrief, Gary F., Richard G. Niemi, and Lynda W. Powell, Time, Term Limits, and Turnover: Trends in Membership Stability in U.S. State Legislatures XXIX,357

Moncrief, Gary, Joel A. Thompson, and William Cassie, Revisiting the State of U.S. State Legislative Research XXI,301

Moncrief, Gary F., Joel A. Thompson, Michael Haddon, and Robert Hoyer, For Whom the Bell Tolls: Term Limits and State Legislatures XVII,37

Moncrief, Gary F., Joel A. Thompson, and Karl T. Kurtz, The Old Statehouse, It Ain’t What It Used to Be XXI,57

Moncrief Gary F., Richard Niemi, Lynda W. Powell, and John M. Carey, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures: A New Survey of the 50 States XXXI, 105

Money and the Party Vote in State House Elections, Anthony Gierzynski and David A. Breaux XVIII,515

Money and Votes in State Legislative Elections, Anthony Gierzynski and David A. Breaux XVI,203

Monroe, Nathan W., and Chris Den Hartog, The Value of Majority Status: The Effect of Jeffords's Switch on Asset Prices of Republican and Democratic Firms XXXIII,63

Mooney, Christopher Z., Citizens, Structures, and Sister States: Influences on State Legislative Professionalism XX,47

Mooney, Christopher Z., Information Sources in State Legislative Decision Making XVI,445

Morehouse, Sarah McCally, Legislative Party Voting for the Governor’s Program XXI, 359

Moreno, Erika, Subnational Determinants of National Multipartism in Latin America XXVIII,179

Morgenstern, Scott, and Gary W. Cox, The Increasing Advantage of Incumbency in the U.S. States XVIII,495

Morgenstern, Scott, and Gary W. Cox, The Incumbency Advantage in Multimember Districts: Evidence from the U.S. States XX,329

Morris, Irwin L., and Paul S. Herrnson, Presidential Campaigning in the 2002 Congressional Elections XXXII, 629

Morris, Irwin L., and M.V. Hood, Boll Weevils and Roll-Call Voting: A Study in Time and Space XXIII,245

Morris, Irwin L., M.V. Hood III, and Quentin Kidd, The Key Issue: Constituency Effects and Southern Senators’ Roll-Call Voting on Civil Rights XXVI,599

Morris, Irwin L., John McTague, and Paul S. Herrnson, The Impact of Presidential Campaigning for Congress on Presidential Support in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXVI, 99

Morris, Jonathan S., Reexamining the Politics of Talk:  Partisan Rhetoric in the 104th House XXVI,101

Morris-Jones, W.H., Editor's Introduction: The Parliamentary Politician in Asia I,283

Moser, Robert G., and Ethan Scheiner, Strategic Ticket Splitting and the Personal Vote in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems XXX,259

Motivations for U.S. Congressional Committee Preferences: Freshmen of the 92d Congress, Charles S. Bullock III I,201

Motivations in Legislative Information Use, Robert B. Bradley V,393

Moving Up or Moving Out: Career Ceilings and Congressional Retirement, Sean M. Theriault XXIII,419

Much of Politics Is Still Local: Multi-State Lobbying in State Interest Communities, Jennifer Wolak, Adam J. Newmark, Todd McNoldy, and David Lowery, and Virginia Gray XXVII,527

Mughan, Anthony, Midterm Popularity and Governing Party Dissension in the House of Commons, 1959-79 XV,341

Mughan, Anthony, On the By-Election Vote of Governments in Britain XIII,29

Mughan, Anthony, and William Mishler, Representing the Celtic Fringe: Devolution and Legislative Behavior in Scotland and Wales III,377

Mulhollan, Daniel P., Paul S. Rundquist, and Arthur G. Stevens, Jr., U.S. Congressional Structure and Representation: The Role of Informal Groups VI,415

Müller, Wolfgang C., Executive-Legislative Relations in Austria: 1945-1992 XVIII,467

Multicountry Studies of Latin American Legislatures: A Review Article, Brian F. Crisp and Felipe Botero XXIX,329

Multimember District Congressional Elections, Stephen Calabrese XXV,611

Multimember Districts' Effect on Collaboration between U.S. State Legislators, Justin H. Kirkland XXXVII, 329

Multiple-Method Measurement of Legislators' Ideologies, Kim Quaile Hill XXVI,263

Multiple Referral of Legislation in the U.S. Senate, Roger H. Davidson XIV,375

Multiple Sponsorship and Bill Success in U.S. State Legislatures, William P. Browne X,483

Murakami, Michael H., Minority Status, Ideology, or Opportunity: Explaining the Greater Retirement of House Republicans XXXIV,219

Musolf, Lloyd D., and Fred J. Springer, Legislatures and Divided Societies: The Malaysian Parliament and Multi-Ethnicity II,113

Mutalib, Hussin, Constitutional-Electoral Reforms and Politics in Singapore XXVII,659

Myagkov, Mikhail G., and D. Roderick Kiewiet, Czar Rule in the Russian Congress of People’s Deputies? XXI,5

N
Nakamura, Robert T., and Sally Friedman, The Representation of Women on U.S. Senate Committee Staffs XVI,407

Nanetti, Raffaella, Gianfranco Pasquino, and Robert Leonardi, Institutionalization of Parliament and Parliamentarization of Parties in Italy III,161

Narain, Iqbal, and Shashi Lata Puri, Legislators in an Indian State: A Study of Role Images and the Pattern of Constituency Linkages I,315

National Forces in the 1986 U.S. House Elections, Gary C. Jacobson and Samuel Kernell XV,65

National Party Efforts to Recruit State Legislators to Run for the U.S. House, Cherie D. Maestas, L. Sandy Maisel, and Walter J. Stone XXX,277

Nechemias, Carol, Changes in the Election of Women to U.S. State Legislative Seats XII,125

Nelson, Daniel N., Editor's Introduction: Communist Legislatures and Communist Politics V,161

The Net Impact of Media Exposure on Individual Voting Decisions in U.S. Senate and House Elections, Todd G. Shields, Robert K. Goidel, and Barry Tadlock XX,415

Networks in the Legislative Arena: How Group Dynamics Affect Cosponsorship, Kathleen A. Bratton and Stella M. Rouse XXXVI, 423

New Directions in U.S. Congressional Research: A Review Article, Charles O. Jones VI,455

Newkirk, M. Glenn, William T. Pound, Carl D. Tubbesing, and Karl T. Kurtz, The State of U.S. State Legislative Research: A Comment VI,27

Newman, Brian, and Charles Ostrom, Jr., Explaining Seat Changes in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1950-98 XXVII,383

Newman, Brian, Christina Wolbrecht, and John D. Griffin, A Gender Gap in Policy Representation in the U.S. Congress XXXVII, 35

Newmark, Adam J., Jennifer Wolak, Todd McNoldy, David Lowery, and Virginia Gray, Much of Politics Is Still Local: Multi-State Lobbying in State Interest Communities XXVII,527

The New Parliament in Portugal, Walter C. Opello, Jr. III,309

New Party or Campaign Bank Account? Explaining the Rise of State Legislative Campaign Committees, Cindy Simon Rosenthal XX,249

New Perspectives on Parliamentary Systems: A Review Article, Michael L. Mezey XIX,429

New Perspectives on the U.S. Congress: A Review Article, Malcolm E. Jewell II,77

Nicholson-Crotty, Jill, Sean Nicholson-Crotty, and Susan M. Miller, Reexamining the Institutional Effects of Term Limits in U.S. State Legislatures XXXVI, 71

Nicholson-Crotty, Sean, Susan M. Miller, and Jill Nicholson-Crotty, Reexamining the Institutional Effects of Term Limits in U.S. State Legislatures XXXVI, 71

Niemi, Richard G., and Patrick Fett, The Swing Ratio: An Explanation and an Assessment XI,75

Niemi, Richard G., and Simon Jackman, Bias and Responsiveness in State Legislative Districting XVI,183

Niemi, Richard G., and Laura R. Winsky, Membership Turnover in U.S. State Legislatures: Trends and Effects of Districting XII,115

Niemi, Richard, Jeffrey S. Hill, and Bernard Grofman, The Impact of Multimember Districts on Party Representation in U.S. State Legislatures X,441

Niemi, Richard G., Simon Jackman, and Laura R. Winsky, Candidacies and Competitiveness in Multimember Districts XVI,91

Niemi, Richard G., Lynda W. Powell, and Patricia L. Bicknell, The Effects of Congruity Between Community and District on Salience of U.S. House Candidates XI,187

Niemi, Richard G., Lynda W. Powell, and John M. Carey, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures XXIII,271

Niemi, Richard G., Lynda W. Powell, and Gary F. Moncrief, Time, Term Limits, and Turnover: Trends in Membership Stability in U.S. State Legislatures XXIX,357

Niemi, Richard, Lynda W. Powell, Gary F. Moncrief, and John M. Carey, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures: A New Survey of the 50 States XXXI, 105

Nixon, David L., and Rebekah Herrick, Is There Life After Congress? Patterns and Determinants of Post-Congressional Careers XXI,489

Nokken, Timothy P., Dynamics of Congressional Loyalty: Party Defection and Roll-Call Behavior, 1947-97 XXV,.417

Nokken, Timothy P., and Jeffery A. Jenkins, The Institutional Origins of the Republican Party: Spatial Voting and the House Speakership Election of 1855-56 XXV,101

Nokken, Timothy P., and Keith T. Poole, Congressional Party Defection in American History XXIX,545

The Nominated Members of India's Council of States: A Study of Role-Definition, J.H. Proctor X,53

Nominating Attractive Candidates for Parliament: Recruitment to the Canadian House of Commons, William Mishler III,581

Normal Vote Analysis of U.S. Congressional Elections, Edie N. Goldenberg and Michael W. Traugott VI,247

Norris, Pippa, and Frank B. Feigert, Do By-Elections Constitute Referenda? A Four-Country Comparison XV,183

Northern Democrats and Party Polarization in the U.S. House, Mark D. Brewer, Mack D. Mariani, and Jeffrey M. Stonecash XXVII,423

Norton, Noelle H., Uncovering the Dimensionality of Gender Voting in Congress XXIV,65

Norton, Philip, The Changing Face of the British House of Commons in the 1970s V,333

Norton, Philip, Dissent in the British House of Commons: Rejoinder to Franklin, Baxter, Jordan XII,143

'No Taxation Without Representation': The Assembly of Notables of 1787 and Political Ideology in France, Vivian R. Gruder VII,263

A Note on the Cost of Standing for the British Parliament: 1852-1880, R. Morris Coats and Thomas R. Dalton XVII,585

Noury, Abdul, and Simon Hix, After Enlargement: Voting Patterns in the Sixth European Parliament XXXIV,159

Nownes, Anthony J. Solicited Advice and Lobbyist Power: Evidence from Three American States XXIV,113

Nye, Mary Alice, Conservative Coalition Support in the House of Representatives: 1963-1988 XVIII,255

Nye, Mary Alice, and Charles S. Bullock III, Civil Rights Support: A Comparison of Southern and Border State Representatives XVII,81

O
O'Brien, Kevin J., China's National People's Congress: Reform and Its Limits XIII,343

O’Brien, Kevin J., and Laura M. Luehrmann, Institutionalizing Chinese Legislatures: Trade-offs Between Autonomy and Capacity XXIII,91

O'Connor, Robert, Michael King, and Peter Wissel, The Hunting of the Legislative Snark: Information Searches and Reforms in U.S. State Legislatures I,251

Office-Seeking and Policy Pursuit in Coalition Theory, Ian Budge and Michael Laver XI,485

Ogul, Morris S., and Bert A. Rockman, Overseeing Oversight: New Departures and Old Problems XV,5

Old Approaches and New Challenges in Legislative Election Research, Lyn Ragsdale XIX,537

Oldmixon, Elizabeth A., and David Yamane, Religion in the Legislative Arena: Affiliation, Salience, Advocacy, and Public Policymaking XXXI,433

The Old Statehouse, It Ain’t What It Used to Be, Gary F. Moncrief, Joel A. Thompson, and Karl T. Kurtz XXI,57

Oleszek, Walter J., and Roger H. Davidson, Adaptation and Consolidation: Structural Innovation in the U.S. House of Representatives I,37

Oleszek, Walter J., and Roger H. Davidson, Changing the Guard in the U.S. Senate IX,635

Oleszek, Walter J., Thomas Kephart, and Roger H. Davidson, One Bill, Many Committees: Multiple Referrals in the U.S. House of Representatives XIII,3

Olson, David M., U.S. Congressmen and Their Diverse Congressional District Parties III,239

Olson, David M., and Maurice D. Simon, Evolution of a Minimal Parliament: Membership and Committee Changes in the Polish Sejm V,211

The Ombudsmanic Role of Legislators in an Indian State, Manindra Kumar Mohapatra I,295

On the By-Election Vote of Governments in Britain, Anthony Mughan XIII,29

On the Decline of Party Voting in Congress, Gary W. Cox and Mathew D. McCubbins XVI,547

On the Effects of Legislative Rules, Gary W. Cox XXV,169

One Bill, Many Committees: Multiple Referrals in the U.S. House of Representatives, Roger H. Davidson, Walter J. Oleszek, and Thomas Kephart XIII,3

One-Party Dominance in Legislatures, John Sprague VI,259

Ong, Michael, The Member of Parliament and His Constituency: The Malaysian Case I,405

Opello, Walter C., Jr., The New Parliament in Portugal III,309

Opello, Walter C., Jr., Portugal's Parliament: An Organizational Analysis of Legislative Performance XI,291

Opheim, Cynthia, The Effect of U.S. State Legislative Term Limits Revisited XIX,49

Oppenheimer, Bruce I., How Legislatures Shape Policy and Budgets VIII,551

Oppenheimer, Bruce I., Policy Effects of U.S. House Reform: Decentralization and the Capacity to Resolve Energy Issues V,5

Oppenheimer, Bruce I., and John R. Alford, Editors' Introduction: Electing the U.S. Senate XV,469

Oppenheimer, Bruce I., and Christian R. Grose, The Iraq War, Partisanship, and Candidate Attributes: Variation in Partisan Swing in the 2006 U.S. House Elections XXXII,531

Oppenheimer, Bruce I., and Frances E. Lee, Senate Apportionment: Competitiveness and Partisan Advantage XXII,3

Oppenheimer, Bruce I., James A. Stimson, and Richard W. Waterman, Interpreting U.S. Congressional Elections: The Exposure Thesis XI,227

Opportunity Costs and Outside Careers in U.S. State Legislatures, H.W. Jerome Maddox XXIX,517  

Orchestrating Party Talk: A Party-Based View of One-Minute Speeches in the House of Representatives, Douglas B. Harris XXX,127

Organizational Attributes of Legislatures: Structure, Rules, Norms, Resources, Ronald D. Hedlund IX,51

The Origins of the Legislative References Services in the United States, Samuel Rothstein XV,401

Ostrom, Charles Jr., and Brian Newman, Explaining Seat Changes in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1950-98, XXVII,383

Out in the Open: The Emergence of Viva Voce Voting in House Speakership Elections, Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart III, XXVIII,481

Overby, L. Marvin, Assessing Constituency Influence: Congressional Voting on the Nuclear Freeze, 1982-83 XVI,297

Overby, L. Marvin, and Susan M. Miller, Parties, Preferences, and Petitions: Discharge Behavior in the Modern House XXXV, 187

Overby, L. Marvin, Thomas A. Kazee, and David W. Prince, Committee Outliers in State Legislatures XXIX,81

Overmeyer, Cary B., E. Scott Adler, and Chariti E. Gent, The Home Style Homepage: Legislator Use of the World Wide Web for Constituency Contact XXIII,585

Overreporting the Vote in the 1988 Senate Election Study: A Response to Wright, Paul Gronke XVII,113

Overseeing Oversight: New Departures and Old Problems, Morris S. Ogul and Bert A. Rockman XV,5

Oversight of Foreign Policy: The U.S. House Committee on International Relations, Fred Kaiser II,255

Owens, John R., Economic Influences on Elections to the U.S. Congress IX,123

P
PAC Contributions and Congressional Voting on National Defense,
Richard Fleisher XVIII,391

Pachón, Mónica, Royce Carroll, and Gary W. Cox, How Parties Create Electoral Democracy, Chapter 2 XXXI, 153  

Padró i Miquel, Gerard, and James M. Snyder, Jr. Legislative Effectiveness and Legislative Careers XXXI,347

Panning, William H., Formal Models of Legislative Processes VIII,427

Paradoxes of Parties in Congress, Keith Krehbiel XXIV,31

Park, Chan Wook, Constituency Representation in Korea: Sources and Consequences XIII,225

Parker, David C.W., and Craig Goodman, Making a Good Impression: Resource Allocation, Home Styles, and Washington Work XXXIV, 493

Parker, David C.W., and Matthew Dull, Divided We Quarrel: The Politics of Congressional Investigations, 1947-2004 XXXIV,319

Parker, Glenn R., Interpreting Candidate Awareness in U.S. Congressional Elections VI,219

Parker, Glenn R., Is There a Political Life Cycle in the House of Representatives? XI,375

Parker, Glenn R., and Roger H. Davidson, Why Do Americans Love Their Congressmen So Much More Than Their Congress? IV,53

Parker, Glenn R., and Suzanne L. Parker, Correlates and Effects of Attention to District by U.S. House Members X,223

Parker, Suzanne L., and Glenn R. Parker, Correlates and Effects of Attention to District by U.S. House Members X,223

Parliament in Canada: A Decade of Published Research, Allan Kornberg and Colin Campbell III,555

Parliamentary Agenda Control and Legislative Outcomes in Western Europe, Herbert Döring XXVI,145

Parliamentary Behaviour as a Test of Scottish Integration into the United Kingdom, Michael J. Keating III,409

Parliamentary Career Achievement in Britain and West Germany: A Comparative Analysis, E. Gene Frankland II,137

Parliamentary Experience and Representational Role Orientations in Canada, Harold D. Clarke and Richard G. Price VI,373

Parliamentary Floor Voting Procedures and Agenda Setting in Europe, Bjørn Erik Rasch XXV,3

Parliamentary Participation in the Indian Lok Sabha, 1957-1974, Willard M. Berry IV,7

The Parliamentary Parties and the Electoral Reforms of 1884-85 in Britain, Hugh W. Stephens and David W. Brady I,491

Parliamentary Reform: Impediments to an Enlarged Role for the Backbencher, Mark MacGuigan III,671

Parliamentary Staffs in the German Bundestag, Werner Blischke VI,533

Parliament's Capacity to Expand Political Controversy in France, Frank R. Baumgartner XII,33

Parodi, Jean-Luc, Colette Ysmal, and Roland Cayrol, French Deputies and the Political System I,67

Parties and Cleavages in the Belgian Parliament, André-Paul Frognier III,109

Parties and Committees in the House: Member Motivations, Issues, and Institutional Arrangements, David W. Rohde XIX,341

Parties and Institutional Choice Revisited, Sarah Binder XXXI,513

Parties as Procedural Coalitions in Congress: An Examination of Differing Career Tracks, Jeffery A. Jenkins, Michael H. Crespin, and Jamie L. Carson XXX,365

Parties, Coalitions, and Cleavages: A Comparison of Two Legislatures in Two French Republics, David M. Wood and Jack T. Pitzer IV,197

Parties, Preferences, and Petitions: Discharge Behavior in the Modern House, Susan M. Miller and L. Marvin Overby XXXV, 187

Partisan and Incumbent Effects in State Legislative Redistricting, Harry Basehart and John Comer XVI,65

Partisan Change in Southern Legislatures, 1946-95, Aubrey W. Jewett XXVI,457

Partisan Cues and Decision Loci in U.S. State Legislatures, Eric M. Uslaner and Ronald E. Weber II,423

Partisan Stacking on Legislative Committees, Ronald D. Hedlund, Kevin Coombs, Nancy Martorano, and Keith E. Hamm XXXIV,175

Partisan Turnout Bias in Midterm Legislative Elections, Martin P. Wattenberg and Craig Leonard Brians XXVII,407

Partisan Voting Patterns in the U.S. Senate, 1877-1986, Patricia A. Hurley and Rick K. Wilson XIV,225

Partisanship and Oversight of Agency Rules in Idaho, Richard B. Doyle XI,109

Party and Factional Organization in Legislatures, David W. Brady and Charles S. Bullock III  VIII,599

Party and Institutional Sanctions in the U.S. House: The Case of Congressman Gramm, Ross K. Baker X,315

Party and PAC Contributions to North Carolina Legislative Candidates, Joel A. Thompson and William Cassie XVII,409

Party Campaign Activity and Party Unity in the U.S. House of Representatives, David M. Cantor and Paul S. Herrnson XXII,393

Party Campaign Committees and the Distribution of Tally Program Funds, William T. Bianco XXIV,451

Party Caucuses and Coordination: Assessing Caucus Activity and Party Effects, Richard Forgette XXIX,407

Party Cohesion in the French National Assembly: 1958-1973, Frank L. Wilson and Richard Wiste I,467

Party Cohesion in the Swiss Parliament, Hans-Peter Hertig III,63

Party, Constituency, and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate, Charles S. Bullock III and David W. Brady VIII,29

Party Contributions and the Influence of Campaign Committee Chairs on Roll-Call Voting, Richard A. Clucas XXII,179

Party Differentiation in Congress, William R. Lowry and Charles R. Shipan XXVII,33

Party Discipline in the Brazilian Constitutional Congress, Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez Liñán XXII,453

Party Elites, Ideological Voters, and Divided Party Government, Paul Frymer, Thomas P. Kim, and Terri L. Bimes XXII,195

Party Endorsement and Incumbency in Minnesota Legislative Nominations, Joseph A. Kunkel III  XIII,211

Party Leadership in the U.S. Senate, Samuel C. Patterson XIV,393

Party Pressure in the U.S. State Legislatures, James Coleman Battista and Jesse T. Richman. XXXVI, 397

Party Registration and Party Vote: Democratic Fall-Off in Legislative Elections, Edmond Costantini and Charles Dannehl XVIII,29

Party Size and Constituency Representation: Evidence from the 19th Century U.S. House of Representatives, Scott R. Meinke XXXVII, 175

Party System Change and Political Career Structures in the U.S. Congress, David T. Canon and David J. Sousa XVII,347

Party Targeting and Electoral Success, Charles S. Bullock III and David J. Shafer XXII,573

Pasis, Harvey, Achieving Population Equality Among the Constituencies of the Canadian House, 1903-1976 VIII,111

Pasquino, Gianfranco, Robert Leonardi, and Raffaella Nanetti, Institutionalization of Parliament and Parliamentarization of Parties in Italy III,161

Pathways to Legislative Success: A Path Analytic Study of the Missouri House of Representatives, Mark C. Ellickson XVII,285

Patterns of Influence Among Committees, Agencies, and Interest Groups, Keith E. Hamm VIII,379

Patterns of Influence and Choice in the Wisconsin Budgetary Process, James J. Gosling X,457

Patterson, Dennis, Candidates, Votes, Outcomes: A Method for Evaluating Nomination Strategies in MMD/SNTV Electoral Systems XXXIV,273

Patterson, Samuel C., Party Leadership in the U.S. Senate XIV,393

Patterson, Samuel C., and Gregory A. Caldeira, Contextual Influences on Participation in U.S. State Legislative Elections VII,359

Patterson, Samuel C., and Gregory A. Caldeira, Standing Up for Congress: Variations in Public Esteem Since the 1960s XV,25

Patterson, Samuel C., Gregory A. Caldeira, and John A. Clark, Political Respect in the Legislature XVIII,3

Patterson, Samuel C., and Ronald D. Hedlund, The Electoral Antecedents of State Legislative Committee Assignments XVII,539

Patzelt, Werner J., Recruitment and Retention in Western European Parliaments XXIV,239

Payne, James L., Career Intentions and Electoral Performance of Members of the U.S. House VII,93

Peabody, Robert L., Leadership in Legislatures: Evolution, Selection, Functions IX,441

Pearson, Kathryn, and Eric Schickler, Agenda Control, Majority Party Power, and the House Committee on Rules, 1937–52 XXXIV, 455

Peculiar Institutions: Slavery, Sectionalism, and Minority Obstruction in the Antebellum Senate, Gregory J. Wawro XXX,163

Pedersen, Mogens N., Research on European Parliaments: A Review Article on Scholarly and Institutional Variety IX,505

Pelizzo, Riccardo, and Joseph Cooper, Stability in Parliamentary Regimes: The Italian Case XXVII,163

Penning, James M., and Corwin E. Smidt, Views of American State Legislators on Public Funding of Legislative Elections VIII,97

Perceptions of Electoral Insecurity Among Members Holding Safe Seats in a U.S. State Legislature, Jeffrey E. Cohen IX,365

Pereira, Carlos, Timothy J. Power, and Lucio R. Rennó, Agenda Power, Executive Decree Authority, and the Mixed Results of Reform in the Brazilian Congress XXXIII,5

Pereira, Carlos, Heitor Werneck, and Marcus André Melo, Delegation Dilemmas: Coalition Size, Electoral Risk, and Regulatory Governance in New Democracies XXXV, 31

Peress, Michael, Strategic Voting in Multi-Office Elections XXXIII, 619

Perkins, Lynette P., Influences of Members' Goals on Their Committee Behavior: The U.S. House Judiciary Committee V,373

The Permanent Committees of the Italian Chamber of Deputies: Parliament at Work? Vincent Della Sala XVIII,157

Persson, Mikael, David Karlsson, and Mikael Gilljam, Representatives' Attitudes Toward Citizen Protests in Sweden: The Impact of Ideology, Parliamentary Position, and Experiences XXXVII, 251

Personal Relationships and Legislative Power: Male and Female Perceptions, Diane D. Blair and Jeanie R. Stanley XVI,495

Peters, John G., and John R. Hibbing, Editors' Introduction: Hendricks Symposium Papers on Internal Operations of the U.S. Senate XIV,309

Peters, John G., and John R. Hibbing, Editors' Introduction: Hendricks Symposium Papers on Senate Elections and Representation XIV,461

Peters, John G., and John R. Hibbing, Studying the U.S. Senate: An Introduction to the Hendricks Symposium Papers XIV,163

Peters, John G., and Susan Welch, Attitudes of U.S. State Legislators Toward Political Corruption: Some Preliminary Findings II,445

Peters, John G., and Susan Welch, Private Interests in the U.S. Congress: A Research Note VII,547

Peterson, Robert L., and Martine M. DeRidder, Government Formation as a Policy-Making Arena XI,565

Peterson, Robert L., Rex Wirth, and Martine M. DeRidder, Images of Belgian Politics: The Effects of Cleavages on the Political System III,83

Phillips, Justin H., and Thad Kousser, Who Blinks First? Legislative Patience and Bargaining with Governors XXXIV,55

Pierce, Roy, and Philip E. Converse, Candidate Visibility in France and the United States VI,339

Pierce, Roy, and Philip E. Converse, Representative Roles and Legislative Behavior in France IV,525

Piper, J. Richard, British Backbench Rebellion and Government Appointments, 1945-87 XVI,219

Pitney, John J., Jr., Leaders and Rules in the New York State Senate VII,491

Pitzer, Jack T., and David M. Wood, Parties, Coalitions, and Cleavages: A Comparison of Two Legislatures in Two French Republics IV,197

Platt, Glenn, Keith T. Poole, and Howard Rosenthal, Directional and Euclidean Theories of Voting Behavior: A Legislative Comparison XVII,561

Poggione, Sarah, and Christopher Reenock, Agency Design as an Ongoing Tool of Bureaucratic Influence XXIX,383

Policy Distance and Parliamentary Government, Paul V. Warwick XXIII,319

Policy Effects of U.S. House Reform: Decentralization and the Capacity to Resolve Energy Issues, Bruce I. Oppenheimer V,5

Policy, Ideology, and Party Distance: Analysis of Election Programmes in 19 Democracies, Ian Budge and Michael Laver XI,607

Policy Influence and Participation in the European Parliament, Roger M. Scully XXII,233

Policy Interests of Provincial Backbenchers and the Effects of Political Ambition, Michael Atkinson III,629

Policy Partisanship in Legislative Leadership Recruitment and Behavior, Aage R. Clausen and Clyde Wilcox XII,243

Policy, Party, and Voting in U.S. State Legislatures: A Test of the Content-Process Linkage, Lance T. LeLoup I,213

The Policy Priorities of African American Women in State Legislatures, Edith J. Barrett XX,223

Policy Voting in the U.S. Senate: Who is Represented? Gerald C. Wright XIV,465

The Policymaking Role of State Supreme Courts in Education Policy, Teena Wilhelm XXXII,309

Political Career Paths and the European Parliament, Susan E. Scarrow XXII,253

Political Cleavage in U.S. State Legislative Houses, Jeffrey M. Stonecash XXIV,281

The Political Economy of Supplemental Appropriations, Christopher Wlezien XVIII,51

The Political Efficacy of Lobbying and Money: Gun Control in the U.S. House, 1986, Laura I. Langbein and Mark A. Lotwis XV,413

Political Parties and the Representativeness of Legislative Committees, Brian F. Schaffner XXXII,475

Political Parties as Vehicles for Organizing U.S. State Legislative Committees, Keith E. Hamm and Ronald D. Hedlund XXI,383

The Political Representation of Blacks in Congress: Does Race Matter? Katherine Tate XXVI,623

Political Respect in the Legislature, Gregory A. Caldeira, John A. Clark, and Samuel C. Patterson XVIII,3

The Political Role of Mass Media in Scandinavia, Karen Siune XII,395

Politics as an Avocation: Legislative Professionalization and Participation in Yugoslavia, Lenard J. Cohen V,175

The Politics of the Difficult: Congress, Public Opinion, and Early Cold War Aid and Trade Policies, Michael A. Bailey XXVIII,147

Poole, Keith T., Recent Developments in Analytical Models of Voting in the U.S. Congress XIII,117

Poole , Keith T., and Timothy P. Nokken, Congressional Party Defection in American History XXIX,545

Poole, Keith T., and Howard Rosenthal, Analysis of Congressional Coalition Patterns: A Unidimensional Spatial Model XII,55

Poole, Keith T., and Howard Rosenthal, D-NOMINATE After 10 Years: A Comparative Update to Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll-Call Voting, XXVI,5

Poole, Keith T., Howard Rosenthal, and Glenn Platt, Directional and Euclidean Theories of Voting Behavior: A Legislative Comparison XVII,561

Poole, Keith T., Howard Rosenthal, Royce Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, and James Lo, Comparing NOMINATE and Ideal: Points of Difference and Monte Carlo Tests  XXXIV, 555

Pope, Jeremy C., and Matthew S. Levendusky, Measuring Aggregate-Level Ideological Heterogeneity XXXV, 259

Pope, Jeremy C., and Shawn Treier, Mapping Dimensions of Conflict at the Federal Convention of 1787 XXXVII, 145

Pope, Jeremy C., David W. Brady, and Hahrie Han, Primary Elections and Candidate Ideology: Out-of-Step with the Primary Electorate? XXXII,79

Portugal's Parliament: An Organizational Analysis of Legislative Performance, Walter C. Opello, Jr. XI,291

Position Taking and Cosponsorship in the U.S. House, Gregory Koger XXVIII,225

Positive Theories of Congressional Institutions, Kenneth A. Shepsle and Barry R. Weingast XIX,149

Positive Theories of Congressional Parties, Steven S. Smith XXV,193

Posler, Brian D., and Carl M. Rhodes, Pre-Leadership Signaling in the U.S. House XII, 351

Post, Stephanie Shirley, Robert M. Stein, and Martin Johnson, Public Support for Term Limits: Another Look at Conventional Thinking XXVII,459

Pound, William T., Carl Tubbesing, Karl T. Kurtz, and M. Glenn Newkirk, The State of U.S. State Legislative Research: A Comment VI,27

The Powell Amendment Voting Cycle: An Obituary, John B. Gilmour XXVI,249

Powell, Lynda W., Patricia L. Bicknell, and Richard G. Niemi, The Effects of Congruity Between Community and District on Salience of U.S. House Candidates XI,187

Powell, Lynda W., John M. Carey, and Richard G. Niemi, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures XXIII,271

Powell, Lynda W., Gary F. Moncrief, and Richard G. Niemi, Time, Term Limits, and Turnover: Trends in Membership Stability in U.S. State Legislatures XXIX,357

Powell, Lynda W., Gary F. Moncrief, John M. Carey, and Richard Niemi, The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures: A New Survey of the 50 States XXXI, 105

Powell, Richard J., The Impact of Term Limits on the Candidacy Decisions of State Legislators in U.S. House Elections XXV,645

Power, Timothy J., Lucio R. Rennó, and Carlos Pereira, Agenda Power, Executive Decree Authority, and the Mixed Results of Reform in the Brazilian Congress XXXIII,5

Predicting Partisan Redistricting Disputes, Bruce E. Cain and Janet C. Campagna XII,265

Preferences, Partisanship, and Whip Activity in the U.S. House of Representatives, Barry C. Burden and Tammy M. Frisby XXIX,569

Pre-Leadership Signaling in the U.S. House, Brian D. Posler and Carl M. Rhodes XXII,351

President and Congress: A Review Article, Michael L. Mezey X,519

Presidential Campaigning in the 2002 Congressional Elections, Paul S. Herrnson and Irwin L. Morris XXXII, 629

Presidential Coattails in Open-Seat Elections, Gregory N. Flemming XX,197

Presidential Election Results and Congressional Roll Call Behavior: The Cases of 1964, 1968, and 1972, John E. Schwarz and Barton Fenmore II,409

Presidential Support in the Russian State Duma, Thomas F. Remington XXX1, 5

Presidents and the Conservative Coalition in the U.S. Congress, Mack C. Shelley II VIII,79

Presidents Do Influence Voting in the U.S. Congress: New Definitions and Measurements, Anita Pritchard VIII,691

Price, Richard G., and Harold D. Clarke, Parliamentary Experience and Representational Role Orientations in Canada VI,373

Primary Elections and Candidate Ideology: Out-of-Step with the Primary Electorate? David W. Brady, Hahrie Han, and Jeremy C. Pope XXXII,79

Priming Partisan Evaluations of Congress, David C. Kimball XXX,63

Prince, David W., L. Marvin Overby, and Thomas A. Kazee, Committee Outliers in State Legislatures XXIX,81

Principal-Agent Theory and the Power of State House Speakers, Richard A. Clucas XXVI,319

Principals, Goals, Dimensionality, and Congressional Committees, Forrest Maltzman and Steven S. Smith XIX,457

Prins, Brandon C., and Bryan W. Marshall, Strategic Position Taking and Presidential Influence in Congress XXXII, 257

Pritchard, Anita, Presidents Do Influence Voting in the U.S. Congress: New Definitions and Measurements VIII,691

Pritchard, Anita, Strategic Considerations in the Decision to Challenge a State Legislative Incumbent XVII,381

Pritchard, Anita, and Michael W. Giles, Campaign Expenditures and Legislative Elections in Florida X,71

Private Interests in the U.S. Congress: A Research Note, Susan Welch and John G. Peters VII,547

A Probabilistic Approach to Retirement from the U.S. Congress, Paul Brace X,107

Process versus Policy: The U.S. House Budget Committee, Lance T. LeLoup IV,227

Proctor, J.H., The Nominated Members of India's Council of States: A Study of Role-Definition X,53

Production Assets, New Opportunities, and Publicity of Legislators: A Study of Israeli Knesset Members, Tamir Sheafer and Gadi Wolfsfeld XXIX,611

Professional Legislatures and Ambitious Politicians: Policy Responsiveness of State Institutions, Cherie Maestas  XXV,663

Professionalization and Careerism in Canadian Provincial Assemblies: Comparison to U.S. State Legislatures, Gary F. Moncrief XIX,33

Professionals in the U.S. Congress: An Analysis of Working Styles, Christine DeGregorio XIII,459

Property Rights and the Emergence of Standing Committee Dominance in the Nineteenth Century House, Jeffery A. Jenkins XXIII,493

Proportional Representation and Female Parliamentarians: Examining Over-Time Changes, Rob Salmond XXXI, 175

Prospective Economic Voting in U.S. House Elections, 1956-88, Brad Lockerbie XVI,239

Prospects for Formal Models of Legislatures, Kenneth A. Shepsle X,5

Provincial Assemblies and Parlement in Early Modern France: A Review of Historical Scholarship, James Eastgate Brink XI,429

Pruning Thorns from the Thicket: An Empirical Test of the Existence of Racial Gerrymandering, Richard L. Engstrom and John K. Wildgen II,465

Public Approval of U.S. State Legislatures, Lilliard E. Richardson, Jr, David M. Konisky, and Jeffrey Milyo XXXVII, 99

Public Financing of Legislative Elections: Lessons from Minnesota, Patrick D. Donnay and Graham P. Ramsden XX,351

Public Images of Parliament During Its Absence, Esther S. Cope VII,221

Public Judgments of Senate and House Candidates, Arthur H. Miller XV,525

Public Support for Term Limits: Another Look at Conventional Thinking, Robert M. Stein, Martin Johnson, and Stephanie Shirley Post XXVII,459

Pulling Punches: Congressional Constraints on the Supreme Court's Constitutional Rulings, 1987-2000, Anna Harvey and Barry Friedman XXXI,533

Puri, Shashi Lata, and Iqbal Narain, Legislators in an Indian State: A Study of Role Images and the Pattern of Constituency Linkages I,315

Purposive Behavior in the U.S. Congress: A Review Essay, Barbara Deckard Sinclair VIII,117

Purposive Politicians Meet the Institutional Congress: A Review Essay, Leroy N. Rieselbach XVII,95

Pursuing the Pork in a State Legislature: A Research Note, Joel A. Thompson and Gary F. Moncrief XIII,393

The Puzzle of Representation: Specifying Components of Responsiveness, Heinz Eulau and Paul D. Karps II,233

The Puzzling Decline in House Support for Free Trade: Was Fast Track a Referendum on NAFTA? Kedron Bardwell   XXV,591

Q

Quiet Influence: The Representation of Diffuse Interests on Trade Policy, 1983-94, Michael Bailey XXVI,45

R
The R2=.93: Where Then Do They Differ? Comparing Liberal and Conservative Interest Group Ratings, Thomas L. Brunell, William Koetzle, John DiNardo, Bernard Grofman, and Scott L. Feld  XXIV,87

Radcliffe, Peter M., Brandon L. Bartels, and Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, The Incidence and Timing of PAC Contributions to Incumbent U.S. House Members, 1993-94 XXX,549

Ragsdale, Lyn, Incumbent Popularity, Challenger Invisibility, and Congressional Voters VI,201

Ragsdale, Lyn, Old Approaches and New Challenges in Legislative Election Research XIX,537

Ragsdale, Lyn, Responsiveness and Legislative Elections: Toward a Comparative Study VIII,339

Ragsdale, Lyn, and Jerrold G. Rusk, Candidates, Issues, and Participation in Senate Elections XX,305

Ramsden, Graham P., and Patrick D. Donnay, Public Financing of Legislative Elections: Lessons from Minnesota XX,351

Rasch, Bjørn Erik, Parliamentary Floor Voting Procedures and Agenda Setting in Europe XXV,3

Rasmussen, Jorgen S., and James M. McCormick, The Influence of Ideology on British Labour MPs in Voting on EEC Issues X,203

Ray, Bruce A., Congressional Losers in the U.S. Federal Spending Process V,359

Ray, Bruce A., The Responsiveness of the U.S. Congressional Armed Services Committees to Their Parent Bodies V,501

Ray, Bruce A., and Steven S. Smith, Committee Size in the U.S. Congress IX,679

Recent Developments in Analytical Models of Voting in the U.S. Congress, Keith T. Poole XIII,117

Recent Research on Legislative Staffs, Susan Webb Hammond XXI,543

A Reconceptualization of Representational Role Theory, Eugene J. Alpert IV,587

Reconsidering the ‘Myths and Realities’ of Campaign Finance Reform, Robert K. Goidel and Donald A. Gross XXI,129

Reconstitutive Change in the U.S. Congress: The Early Senate, 1789-1841, Elaine K. Swift XIV,175

Recovering a Basic Space from Elite Surveys: Evidence from Latin America, Sebastian M. Saiegh XXXIV, 117

Recruitment and Retention in U.S. Legislatures, Gary F. Moncrief  XXIV,173

Recruitment and Retention in Western European Parliaments, Werner J. Patzelt XXIV,239

Recruitment and Retention of Legislators in Brazil, Fabiano Santos XXIV,209

Redistributing Campaign Funds by U.S. House Members: The Spiraling Costs of the Permanent Campaign, Eric S. Heberlig and Bruce A. Larson XXX,597

Redistricting, Responsiveness, and Issue Attention, Matthew Hayes, Matthew V. Hibbing, and Tracy Sulkin XXXV, 91

Reelection and Representation in Conflict: The Case of Agenda Manipulation, John D. Wilkerson XV,263

Reenock, Christopher, and Sarah Poggione, Agency Design as an Ongoing Tool of Bureaucratic Influence XXIX,383

Reexamining the Filibuster and Proposal Powers in the Senate, Alison B. Alter and Leslie Moscow McGranahan XXV,259

Reexamining the Institutional Effects of Term Limits in U.S. State Legislatures, Susan M. Miller, Jill Nicholson-Crotty, and Sean Nicholson-Crotty XXXVI, 71

Reexamining the Politics of Talk:  Partisan Rhetoric in the 104th House, Jonathan S. Morris XXVI,101

Reexamining Theories of Congressional Retirement: Evidence from the 1980s, Steven G. Livingston and Sally Friedman XVIII,231

Regional Legislatures in the Soviet Political System, D. Richard Little V,233

Reich, Gary, Executive Decree Authority in Brazil: How Reactive Legislators Influence Policy XXVII,5 

Reingold, Beth, Concepts of Representation Among Female and Male State Legislators XVII,509

Reinhardt, Gina Yannitell and John M. Carey, State-Level Institutional Effects on Legislative Coalition Unity in Brazil XXIX,23

Reisinger, William M., Situational and Motivational Assumptions in Theories of Coalition Formation XI,551

Religion in the Legislative Arena: Affiliation, Salience, Advocacy, and Public Policymaking, David Yamane and Elizabeth A. Oldmixon  XXXI,433

Religion, Representatives, and Roll Calls, John C. Green and James L. Guth XVI,571

Remaking the House and Senate: Personal Power, Ideology, and the 1970s Reforms, Eric Schickler, Eric McGhee, and John Sides XXVIII,297

Remington, Thomas F., Presidential Support in the Russian State Duma XXXI, 5

Remington, Thomas F., and Steven S. Smith, The Development of Parliamentary Parties in Russia XX,457

Rennó, Lucio R., Carlos Pereira, and Timothy J. Power, Agenda Power, Executive Decree Authority, and the Mixed Results of Reform in the Brazilian Congress XXXIII,5

Reported versus Actual Vote: There is a Difference and It Matters, Gerald C. Wright XVII,131

Representation and Backlash: The Positive and Negative Influence of Descriptive Representation, Donald P. Haider-Markel XXXII,107

Representation in France: Electoral Behavior, Mark N. Franklin and Thomas T. Mackie XII,227

Representation in France: Legislative Behavior, 1967-1968, John C. Wahlke XII,215

Representation in France: The Congruence Model Revisited, Heinz Eulau XII,171

Representation in France: The Responsible Party Model, Jean Charlot XII,237

Representation of Local Officials by U.S. State Legislators, Glenn Abney and Thomas A. Henderson IV,63

The Representation of Women on U.S. Senate Committee Staffs, Sally Friedman and Robert T. Nakamura XVI,407

Representative-Constituency Linkages: A Review Article, James H. Kuklinski IV,121

Representative Roles and Legislative Behavior in France, Philip E. Converse and Roy Pierce IV,525

Representatives' Attitudes Toward Citizen Protests in Sweden: The Impact of Ideology, Parliamentary Position, and Experiences, Mikael Gilljam, Mikael Persson, and David Karlsson XXXVII, 251

Representatives' Decisions on Participation in Foreign Policy Issues, Eileen Burgin XVI,521

Representing the Celtic Fringe: Devolution and Legislative Behavior in Scotland and Wales, William Mishler and Anthony Mughan III,377

Republican Contestation of U.S. State Senate Elections in the South, Joseph A. Aistrup XV,227

Research on European Parliaments: A Review Article on Scholarly and Institutional Variety, Mogens N. Pedersen IX,505

Research on 19th Century Legislatures: Present Contours and Future Directions, Margaret Susan Thompson and John H. Silbey IX,319

Research Update: The Timing of Candidacy Decisions in the U.S. House, 1982-1988, Clyde Wilcox and Bob Biersack XV,115

Reserved Seats in National Legislatures: A Research Note, Andrew Reynolds XXX,301

Response to Born, Morris P. Fiorina XIX,117

A Response to Desposato's  Review of The Handbook of National Legislatures, M. Steven Fish and Matthew Kroenig XXXVII, 397

Responsiveness and Legislative Elections: Toward a Comparative Study, Lyn Ragsdale VIII,339

Responsiveness in Public School Districts: A Comparative Analysis of Boards of Education, Harvey J. Tucker and L. Harmon Zeigler III,213

The Responsiveness of the U.S. Congressional Armed Services Committees to Their Parent Bodies, Bruce A. Ray V,501

Results of Partisan Redistricting in Seven U.S. States During the 1970s, Peverill Squire X,259

Reveley, Jessica Bonney, Brandice Canes-Wrone, and William Minozzi, Issue Accountability and the Mass Public XXXVI, 5

Revisiting the State of U.S. State Legislative Research, Gary Moncrief, Joel A. Thompson, and William Cassie XXI,301

Reynolds, Andrew, Reserved Seats in National Legislatures: A Research Note XXX,301

Reynolds, Mark, and Charles Stewart III, Television Markets and U.S. Senate Elections XV,495

Rhee, Jungho, Barry Rundquist, and Jeong-Hwa Lee, The Distributive Politics of Cold War Defense Spending: Some State Level Evidence XXI,265

Rhodes, Carl M., and Brian D. Posler, Pre-Leadership Signaling in the U.S. House XXII, 351

Rice, Tom W., and Michael S. Lewis-Beck, Forecasting U.S. House Elections IX,475

Richardson, Lilliard E., Jr., and Patricia K. Freeman, Explaining Variation in Casework Among State Legislators XXI,41

Richardson, Lilliard E., Jr., David M. Konisky, and Jeffrey Milyo, Public Approval of U.S. State Legislatures XXXVII, 99

Richman, Barak, Mario Bergara, and Pablo T. Spiller, Modeling Supreme Court Strategic Decision Making: The Congressional Constraint XXVIII,247

Richman, Jesse, The Logic of Legislative Leadership: Preferences, Challenges, and the Speaker's Powers XXXV, 211

Richman, Jesse, Uncertainty and the Prevalence of Committee Outliers XXXIII,323

Richman, Jesse T., and James Coleman Battista, Party Pressure in the U.S. State Legislatures XXXVI, 397

Riddlesperger, James W., and Wayne L. Francis, U.S. State Legislative Committees: Structure, Procedural Efficiency, and Party Control VII,453

Riemann, Charles, William Howell, Scott Adler, and Charles Cameron, Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress 1945-94 XXV,285 

Rieselbach, Leroy N., Purposive Politicians Meet the Institutional Congress: A Review Essay XVII,95

Rieselbach, Leroy N., and Joseph K. Unekis, Congressional Committee Leadership, 1971-1978 VIII,251

Ripley, Randall B., and James M. Lindsay, Foreign and Defense Policy in Congress: A Research Agenda for the 1990s XVII,417

The Rise of Coalition Politics: Voting in the U.S. House, 1933-1980, Melissa P. Collie XIII,321

Rivers, Douglas, David Brady, and Kara Buckley, The Roots of Careerism in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIV,489

Robeck, Bruce W., State Legislator Candidacies for the U.S. House: Prospects for Success VII,507

Roberts, Andrew, and James N. Druckman, Communist Successor Parties and Coalition Formation in Eastern Europe XXXII,5

Roberts, Jason M., The Development of Special Orders and Special Rules in the U.S. House, 1881-1937 XXXV, 307

Roberts, Jason M. Minority Rights and Majority Power: Conditional Party Government and the Motion to Recommit in the House XXX,219

Roberts, Jason Matthew, The Statistical Analysis of Roll-Call Data: A Cautionary Tale XXXII,341

Robertson, John D., Economic Polarization and Cabinet Formation in Western Europe XI,533

Robertson, Roby D., and Keith E. Hamm, Factors Influencing the Adoption of New Methods of Legislative Oversight in the U.S. States VI,133

Rocca, Michael S., Military Base Closures and the 1996 Congressional Elections XXVIII,529

Rockman, Bert A., and Morris S. Ogul, Overseeing Oversight: New Departures and Old Problems XV,5

Rockman, Bert A., Legislative-Executive Relations and Legislative Oversight IX,387

Rogers, James R., Empirical Determinants of Bicameral Sequence in State Legislatures XXX,29

Rogers, James R., The Impact of Bicameralism on Legislative Production XXVIII,509

Rohde, David W., Parties and Committees in the House: Member Motivations, Issues, and Institutional Arrangements XIX,341

Rohde, David W., and Charles J. Finocchiaro, War on the Floor: Partisan Theory and Agenda Control in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXIII,35

The Role of Investigative Committees in the Presidential Impeachment Processes in Brazil and Colombia, Naoko Kada XXVIII,29

The Role of Committees in Agenda Setting in the U.S. Congress, Barbara Deckard Sinclair XI,35

The Role of Legislators in the Determination of Interest Group Influence, Scott H. Ainsworth XXII,517

The Role of Mass Media in West German Election Campaigns, Klaus Schoenbach XII,373

The Role of Parliamentary Politicians in Singapore, Chan Heng Chee I,423

The Role of "Subgovernments" in U.S. State Policy Making: An Exploratory Analysis, Keith E. Hamm XI,321

The Role of the U.S. Senate Staff in the Opinion Linkage Process: Population Policy, Harold L. Wolman and Dianne Miller Wolman II,281

Roll Calls, Reputations, and Representation in the U.S. Senate, Robert S. Erikson XV,623

Rood, Robert M., Marcia Whicker Taylor, and John S. Stolarek, Measuring Constituency Opinion in the U.S. House: Mail versus Random Surveys VI,589

The Roots of Careerism in the U.S. House of Representatives, David Brady, Kara Buckley, and Douglas Rivers XXIV,489

Rosas, Guillermo, and Yael Shomer, Models of Nonresponse in Legislative Politics XXXIII, 573

Roscoe, Douglas D., John Frendreis, Alan R. Gitelson, and Shannon Jenkins, Testing Spatial Models of Elections: The Influence of Voters and Elites on Candidate Issue Positions XXVIII,77

Rose, Richard, and William Mishler, Support for Parliaments and Regimes in the Transition Toward Democracy in Eastern Europe XIX,5

Rosenson, Beth A., Congressional Frequent Flyers: Demand and Supply Side Explanations for Privately-Sponsored Travel XXXIV,245

Rosenthal, Alan, Legislative Behavior and Legislative Oversight VI,115

Rosenthal, Alan, State Legislative Development: Observations from Three Perspectives XXI,169

Rosenthal, Alan, and Rod Forth, The Assembly Line: Law Production in the American States III,265

Rosenthal, Cindy Simon, New Party or Campaign Bank Account? Explaining the Rise of State Legislative Campaign Committees XX,249

Rosenthal, Howard, and Keith T. Poole, Analysis of Congressional Coalition Patterns: A Unidimensional Spatial Model XII,55

Rosenthal, Howard, and Keith T. Poole, D-NOMINATE After 10 Years: A Comparative Update to Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll-Call Voting, XXVI,5

Rosenthal, Howard, Glenn Platt, and Keith T. Poole, Directional and Euclidean Theories of Voting Behavior: A Legislative Comparison XVII,561

Rosenthal, Howard, Royce Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, and Keith T. Poole,  Comparing NOMINATE and Ideal: Points of Difference and Monte Carlo Tests XXXIV, 555

Rothstein, Paul, and John B. Gilmour, Early Republican Retirement: A Cause of Democratic Dominance in the House of Representatives XVIII,345

Rothstein, Samuel, The Origins of the Legislative References Services in the United States XV,401

Rouse, Stella M., and Kathleen A. Bratton,  Networks in the Legislative Arena: How Group Dynamics Affect Cosponsorship XXXVI, 423

Rudolph, Thomas J., The Economic Sources of Congressional Approval XXVII,577

Rudolph, Thomas J., and J. Tobin Grant, The Job of Representation in Congress: Public Expectations and Representative Approval XXIX,431

'Rules of the Game' in Ephemeral Institutions: U.S. State Constitutional Conventions, John J. Carroll and Arthur English VI,305

Rundquist, Barry S., and Gerald S. Strom, Bill Construction in Legislative Committees: A Study of the U.S. House XII,97

Rundquist, Barry, Jeong-Hwa Lee, and Jungho Rhee, The Distributive Politics of Cold War Defense Spending: Some State Level Evidence XXI,265

Rundquist, Paul S., Arthur G. Stevens, Jr., and Daniel P. Mulhollan, U.S. Congressional Structure and Representation: The Role of Informal Groups VI,415

Rusk, Jerrold G., and Lyn Ragsdale, Candidates, Issues, and Participation in Senate Elections XX,305

Russell, Conrad S.R., Monarchies, Wars, and Estates in England, France, and Spain, c. 1580 - c. 1640 VII,205

Ryle, Michael T., The Legislative Staff of the British House of Commons VI,497

S
Sabatier, Paul, and David Whiteman, Legislative Decision Making and Substantive Policy Information: Models of Information Flow X,395

The 'Sagebrush Rebellion' and Alaska Lands Bill in the U.S. Congress, Carroll B. Foster VIII,655

Saiegh, Sebastian M., Recovering a Basic Space from Elite Surveys: Evidence from Latin America XXXIV, 117

Saints and Cardinals in Appropriations Committees and the Fight Against Distributive Politics, James D. Savage XVI,329

Salisbury, Robert H., and Kenneth A. Shepsle, U.S. Congressman as Enterprise VI,559

Salmond, Rob, Proportional Representation and Female Parliamentarians: Examining Over-Time Changes XXXI, 175

Samuels, David, Ambition and Competition: Explaining Legislator Turnover in Brazil, XXV,481

Santos, Fabiano, Recruitment and Retention of Legislators in Brazil XXIV,209

Santos, Fabiano, and Octavio Amorim Neto, The Inefficient Secret Revisited: The Legislative Input and Output of Brazilian Deputies XXVIII,449

Sarbaugh-Thompson, Marjorie, John Strate, Kelly LeRoux, Richard C. Elling, Lyke Thompson, and Charles D. Elder,  Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits XXXV, 57

Saturno, James V., and Richard G. Forgette, 302(b) or Not 302(b): Congressional Floor Procedures and House Appropriators XIX,385

Savage, James D., Saints and Cardinals in Appropriations Committees and the Fight Against Distributive Politics XVI,329

Scaling Policy Preferences from Coded Political Texts, Will Lowe, Kenneth Benoit, Slava Mikhaylov, and Michael Laver, XXXVI, 123

Scarrow, Howard, and Bernard Grofman, Weighted Voting in New York VI,287

Scarrow, Susan E., Political Career Paths and the European Parliament XXII,253

Schaffner, Brian F., Local News Coverage and the Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House XXXI,491

Schaffner, Brian F., Political Parties and the Representativeness of Legislative Committees XXXII,475

Schaffner, Brian F., Wendy J. Schiller, and Patrick J. Sellers, Tactical and Contextual Determinants of U.S. Senators' Approval Ratings XXVIII,203

Schantz, Harvey L., Contested and Uncontested Primaries for the U.S. House V,545

Schecter, David L., and David M. Hedge, Dancing with the One Who Brought You: The Allocation and Impact of Party Giving to State Legislators XXVI,437

Scheiner, Ethan, and Robert G. Moser, Strategic Ticket Splitting and the Personal Vote in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems XXX,259

Schickler, Eric, and Kathryn Pearson, Agenda Control, Majority Party Power, and the House Committee on Rules, 1937–52 XXXIV, 455

Schickler, Eric, and John Sides, Intergenerational Warfare: The Senate Decentralizes Appropriations  XXV,551 

Schickler, Eric, Eric McGhee, and John Sides, Remaking the House and Senate: Personal Power, Ideology, and the 1970s Reforms XXVIII,297

Schiff, Steven H., and Steven S. Smith, Generational Change and the Allocation of Staff in the U.S. Congress VIII,457

Schiller, Wendy J., Brian F. Schaffner, and Patrick J. Sellers, Tactical and Contextual Determinants of U.S. Senators' Approval Ratings XXVIII,203

Schoenbach, Klaus, The Role of Mass Media in West German Election Campaigns XII,373

Schuler, Paul, and Edmund Malesky, The Single-Party Dictator's Dlimenna: Information in Elections without Opposition XXXVI, 491

Schwartz, Liam, and Douglas Kriner, Divided Government and Congressional Investigations XXXIII,295

Schwarz, John E., and Barton Fenmore, Presidential Election Results and Congressional Roll Call Behavior: The Cases of 1964, 1968, and 1972 II,409

Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A., Making Quotas Work: The Effect of Gender Quota Laws on the Election of Women XXXIV,5

Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A., and Renato Corbetta, Gender Turnover and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. House of Representatives XXIX,215

Scicchitano, Michael J., Congressional Oversight: The Case of the Clean Air Act XI,393

Sciortino, John, Charles M. Tidmarch, and Edward Lonergan, Interparty Competition in the U.S. States: Legislative Elections, 1970-1978 XI,353

Scotching Nationalism in the British Parliament: Crosscutting Cleavages Among MPs, William Mishler VIII,5

Scully, Roger M., Policy Influence and Participation in the European Parliament XXII, 233

Seats That May Not Matter: Testing for Racial Polarization in U.S. City Councils, Rory Austin XXVII,481

The Search for Information: Specialists and Nonspecialists in the U.S. House of Representatives, Robert Zwier IV,31

Searching for the Electoral Connection: Parliamentary Party Switching in the Ukrainian Rada, 1998-2002, Frank C. Thames XXII,223

Seeds for Success: Early Money in Congressional Elections, Robert Biersack, Paul S. Herrnson, and Clyde Wilcox XVIII,535

Seen But Not Heard: Committee Visibility and Institutional Change in the Senate National Security Committees, 1947-2006, Linda L. Fowler and R. Brian Law  XXXIII,357

Segal, Jeffrey A., and Alan I. Abramowitz, Beyond Willie Horton and the Pledge of Allegiance: National Issues in the 1988 Elections XV,565

Segura, Gary M., and James H. Kuklinski, Endogeneity, Exogeneity, Time, and Space in Political Representation XX,3

Self-selection or Socialization? A Dynamic Analysis of Committee Member Preferences, Martin Baekgaard XXXV, 337

Sellers, Patrick J., Brian F. Schaffner, and Wendy J. Schiller, Tactical and Contextual Determinants of U.S. Senators' Approval Ratings XXVIII,203

Semetko, Holli A., and Jay G. Blumler, Mass Media and Legislative Campaigns in a Unitary Parliamentary Democracy: The Case of Britain XII,415

Senate Apportionment and Partisan Advantage: A Second Look, Franco Mattei XXVI,391

Senate Apportionment as a Source of Political Inequality, John D. Griffin XXXI,405

Senate Apportionment: Competitiveness and Partisan Advantage, Frances E. Lee and Bruce I. Oppenheimer XXII,3

Senate Elections in the News: Examining Campaign Coverage, Kim Fridkin Kahn XVI,349

Senate Incumbent Visibility Over the Election Cycle, Charles H. Franklin XVIII,271

The Senate Through the Looking Glass: The Debate Over Television, Richard F. Fenno, Jr. XIV,313

Senator Opposition to Supreme Court Nominations: Reference Dependence on the Departing Justice, L J Zigerell XXXV, 393

The Senatorial Courtesy Game: Explaining the Norm of Informal Votes in Advice and Consent Nominations, Tonja Jacobi XXX,193

Senators' Home-State Reputations: Why Do Constituents Love a Bill Cohen So Much More Than a Al D'Amato? Sarah Binder, Forrest Maltzman, and Lee Sigelman XXIII,545

A Sequential Choice Theory Perspective on Legislative Organization, David P. Baron XIX,267

A Sequential Model of U.S. Senate Elections, Charles Stewart III XIV,567

Seroka, James H., Legislative Recruitment and Political Change in Yugoslavia IV,105

Serra, George, and Albert D. Cover, The Electoral Consequences of Perquisite Use: The Casework Case XVII,233

Shabad, Goldie, and Kazimierz M. Slomczynski, The Emergence of Career Politicians in Post-Communist Democracies: Poland and the Czech Republic XXVII,333

Shafer, David J., and Charles S. Bullock III, Party Targeting and Electoral Success XXII, 573

Shan, Chao-Chi, and Jeffrey M. Stonecash, Legislative Resources and Electoral Margins: New York State Senate, 1950-1990 XIX,79

Shapiro, Catherine R., David W. Brady, Richard A. Brody, and John A. Ferejohn, Linking Constituency Opinion and Senate Voting Scores: A Hybrid Explanation XV,599

Sheafer, Tamir, and Gadi Wolfsfeld, Production Assets, New Opportunities, and Publicity of Legislators: A Study of Israeli Knesset Members XXIX,611

Shelley, Mack C., II, Presidents and the Conservative Coalition in the U.S. Congress VIII,79

Shen, Francis X., and Douglas L. Kriner, Iraq Casualties and the 2006 Senate Elections XXXII,507

Shepsle, Kenneth A., Prospects for Formal Models of Legislatures X,5

Shepsle, Kenneth A., and Gerald Gamm, Emergence of Legislative Institutions: Standing Committees in the House and Senate, 1810-1825 XIV,39

Shepsle, Kenneth A., and Robert H. Salisbury, U.S. Congressman as Enterprise VI,559

Shepsle, Kenneth A., and Barry R. Weingast, Editors' Introduction: Formal Models of Legislatures XIX,145

Shepsle, Kenneth A., and Barry R. Weingast, Positive Theories of Congressional Institutions XIX,149

Shields, Todd G., Robert K. Goidel, and Barry Tadlock, The Net Impact of Media Exposure on Individual Voting Decisions in U.S. Senate and House Elections XX,415

Shin, Kwang S., and John S. Jackson III, Membership Turnover in U.S. State Legislatures: 1931-1976 IV,95

Shipan, Charles R., and John D. Huber, The Costs of Control: Legislators, Agencies, and Transaction Costs XXV,25

Shomer, Yael, and Guillermo Rosas, Models of Nonresponse in Legislative Politics XXXIII, 573

Shipan, Charles R., and William R. Lowry, Party Differentiation in Congress XXVII,33

Shor, Boris, Christopher Berry, and Nolan McCarty, A Bridge to Somewhere: Mapping State and Congressional Ideology on a Cross-institutional Common Space XXXV, 417

Shotts, Kenneth W., and Michael C. Herron, Term Limits and Pork XXXI,383

Shull, Steven A., and James M. Vanderleeuw, What Do Key Votes Measure? XII,573

Shvetsova, Olga, Gaining Legislative Control Through Strategic District Nomination: The Case of the Russian Left in 1995 XXVII,635

Sides, John, and Eric Schickler, Intergenerational Warfare: The Senate Decentralizes Appropriations  XXV,551  

Sides, John, Eric Schickler, and Eric McGhee, Remaking the House and Senate: Personal Power, Ideology, and the 1970s Reforms XXVIII,297

Sigelman, Lee, Special Elections to the U.S. House: Some Descriptive Generalizations VI,577

Sigelman, Lee, and Henry C. Kenski, Where the Votes Come From: Group Components of the 1988 Senate Vote XVIII,367

Sigelman, Lee, Forrest Maltzman, Sarah Binder, Senators' Home-State Reputations: Why Do Constituents Love a Bill Cohen So Much More Than a Al D'Amato? XXIII,545

The Significance of Lobbyist-Legislator Interactions in German State Parliaments, Manfred von Nordheim and Richard W. Taylor I,511

Silberman, Susan, and Carol S. Weissert, Legislative Demands for Bureaucratic Policymaking: The Case of State Medical Boards XXVII,123

Silbey, Joel H., Congress at the Bicentennial: A Comment XIV,129

Silbey, Joel H., Congressional and State Legislative Roll-Call Studies by U.S. Historians VI,597

Silbey, Joel H., and Margaret Susan Thompson, Research on 19th Century Legislatures: Present Contours and Future Directions IX,319

Simon, Maurice D., and David M. Olson, Evolution of a Minimal Parliament: Membership and Committee Changes in the Polish Sejm V,211

Sinclair, Barbara Deckard, Agenda Control and Policy Success: Ronald Reagan and the 97th House X,291

Sinclair, Barbara Deckard, Determinants of Aggregate Party Cohesion in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1901-1956 II,155

Sinclair, Barbara, House Special Rules and the Institutional Design Controversy XIX,477

Sinclair, Barbara Deckard, Majority Party Leadership Strategies for Coping with the New U.S. House VI,391

Sinclair, Barbara Deckard, Purposive Behavior in the U.S. Congress: A Review Essay VIII,117

Sinclair, Barbara Deckard, The Role of Committees in Agenda Setting in the U.S. Congress XI,35

Sinclair, Barbara, Transformational Leader or Faithful Agent? Principal-Agent Theory and House Majority Party Leadership XXIV,421

Sinclair, Barbara, Washington Behavior and Home-State Reputation: The Impact of National Prominence on Senators' Images XV,475

Sinclair-Chapman, Valeria, William D. Anderson, and Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, The Keys to Legislative Success in the U.S. House of Representatives XXVIII,357

The Single-Party Dictator's Dlimenna: Information in Elections without Opposition, Edmund Malesky and Paul Schuler XXXVI, 491

Situational and Motivational Assumptions in Theories of Coalition Formation, William M. Reisinger XI,551

Siune, Karen, The Political Role of Mass Media in Scandinavia XII,395

Size, Power, and Electoral Systems: Exogenous Determinants of Legislative Procedural Choice, Andrew J. Taylor XXXI,323  

Slapin, Jonathan B., Ryan J. Vander Wielen, and René Lindstädt, Balancing Competing Demands: Position Taking and Election Proximity in the European Parliament XXXVI, 37

Slavery, Partisanship, and Procedure in the U.S. House: The Gag Rule, 1836-1845, Scott R. Meinke XXXI,33

Slomczynski, Kazimierz M., and Goldie Shabad, The Emergence of Career Politicians in Post-Communist Democracies: Poland and the Czech Republic XXVII,333

Smidt, Corwin E., and James M. Penning, Views of American State Legislators on Public Funding of Legislative Elections VIII,97

Smith, David R., and Thomas L. Brunell, Special Elections to the U.S. House of Representatives: A General Election Barometer? XXXV, 283

Smith, Eric R.A.N., and Peverill Squire, A Further Examination of Challenger Quality in Senate Elections XXI,235

Smith, Eric R.A.N., Richard Herrera, and Cheryl L. Herrera, The Measurement Characteristics of Congressional Roll-Call Indexes XV,283

Smith, Joseph L., Judicial Procedures as Instruments of Political Control: Congress' Strategic Use of Citizen Suits XXXI, 283

Smith, Richard A., Interest Group Influence in the U.S. Congress XX,89

Smith, Steven S., The Central Concepts in Fenno's Committee Studies XI,5

Smith, Steven S., An Essay on Sequence, Position, Goals, and Committee Power XIII,151

Smith, Steven S., Positive Theories of Congressional Parties XXV,193

Smith, Steven S., and Christopher J. Deering, Changing Motives for Committee Preferences of New Members of the U.S. House VIII,271

Smith, Steven S., and Marcus Flathman, Managing the Senate Floor: Complex Unanimous Consent Agreements Since the 1950s XIV,349

Smith, Steven S., and Forrest Maltzman, Principals, Goals, Dimensionality, and Congressional Committees XIX,457

Smith, Steven S., and Bruce A. Ray, Committee Size in the U.S. Congress IX,679

Smith, Steven S., and Thomas F. Remington, The Development of Parliamentary Parties in Russia XX,457

Smith, Steven S., and Steven H. Schiff, Generational Change and the Allocation of Staff in the U.S. Congress VIII,457

Smith, Steven S., Eric D. Lawrence, and Forrest Maltzman, Who Wins? Party Effects in Legislative Voting XXXI, 33

Snider, Kevin, and Christine DeGregorio, Leadership Appeal in the U.S. House of Representatives: Comparing Officeholders and Aides XX,491

Snowberg, Eric, James M. Snyder, Jr., and Stephen Ansolabehere, Television and the Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Elections XXXI, 469

Snyder, James M., Jr., Artificial Extremism in Interest Group Ratings XVII,319

Snyder, James M., Jr., Constituency Preferences: California Ballot Propositions, 1974–90 XXI,465

Snyder, James M. Jr., and Stephen Ansolabehere, Using Term Limits to Estimate Incumbency Advantages When Officeholders Retire Strategically XXIX,487

Snyder, James M., Jr., and John Londregan, Comparing Committee and Floor Preferences XIX,233

Snyder, Jr., James M., and Gerard Padró i Miquel, Legislative Effectiveness and Legislative Careers XXXI,347

Snyder, Jr., James M., and Michiko Ueda, Do Multimember Districts Lead to Free-Riding? XXXII,649

Snyder, James M., Jr., Stephen Ansolabehere, and Charles Stewart III, The Effects of Party and Preferences on Congressional Roll-Call Voting XXVI,533

Snyder, Jr., James M., Stephen Ansolabehere, and Eric Snowberg, Television and the Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Elections XXXI, 469

Social Background vs. Motivational Determinants of Legislative Careers in The Netherlands, Galen Irwin, Ian Budge, and Dennis Farlie IV,447

Social Backgrounds and Local Orientations of Members of the Irish Dail, Michael Gallagher X,373

A Social Choice Model of Politics: Insights into the Demise of the U.S. Continental Congress, Calvin C. Jillson and Rick K. Wilson XII,5

Socialization to Partisanship in the U.S. House: The Speaker's Task Force, James C. Garand and Kathleen M. Clayton XI,409

Soherr-Hadwiger, David, Military Construction Policy: A Test of Competing Explanations of Universalism in Congress XXIII,57

Solberg, Rorie L. Spill, and Eric S. Heberlig, Communicating to the Courts and Beyond: Why Members of Congress Participate as Amici Curiae XXIX,591

Solicited Advice and Lobbyist Power: Evidence from Three American States, Anthony J. Nownes XXIV,113

Sollars, David L., Institutional Rules and State Legislator Compensation: Success for the Reform Movement? XIX,507

Songer, Donald R., The Influence of Empirical Research: Committee vs. Floor Decision Making XIII,375

Sophomore Surge in State Legislative Elections, 1968-86, Thomas M. Holbrook and Charles M. Tidmarch XVI,49

Sources of Competition in State Legislative Primary Elections, Robert E. Hogan XXVIII,103

Sousa, David J., and David T. Canon, Party System Change and Political Career Structures in the U.S. Congress XVII,347

Southern Primary and Electoral Competition and Incumbent Success, Malcolm E. Jewell and David Breaux XVI,129

Spatial Distribution of Partisan Support and the Seats/Votes Relationship, John K. Wildgen and Richard L. Engstrom V,423

Spatial Models of Legislative Choice, Keith Krehbiel XIII,259

Special Elections to the U.S. House of Representatives: A General Election Barometer?, David R. Smith and Thomas L. Brunell XXXV, 283

Special Elections to the U.S. House: Some Descriptive Generalizations, Lee Sigelman VI,577

Spiller, Pablo T., Mario Bergara, and Barak Richman, Modeling Supreme Court Strategic Decision Making: The Congressional Constraint XXVIII,247

Spinning Straw into Gold: Soft Money and U.S. House Elections, Diana Dwyre XXI,409

Split-Ticket Voters, Divided Government, and Fiorina's Policy-Balancing Model, Richard Born XIX,95

Sprague, John, One-Party Dominance in Legislatures VI,259

Springer, Fred J., and Lloyd D. Musolf, Legislatures and Divided Societies: The Malaysian Parliament and Multi-Ethnicity II,113

Squire, Peverill, Another Look at Legislative Professionalization and Divided Government in the States XXII,417

Squire, Peverill, Career Opportunities and Membership Stability in Legislatures XIII,65

Squire, Peverill, Challenger Quality and Voting Behavior in U.S. Senate Elections XVII,247

Squire, Peverill, Challengers in U.S. Senate Elections XIV,531

Squire, Peverill, Competition and Uncontested Seats in U.S. Senate Elections XIV,281

Squire, Peverill, Legislative Professionalization and Membership Diversity in State Legislatures XVII,69

Squire, Peverill, Membership Turnover and the Efficient Processing of Legislation XXIII, 23

Squire, Peverill, Results of Partisan Redistricting in Seven U.S. States During the 1970s X,259

Squire, Peverill, Uncontested Seats in State Legislative Elections XXV,131

Squire, Peverill, and Dena Levy, Television Markets and the Competitiveness of U. S. House Elections XXV,313

Squire, Peverill and Eric R.A.N. Smith, A Further Examination of Challenger Quality in Senate Elections XXI,235

Squire, Peverill, and John R. Wright, Fundraising by Nonincumbent Candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives XV,89

The Staff of the Parliamentary Assemblies in France, Stanley Campbell and Jean Laporte VI,521

Stability in Parliamentary Regimes: The Italian Case, Riccardo Pelizzo and Joseph Cooper XXVII,163

Standing Committees in Legislatures: Three Decades of Research, Heinz Eulau and Vera McCluggage IX,195

Standing Up for Congress: Variations in Public Esteem Since the 1960s, Samuel C. Patterson and Gregory A. Caldeira XV,25

Stanley, Jeanie R., and Diane D. Blair, Personal Relationships and Legislative Power: Male and Female Perceptions XVI,495

State Legislative Development: Observations from Three Perspectives, Alan Rosenthal XXI,169

State Legislative Election Outcomes: Contextual Effects and Legislative Performance Effects, Harvey J. Tucker and Ronald E. Weber XII,537

State Legislative Professionalism and Gubernatorial Effectiveness: 1978-1991, Robert Jay Dilger, George A. Krause, and Randolph R. Moffett XX,553

State Legislator Candidacies for the U.S. House: Prospects for Success, Bruce W. Robeck VII,507

State Legislators' Perceptions of Business and Labor Interests, Margery M. Ambrosius and Susan Welch XIII,199

State-Level Institutional Effects on Legislative Coalition Unity in Brazil, John M. Carey and Gina Yannitell Reinhardt XXIX,23

State-Level Presidential Approval and Senatorial Support, Jeffrey E. Cohen, Jon R. Bond, Richard Fleisher, and John A. Hamman  XXV,577

State Lobby Registration Data: The Anomalous Case of Florida (and Minnesota too!), Holly Brasher, David Lowery, and Virginia Gray XXIV,303

The State of U.S. State Legislative Research: A Comment, Karl T. Kurtz, M. Glenn Newkirk, William T. Pound, and Carl D. Tubbesing VI,27

The Statistical Analysis of Roll-Call Data: A Cautionary Tale, Jason Matthew Roberts XXXII,341

The Status of Research on Representative Institutions in Eastern Europe, William A. Welsh V,275

Steigerwalt, Amy, and Jeffrey Lazarus, Different Houses: The Distribution of Earmarks in the U.S. House and Senate XXXIV,347

Stein, Robert M., Martin Johnson, and Stephanie Shirley Post, Public Support for Term Limits: Another Look at Conventional Thinking XXVII,459

Stephens, Hugh W., and David W. Brady, The Parliamentary Parties and the Electoral Reforms of 1884-85 in Britain I,491

Stevens, Arthur G., Jr., Daniel P. Mulhollan, and Paul S. Rundquist, U.S. Congressional Structure and Representation: The Role of Informal Groups VI,415

Stewart, Charles III, Let's Go Fly a Kite: Correlates of Involvement in the House Bank Scandal XIX,521

Stewart, Charles III, A Sequential Model of U.S. Senate Elections XIV,567

Stewart,  Charles III, and Jeffery A. Jenkins, Out in the Open: The Emergence of Viva Voce Voting in House Speakership Elections XXVIII,481

Stewart, Charles III, and Mark Reynolds, Television Markets and U.S. Senate Elections XV,495

Stewart, Charles III, Stephen Ansolabehere, and James M. Snyder, Jr., The Effects of Party and Preferences on Congressional Roll-Call Voting XXVI,533

Stiglitz, Edward H., and Barry R. Weingast, Agenda Control in Congress: Evidence from Cutpoint Estimates and Ideal Point Uncertainty XXXV, 157

Stimson, James A., Richard W. Waterman, and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, Interpreting U.S. Congressional Elections: The Exposure Thesis XI,227

Stolarek, John S., Robert M. Rood, and Marcia Whicker Taylor, Measuring Constituency Opinion in the U.S. House: Mail versus Random Surveys VI,589

Stone, Walter J., Measuring Constituency-Representative Linkages: Problems and Prospects IV,623

Stone, Walter J., and L. Sandy Maisel, Determinants of Candidate Emergence in U.S. House Elections: An Exploratory Study XXII,79

Stone, Walter J., Cherie D. Maestas, and L. Sandy Maisel, National Party Efforts to Recruit State Legislators to Run for the U.S. House XXX,277

Stonecash, Jeffrey M., Campaign Finance in New York Senate Elections XV,247

Stonecash, Jeffrey M., Political Cleavage in U.S. State Legislative Houses  XXIV,281

Stonecash, Jeffrey M., Working at the Margins: Campaign Finance and Party Strategy in New York Assembly Elections XIII,477

Stonecash, Jeffrey M., and Chao-Chi Shan, Legislative Resources and Electoral Margins: New York State Senate, 1950-1990 XIX,79

Stonecash, Jeffrey M., Mark D. Brewer, and Mack D. Mariani, Northern Democrats and Party Polarization in the U.S. House XXVII,423

Strahan, Randall, Agenda Change and Committee Politics in the Postreform House XIII,177

Strahan, Randall, and Charles O. Jones, The Effect of Energy Politics on Congressional and Executive Organization in the 1970s X,151

Strate, John, Kelly LeRoux, Richard C. Elling, Lyke Thompson, Charles D. Elder, and Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson, Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits XXXV, 57

Strategic Considerations in the Decision to Challenge a State Legislative Incumbent, Anita Pritchard XVII,381

Strategic Constituency Manipulation in State Legislative Redistricting, Todd Makse XXXVII, 225

Strategic Contributing in Legislative Campaigns: The Case of Minnesota, Ruth S. Jones and Thomas J. Borris X,89

Strategic Decisions on Candidacy in U.S. Congressional Districts, William T. Bianco IX,351

Strategic Position Taking and Presidential Influence in Congress, Bryan W. Marshall and Brandon C. Prins XXXII, 257

Strategic Retirements: The Influence of Public Preferences on Voluntary Departures from Congress, Jennifer Wolak XXXII,285

Strategic Shifts: Safeguarding the Public Interest? U.S. Senators, 1971-86, Robert A. Bernstein XVI,263

Strategic Ticket Splitting and the Personal Vote in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems, Robert G. Moser and Ethan Scheiner XXX,259

The Strategic Use of Legislative Voting Procedures, Brian F. Crisp and Amanda Driscoll XXXVII, 67

The Strategic Use of Prisons in Partisan Gerrymandering, Jason P. Kelly XXXVII, 117

Strategic Vote Delay in the U.S. House of Representatives, Amihai Glazer, Robert Griffin, Bernard Grofman, and Martin Wattenberg XX,37

Strategic Voting in Multi-Office Elections, Michael Peress XXXIII, 619

A Strategy for Measuring the Performance of Legislatures in Processing Decisions, Ronald D. Hedlund and Patricia K. Freeman VI,87

The Strategy of the Story: Media Monitoring Legislative Activity, Brian J. Fogarty  XXXIII,445

Strom, Gerald S., and Barry S. Rundquist, Bill Construction in Legislative Committees: A Study of the U.S. House XII,97

Strøm, Kaare, Deferred Gratification and Minority Governments in Scandinavia XI,583

Strøm, Kaare, Institutions and Strategy in Parliamentary Democracy: A Review Article XXIII,127

The Structure of Opposition in the Swiss Parliament, Henry H. Kerr, Jr. III,51

Studlar, Donley T., Ian McAllister, and Alvaro Ascui, Electing Women to the British Commons: Breakout from the Beleaguered Beachhead? XIII,515

The Study of Cabinet Dissolutions in Parliamentary Democracies, John P. Frendreis, Dennis W. Gleiber, and Eric C. Browne XI,619

Studying the Canadian Parliament, Michael M. Atkinson and Paul G. Thomas XVIII,423

Studying the U.S. Senate: An Introduction to the Hendricks Symposium Papers, John R. Hibbing and John G. Peters XIV,163

'Stylized' Opposition in the U.S. House of Representatives: The Effects of Coalition Behavior, Barbara Hinckley II,5

Subcommittee Government in the U.S. House: An Analysis of Bill Management, Christopher J. Deering VII,533

Subnational Determinants of National Multipartism in Latin America, Erika Moreno XXVIII,179

Sulkin, Tracy, Matthew Hayes, and Matthew V. Hibbing, Redistricting, Responsiveness, and Issue Attention XXXV, 91

Sunset Legislation and the Legislative Process in Tennessee, William Lyons and Patricia K. Freeman IX,151

Superfluous or Mischievous: Evaluating the Determinants of Government Defeats in Second Chambers, David Fisk XXXVI, 231

Support for Parliaments and Regimes in the Transition Toward Democracy in Eastern Europe, William Mishler and Richard Rose XIX,5

Survey of Comparative Legislative Research, John G. Grumm II,481

Suspension of the Rules, the Order of Business, and the Development of Congressional Procedure, Stanley Bach XV,49

Swearingen, C. Douglas, and Walt Jatkowski III,  Is Timing Everything? Retirement and Seat Maintenance in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXVI, 309

Swenson, Peter, The Influence of Recruitment on the Structure of Power in the U.S. House, 1870-1940 VII,7

Swers, Michele, Are Women More Likely to Vote for Women’s Issue Bills Than Their Male Colleagues? XXIII,435

Swers, Michele, Building a Reputation on National Security: The Impact of Stereotypes Related to Gender and Military Experience XXXII,559

Swers, Michele L., Connecting Descriptive and Substantive Representation: An Analysis of Sex Differences in Cosponsorship Activity in the House of Representatives XXX,407

Swift, Elaine K., Reconstitutive Change in the U.S. Congress: The Early Senate, 1789-1841 XIV,175

The Swing Ratio: An Explanation and an Assessment, Richard G. Niemi and Patrick Fett XI,75

T
Tactical and Contextual Determinants of U.S. Senators' Approval Ratings, Brian F. Schaffner, Wendy J. Schiller, and Patrick J. Sellers XXVIII,203

Tadlock, Barry, Todd G. Shields, and Robert K. Goidel, The Net Impact of Media Exposure on Individual Voting Decisions in U.S. Senate and House Elections XX,415

Taggart, William A., and Robert F. Durant, Home Style of a U.S. Senator: A Longitudinal Analysis X,489

Talbert, Jeffery C., and  Gregory L. Hager, Look for the Party Label: Party Influences on Voting in the U.S. House XXV,75

Tate, Katherine, The Political Representation of Blacks in Congress: Does Race Matter? XXVI,623

Taylor, Andrew J., Domestic Agenda Setting, 1947–1994 XXIII,373

Taylor, Andrew J., Size, Power, and Electoral Systems: Exogenous Determinants of Legislative Procedural Choice XXXI,323

Taylor, Marcia Whicker, John S. Stolarek, and Robert M. Rood, Measuring Constituency Opinion in the U.S. House: Mail versus Random Surveys VI,589

Taylor, Richard W., and Manfred Von Nordheim, The Significance of Lobbyist-Legislator Interactions in German State Parliaments I,511

Television and the Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Elections, Stephen Ansolabehere, Eric Snowberg, and James M. Snyder, Jr. XXXI, 469

Television Markets and Congressional Elections, James E. Campbell, John R. Alford, and Keith Henry IX,665

Television Markets and the Competitiveness of U. S. House Elections, Dena Levy and Peverill Squire XXV,313

Television Markets and U.S. Senate Elections, Charles Stewart III and Mark Reynolds XV,495

Term Limits and Pork, Michael C. Herron and Kenneth W. Shotts XXXI,383

Term Limits, Campaign Contributions, and the Distribution of Power in State Legislatures, D.E. Apollonio and Raymond J. La Raja XXXI, 259

Terry, William C., and Gary W. Cox, Legislative Productivity in the 93d–105th Congresses XXXIII, 603

Testing a Legislative Strategy: The Congressional Black Caucus' Action-Alert Communications Network, Charles E. Jones XII,521

Testing Spatial Models of Elections: The Influence of Voters and Elites on Candidate Issue Positions, John Frendreis, Alan R. Gitelson, Shannon Jenkins, and Douglas D. Roscoe XXVIII,77

Thames , Frank C., Searching for the Electoral Connection: Parliamentary Party Switching in the Ukrainian Rada, 1998-2002 XXII,223

Theodos, Brett A., and Michael C. Herron, Government Redistribution in the Shadow of Legislative Elections: A Study of the Illinois Member Initiative Grants Program XXIX,287

Theriault, Sean M., Moving Up or Moving Out: Career Ceilings and Congressional Retirement XXIII,419

Theriault, Sean M., and Jennifer L. Lawless, Will She Stay or Will She Go? Career Ceilings and Women's Retirement from the U.S. Congress XXX,581

Thielemann, Gregory S., and Donald R. Dixon, Explaining Contributions: Rational Contributors and the Elections for the 71st Texas House XIX,495

Thies, Michael F., When Will Pork Leave the Farm? Institutional Bias in Japan and the United States XXIII,467

Thies, Michael F., James N. Druckman, and Lanny W. Martin, Influence Without Confidence: Upper Chambers and Government Formation XXX,529

Thies, Michael F., and Mathew D. McCubbins, As a Matter of Factions: The Budgetary Implications of Shifting Factional Control in Japan’s LDP XXII,293

Thinking Globally or Acting Locally? Determinants of the GATT Vote in Congress, Erik Gartzke and J. Mark Wrighton XXIII,33

Third Parties, Elections, and Roll-Call Votes: The Populist Party and the Late Nineteenth-Century U.S. Congress, Shigeo Hirano XXXIII,131

Thomas, Paul G., and Michael M. Atkinson, Studying the Canadian Parliament XVIII,423

Thomas, Paul G., The Influence of Standing Committees of Parliament on Government Legislation III,683

Thomassen, Jacques J.A., and Rudy B. Andeweg, Modes of Political Representation: Toward a New Typology XXX,507

Thompson, Joel A., and Gary F. Moncrief, Pursuing the Pork in a State Legislature: A Research Note XIII,393

Thompson, Joel A., and William Cassie, Party and PAC Contributions to North Carolina Legislative Candidates XVII,409

Thompson, Joel A., Bringing Home the Bacon: The Politics of Pork Barrel in the North Carolina Legislature XI,91

Thompson, Joel A., Karl T. Kurtz, and Gary F. Moncrief, The Old Statehouse, It Ain’t What It Used to Be XXI,57

Thompson, Joel A., Michael Haddon, Robert Hoyer, and Gary F. Moncrief, For Whom the Bell Tolls: Term Limits and State Legislatures XVII,37

Thompson, Joel A., William Cassie, and Gary Moncrief, Revisiting the State of U.S. State Legislative Research XXI,301

Thompson, Lyke, Charles D. Elder, Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson, John Strate, Kelly LeRoux, and Richard C. Elling, Legislators and Administrators: Complex Relationships Complicated by Term Limits XXXV, 57

Thompson, Margaret Susan, and Joel H. Silbey, Research on 19th Century Legislatures: Present Contours and Future Directions IX,319

Thompson, Robert, Keith E. Hamm, and Robert Harmel, Ethnic and Partisan Minorities in Two Southern State Legislatures VIII,177

302(b) or Not 302(b): Congressional Floor Procedures and House Appropriators, Richard G. Forgette and James V. Saturno XIX,385

Thurber, James A., The Impact of Party Recruitment Activity Upon Legislative Role Orientations: A Path Analysis I,533

Tidmarch, Charles M., and Thomas M. Holbrook, Sophomore Surge in State Legislative Elections, 1968-86 XVI,49

Tidmarch, Charles M., Edward Lonergan, and John Sciortino, Interparty Competition in the U.S. States: Legislative Elections, 1970-1978 XI,353

Time, Term Limits, and Turnover: Trends in Membership Stability in U.S. State Legislatures, Gary F. Moncrief, Richard G. Niemi, and Lynda W. Powell XXIX,357

The Timing of Cabinet Reshuffles in Five Westminster Parliamentary Systems, Christopher Kam and Indriði Indriðason XXX,327

The Timing of Strategic Decisions: Candidacy Decisions in 1982 and 1984, Clyde Wilcox XII,565

To Simulate or NOMINATE?, Joshua D. Clinton and Simon Jackman XXXIV, 593

Transformational Leader or Faithful Agent? Principal-Agent Theory and House Majority Party Leadership, Barbara Sinclair XXIV,421

Transitional Governance in the United States: Lessons from the First Federal Congress, Rick K. Wilson XXIV,543

Traugott, Michael W., and Edie N. Goldenberg, Editors' Introduction: Mass Media in Legislative Campaigns XII,313

Traugott, Michael W., and Edie N. Goldenberg, Mass Media and Legislative Contests: Opportunities for Comparative Study XII,445

Traugott, Michael W., and Edie N. Goldenberg, Mass Media in U.S. Congressional Elections XII,317

Traugott, Michael W., and Edie N. Goldenberg, Normal Vote Analysis of U.S. Congressional Elections VI,247

Treier, Shawn, and Jeremy C. Pope, Mapping Dimensions of Conflict at the Federal Convention of 1787 XXXVII, 145

Trends in Research on U.S. State Legislatures: A Review Article, Malcolm E. Jewell XXII,265

Trounstine, Jessica, Evidence of a Local Incumbency Advantage XXXVI, 255

Tubbesing, Carl D., Karl T. Kurtz, M Glenn Newkirk, and William T. Pound, The State of U.S. State Legislative Research: A Comment VI,27

Tuckel, Peter, Length of Incumbency and the Reelection Chances of U.S. Senators VIII,283

Tucker, Harvey J., and L. Harmon Zeigler, Responsiveness in Public School Districts: A Comparative Analysis of Boards of Education III,213

Tucker, Harvey J., and Ronald E. Weber, State Legislative Election Outcomes: Contextual Effects and Legislative Performance Effects XII,537

Tucker, Harvey J., Paul Brace, and Ronald E. Weber, Vanishing Marginals in State Legislative Elections XVI,29

Turan, Ilter, Changing Horses in Midstream: Party Changers in the Turkish National Assembly X,21

Two Plus Two Plus Two Equals Six: Tenure in Office of Senators and Representatives, 1953-1983, Bernard Grofman and Amihai Glazer XII,555

U

Ueda, Michiko, and David M. Konisky, The Effects of Uncontested Elections on Legislator Performance XXXVI, 199

Ueda, Michiko, and James M. Snyder, Jr., Do Multimember Districts Lead to Free-Riding? XXXII,649

Unanimous Consent Agreements as Leadership Tools, Scott Ainsworth and Marcus Flathman XX,177

Uncertainty and the Prevalence of Committee Outliers, Jesse Richman XXXIII,323

Uncontested Seats in State Legislative Elections, Peverill Squire XXV,131

Uncovering the Dimensionality of Gender Voting in Congress, Noelle H. Norton XXIV,65

Understanding Legislative Leadership Beyond the Chamber: The Members' Perspective, Thomas H. Little XX,269

Unekis, Joseph K., and Leroy N. Rieselbach, Congressional Committee Leadership, 1971-1978 VIII,251

Unintended Consequences: How the Anticipation of General Election Outcomes Affects Primary Election Divisiveness, Jeffrey Lazarus XXX,435

Universalism, Program Development, and the Distribution of Federal Assistance, John A. Hamman XVIII,553

The U.S. Congress and the CIA: Monitoring the Dark Side of Government, Loch Johnson V,477

The U.S. Congress and the Institutional Design of Agencies, Jason A. MacDonald XXXII,395

U.S. Congressional Structure and Representation: The Role of Informal Groups, Arthur G. Stevens, Jr., Daniel P. Mulhollan, and Paul S. Rundquist VI,415

U.S. Congressman as Enterprise, Robert H. Salisbury and Kenneth A. Shepsle VI,559

U.S. Congressmen and Their Diverse Congressional District Parties, David M. Olson III,239

U.S. State Legislative Committee Decisions: Similar Results in Different Settings, Keith E. Hamm V,31

U.S. State Legislative Committees: Structure, Procedural Efficiency, and Party Control, Wayne L. Francis and James W. Riddlesperger VII,453

U.S. State Legislators' Opinions and Perceptions of Constituency Attitudes, Eric M. Uslaner and Ronald E. Weber IV,563

Using Cosponsorship to Estimate Ideal Points, Scott W. Desposato, Matthew C. Kearney, and Brian F. Crisp XXXVI, 531

Using Term Limits to Estimate Incumbency Advantages When Officeholders Retire Strategically, Stephen Ansolabehere and James M. Snyder, Jr. XXIX,487

Uslaner, Eric M, Let the Chits Fall Where They May? Executive and Constituency Influences on Congressional Voting on NAFTA XXIII,347

Uslaner, Eric M., and Ronald E. Weber, Partisan Cues and Decision Loci in U.S. State Legislatures II,423

Uslaner, Eric M., and Ronald E. Weber, U.S. State Legislators' Opinions and Perceptions of Constituency Attitudes IV,563

Uslaner, Eric M., Casework and Institutional Design: Redeeming Promises in the Promised Land X,35

The USSR Supreme Soviet: A Developmental Perspective, Stephen White V,247

The Utility of State Legislative Casework as a Means of Oversight, Richard C. Elling IV,353

V
The Validity and Electoral Impact of Media Estimations of "Best" or "Worst" State Legislators,
Norman R. Luttbeg XVII,395

The Value of Majority Status: The Effect of Jeffords's Switch on Asset Prices of Republican and Democratic Firms, Chris Den Hartog and Nathan W. Monroe XXXIII,63

Vander Wielen, Ryan J., The Influence of Conference Committees on Policy Outcomes XXXV,487

Vander Wielen, Ryan J., René Lindstädt, and Jonathan B. Slapin, Balancing Competing Demands: Position Taking and Election Proximity in the European Parliament XXXVI, 37

Vanderleeuw, James M., and Steven A. Shull, What Do Key Votes Measure? XII,573

VanDoren, Peter M., Can We Learn the Causes of Congressional Decisions from Roll-Call Data? XV,311

Van Dunk, Emily, and Ronald E. Weber, Constituency-Level Competition in the U.S. States 1968–1988: A Pooled Analysis XXII,141

van Roozendaal, Peter, The Effect of Dominant and Central Parties on Cabinet Composition and Durability XVII,5

van Schendelen, M.P.C.M., Information and Decision Making in the Dutch Parliament I,231

Vanishing Marginals in State Legislative Elections, Ronald E. Weber, Harvey J. Tucker, and Paul Brace XVI,29

Vega, Arturo, and Juanita M. Firestone, The Effects of Gender on Congressional Behavior and the Substantive Representation of Women XX,213

The View from the Hill: Legislative Perceptions of the District, Kristina C. Miler XXXII, 597

Views of American State Legislators on Public Funding of Legislative Elections, James M. Penning and Corwin E. Smidt VIII,97

Volden, Craig, and Elizabeth Bergman, How Strong Should Our Party Be? Party Member Preferences Over Party Cohesion, XXXI, 71

Voluntary Retirement from the U.S. House: The Costs of Congressional Service, John R. Hibbing VII,57

Vote Switchers and Party Influence in the U.S. House, Garry Young and Vicky Wilkins XXXII,59

von Nordheim, Manfred, and Richard W. Taylor, The Significance of Lobbyist-Legislator Interactions in German State Parliaments I,511

Voter Contact Techniques in State Legislative Campaigns: The Prevalence of Mass Media Advertising, Robert E. Hogan XXII,551

Voting Behavior in Legislatures, Melissa P. Collie IX,3

W
Wahlke, John C., Representation in France: Legislative Behavior, 1967-1968 XII,215

Walsh, Michael H., David B. Holian, and Timothy B. Krebs, Constituency Opinion, Ross Perot, and Roll-Call Behavior in the U.S. House: The Case of the NAFTA XXII,369

Wanless, Emily, James L. Carson, Michael H. Crespin, and Carrie P. Eaves, Constituency Congruency and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections XXXVI, 461

War on the Floor: Partisan Theory and Agenda Control in the U.S. House of Representatives, Charles J. Finocchiaro and David W. Rohde XXXIII,35

Ward, Daniel S., The Continuing Search for Party Influence in Congress: A View from the Committees XVIII,211

Warwick, Paul V., Policy Distance and Parliamentary Government XXIII,319

Washington Behavior and Home-State Reputation: The Impact of National Prominence on Senators' Images, Barbara Sinclair XV,475

Washington on 75 Dollars a Day: Members of Congress Voting on Their Own Tax Break, John R. Hibbing VIII,219

Waterman, Richard W., Bruce I. Oppenheimer, and James A. Stimson, Interpreting U.S. Congressional Elections: The Exposure Thesis XI,227

Waterman, Richard W., Comparing Senate and House Electoral Outcomes: The Exposure Thesis XV,99

Wattenberg, Martin, and Craig Leonard Brians, Partisan Turnout Bias in Midterm Legislative Elections XXVII,407

Wattenberg, Martin, Amihai Glazer, Robert Griffin, and Bernard Grofman, Strategic Vote Delay in the U.S. House of Representatives XX,37

Wawro, Gregory J., Peculiar Institutions: Slavery, Sectionalism, and Minority Obstruction in the Antebellum Senate XXX,163

The Web of Authority: Party Loyalty and Social Control in the British House of Commons, Edward Crowe XI,161

Weber, Ronald E., and Wayne L. Francis, Legislative Issues in the 50 States: Managing Complexity Through Classification V,407

Weber, Ronald E., and Emily Van Dunk, Constituency-Level Competition in the U.S. States 1968–1988: A Pooled Analysis XXII,141

Weber, Ronald E., and Harvey J. Tucker, State Legislative Election Outcomes: Contextual Effects and Legislative Performance Effects XII,537

Weber, Ronald E., and Eric M. Uslaner, Partisan Cues and Decision Loci in U.S. State Legislatures II,423

Weber, Ronald E., and Eric M. Uslaner, U.S. State Legislators' Opinions and Perceptions of Constituency Attitudes IV,563

Weber, Ronald E., Harvey J. Tucker, and Paul Brace, Vanishing Marginals in State Legislative Elections XVI,29

Weighted Voting in New York, Bernard Grofman and Howard Scarrow VI,287

Weingast, Barry R., and Kenneth A. Shepsle, Editors' Introduction: Formal Models of Legislatures XIX,145

Weingast, Barry R., and Kenneth A. Shepsle, Positive Theories of Congressional Institutions XIX,149

Weingast, Barry R., and Edward H. Stiglitz, Agenda Control in Congress: Evidence from Cutpoint Estimates and Ideal Point Uncertainty XXXV, 157

Weissberg, Robert, Assessing Legislator-Constituency Policy Agreement IV,605

Weissert, Carol S., Issue Salience and State Legislative Effectiveness XVI,509

Weissert, Carol S., and Susan Silberman, Legislative Demands for Bureaucratic Policymaking: The Case of State Medical Boards XXVII,123

Welch, Susan, Are Women More Liberal Than Men in the U.S. Congress? X,125

Welch, Susan, and Margery M. Ambrosius, State Legislators' Perceptions of Business and Labor Interests XIII,199

Welch, Susan, and John G. Peters, Attitudes of U.S. State Legislators Toward Political Corruption: Some Preliminary Findings II,445

Welch, Susan, and John G. Peters, Private Interests in the U.S. Congress: A Research Note VII,547

Welsh, William A., The Status of Research on Representative Institutions in Eastern Europe V,275

Werneck, Heitor, Marcus André Melo, and Carlos Pereira, Delegation Dilemmas: Coalition Size, Electoral Risk, and Regulatory Governance in New Democracies XXXV, 31

What Do Key Votes Measure? Steven A. Shull and James M. Vanderleeuw XII,573

What Happens When House Members 'Run with Congress'? Consequences of Institutional Loyalty, Daniel Lipinski, William T. Bianco, and Ryan Work XXVIII,413

What is So Special About Special Elections? Ronald Keith Gaddie, Charles S. Bullock III, and Scott E. Buchanan XXIV,103

What Roll Calls Should We Exclude from Conservative Coalition Calculations? Thomas H. Hammond and Jane M. Fraser VII,423

What Was It Worth to Be on a Committee in the U.S. House, 1889 to 1913? Rick K. Wilson XI,47

When Experience Fails: The Experience Factor in Congressional Runoffs, Charles S. Bullock III, Ronald Keith Gaddie, and Anders Ferrington, XXVI,31

When Tokens Matter, Jocelyn Elise Crowley XXIX,109

When Will Pork Leave the Farm? Institutional Bias in Japan and the United States, Michael F. Thies XXIII,467

Where the Votes Come From: Group Components of the 1988 Senate Vote, Henry C. Kenski and Lee Sigelman XVIII,367

Whistle While You Work: Job Satisfaction and Retirement from the U.S. House, Samuel H. Fisher III and Rebekah Herrick XXVII,445

Whitby, Kenny J., Effects of the Interaction Between Race and Urbanization on Votes of Southern Congressmen X,505

White, Stephen, The USSR Supreme Soviet: A Developmental Perspective V,247

Whiteman, David, and Paul Sabatier, Legislative Decision Making and Substantive Policy Information: Models of Information Flow X,395

Who Blinks First? Legislative Patience and Bargaining with Governors, Thad Kousser and Justin H. Phillips XXXIV,55

Who Controls? Information and the Structure of Legislative Decision Making, Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins XIX,361

Who Makes Our Laws? The Legislative Effectiveness of Members of the U.S. Congress, Stephen E. Frantzich IV,409

Who Were the Rebels? Dissent in the House of Commons, 1970-1974, Mark Franklin, Alison Baxter, and Margaret Jordan XI,143

Who Wins? Party Effects in Legislative Voting, Eric D. Lawrence, Forrest Maltzman, and Steven S. Smith,  XXXI, 33

Why Do Americans Love Their Congressmen So Much More Than Their Congress? Glenn R. Parker and Roger H. Davidson IV,53

Why Do U.S. State Legislators Vacate Their Seats? Wayne L. Francis and John R. Baker XI,119

Why Gain in the Senate But Midterm Loss in the House? Evidence from a Natural Experiment, Bernard Grofman, Thomas L. Brunell, and William Koetzle XXIII,79

Why Information? Choosing Committee Informativeness in U.S. State Legislatures, James Coleman Battista XXXIV,375

Why Legislatures Persist in Developing Countries: The Case of Turkey, Ersin Kalaycioglu V,123

Wiggins, Charles W., and E. Lee Bernick, Legislative Norms in Eleven States VIII,191

Wilcox, Clyde, The Timing of Strategic Decisions: Candidacy Decisions in 1982 and 1984 XII,565

Wilcox, Clyde, and Aage R. Clausen, The Dimensionality of Roll-Call Voting Reconsidered XVI,393

Wilcox, Clyde, and Aage R. Clausen, Policy Partisanship in Legislative Leadership Recruitment and Behavior XII,243

Wilcox, Clyde, and Bob Biersack, Research Update: The Timing of Candidacy Decisions in the U.S. House, 1982-1988 XV,115

Wilcox, Clyde, Robert Biersack, and Paul S. Herrnson, Seeds for Success: Early Money in Congressional Elections XVIII,535

Wildgen, John K., and Richard L. Engstrom, Pruning Thorns from the Thicket: An Empirical Test of the Existence of Racial Gerrymandering II,465

Wildgen, John K., and Richard L. Engstrom, Spatial Distribution of Partisan Support and the Seats/Votes Relationship V,423

Wilkerson, John D., Reelection and Representation in Conflict: The Case of Agenda Manipulation XV,263

Wilkerson, John D., and E. Scott Adler, Intended Consequences: Jurisdictional Reform and Issue Control in the U.S. House of Representatives XXXIII,85

Wilkins, Arjun S., Electoral Security of Members of the U.S. House, 1900–2006 XXXVII, 277

Wilkins, Vicky M., and Garry Young, The Influence of Governors on Veto Override Attempts: A Test of Pivotal Politics XXVII,557

Wilkins, Vicky, and Garry Young, Vote Switchers and Party Influence in the U.S. House XXXII,59

Will She Stay or Will She Go? Career Ceilings and Women's Retirement from the U.S. Congress, Jennifer L. Lawless and Sean M. Theriault XXX,581

Wilhelm, Teena, The Policymaking Role of State Supreme Courts in Education Policy XXXII,309

Williams, Robert, Geoffrey Hawker, John Halligan, and Robert Krause, Constituency Service Among Sub-National Legislators in Australia and Canada XIII,49

Wilson, Frank L., and Richard Wiste, Party Cohesion in the French National Assembly: 1958-1973 I,467

Wilson, J. Matthew, and Paul Gronke, Concordance and Projection in Citizen Perceptions of Congressional Roll-Call Behavior, XXV,445

Wilson, Rick K., Transitional Governance in the United States: Lessons from the First Federal Congress XXIV,543

Wilson, Rick K., What Was It Worth to Be on a Committee in the U.S. House, 1889 to 1913? XI,47

Wilson, Rick K., and Patricia A. Hurley, Partisan Voting Patterns in the U.S. Senate, 1877-1986 XIV,225

Wilson, Rick K., and Calvin Jillson, Leadership Patterns in the Continental Congress: 1774-1789 XIV,5

Wilson, Rick K., and Calvin Jillson, A Social Choice Model of Politics: Insights into the Demise of the U.S. Continental Congress XII,5

Wilson, Rick K., and Cheryl D. Young, Cosponsorship in the U.S. Congress XXII,25

Wilson, Walter, Latino Representation on Congressional Websites XXXIV, 427

Wing, Martin, and Mark Hagger, Legislative Roles and Clientele Orientations in the European Parliament IV,165

Winsky, Laura R., and Richard G. Niemi, Membership Turnover in U.S. State Legislatures: Trends and Effects of Districting XII,115

Winsky, Laura R., Richard G. Niemi, and Simon Jackman, Candidacies and Competitiveness in Multimember Districts XVI,91

Wirls, Daniel, The "Golden Age" Senate and Floor Debate in the Antebellum Congress XXXII,193

Wirth, Rex, Martine DeRidder, and Robert L. Peterson, Images of Belgian Politics: The Effects of Cleavages on the Political System III,83

Wiseman, Alan E., and Keith Krehbiel, Joe Cannon and the Minority Party: Tyranny or Bipartisanship? XXX,479

Wiseman, Alan, and Keith Krehbiel, Joseph G. Cannon: Majoritarian from Illinois XXVI,357

Wissel, Peter, Robert O'Connor, and Michael King, The Hunting of the Legislative Snark: Information Searches and Reforms in U.S. State Legislatures I,251

Wiste, Richard, and Frank L. Wilson, Party Cohesion in the French National Assembly: 1958-1973 I,467

Wlezien, Christopher, The Political Economy of Supplemental Appropriations XVIII,51

Wolak, Jennifer, Strategic Retirements: The Influence of Public Preferences on Voluntary Departures from Congress XXXII,285

Wolak, Jennifer, Adam J. Newmark, Todd McNoldy, David Lowery, and Virginia Gray, Much of Politics Is Still Local: Multi-State Lobbying in State Interest Communities XXVII,527

Wolbrecht, Christina, John D. Griffin, and Brian Newman, A Gender Gap in Policy Representation in the U.S. Congress XXXVII, 35

Wolfinger, Raymond E., and Gary C. Jacobson, Information and Voting in California Senate Elections XIV,509

Wolfram, Catherine D. and Steven D. Levitt, Decomposing the Sources of Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. House XXII,45

Wolfsfeld, Gadi, and Tamir Sheafer, Production Assets, New Opportunities, and Publicity of Legislators: A Study of Israeli Knesset Members XXIX,611

Wolman, Dianne Miller, and Harold L. Wolman, The Role of the U.S. Senate Staff in the Opinion Linkage Process: Population Policy II,281

Wolman, Harold L., and Dianne Miller Wolman, The Role of the U.S. Senate Staff in the Opinion Linkage Process: Population Policy II,281

Wolpert, Robin M., and James G. Gimpel, Information, Recall, and Accountability: The Electorate’s Response to the Clarence Thomas Nomination XXII,535

Women Candidates in Open-Seat Primaries for the U.S. House: 1968-1990, Barbara Burrell XVII,493

Women's Representation in National Legislatures: Developed and Developing Countries, Richard E. Matland XXIII,109

Wood, David M., Comparing Parliamentary Voting on European Issues in France and Britain VII,101

Wood, David M., and Jack T. Pitzer, Parties, Coalitions, and Cleavages: A Comparison of Two Legislatures in Two French Republics IV,197

Wood, David M., and Garry Young, Comparing Constituency Activity by Junior Legislators in Great Britain and Ireland XXII,217

Wood, John M., and Kenneth R. Mayer, The Impact of Public Financing on Electoral Competitiveness: Evidence from Wisconsin, 1964-1990 XX,69

Woods, Neal D., and Michael Baranowski, Legislative Professionalism and Influence on State Agencies: The Effects of Resources and Careerism XXXI,585

Woon, Jonathan, Issue Attention and Legislative Proposals in the U.S. Senate XXXIV,29

Work, Ryan, Daniel Lipinski, and William T. Bianco, What Happens When House Members 'Run with Congress'? Consequences of Institutional Loyalty XXVIII,413

Working at the Margins: Campaign Finance and Party Strategy in New York Assembly Elections, Jeffrey M. Stonecash XIII,477

Wright, Fiona M., The Caucus Reelection Requirement and the Transformation of House Committee Chairs, 1959-95, XXV,469

Wright, Gerald C., Jr., Candidates' Policy Positions and Voting in U.S. Congressional Elections III,445

Wright, Gerald C., Misreports of Vote Choice in the 1988 NES Senate Election Study XV,543

Wright, Gerald C., Policy Voting in the U.S. Senate: Who is Represented? XIV,465

Wright, Gerald C., Reported versus Actual Vote: There is a Difference and It Matters XVII,131

Wright, John R., Interest Groups, Congressional Reform, and Party Government in the United States XXV,217

Wright, John R., and Peverill Squire, Fundraising by Nonincumbent Candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives XV,89

Wrighton, J. Mark, and Erik Gartzke, Thinking Globally or Acting Locally? Determinants of the GATT Vote in Congress XXIII,33

X

Y

Yamane, David, and Elizabeth A. Oldmixon, Religion in the Legislative Arena: Affiliation, Salience, Advocacy, and Public Policymaking.XXXI,433

Yoon, Mi Yung, Explaining Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa XXIX,447

Yoshinaka, Antoine, House Party Switchers and Committee Assignments: Who Gets "What, When, How?" XXX,391

Yoshinaka, Antoine, and Christian R. Grose, The Electoral Consequences of Party Switching by Incumbent Members of Congress, 1947-2000 XXVIII,55

Yoshinaka, Antoine, Gail McElroy, and Shaun Bowler, The Appointment of Rapporteurs in the European Parliament XXXV,457

Young, Cheryl D., and Joseph Cooper, Bill Introduction in the Nineteenth Century: A Study of Institutional Change XIV,67

Young, Cheryl D., and Rick K. Wilson, Cosponsorship in the U.S. Congress XXII,25

Young, Garry, and Vicky M. Wilkins, The Influence of Governors on Veto Override Attempts: A Test of Pivotal Politics XXVII,557

Young, Garry, and Vicky Wilkins, Vote Switchers and Party Influence in the U.S. House XXXII,59

Young, Garry, and David M. Wood, Comparing Constituency Activity by Junior Legislators in Great Britain and Ireland XXII,217

Young, H.P., Measuring the Compactness of Legislative Districts XIII,105

Ysmal, Colette, Roland Cayrol, and Jean-Luc Parodi, French Deputies and the Political System I,67

Z
Zeckhauser, Richard J., and David C. King, Congressional Vote Option XXVIII,387

Zeigler, L. Harmon, and Harvey J. Tucker, Responsiveness in Public School Districts: A Comparative Analysis of Boards of Education III,213

Zigerell, LJ, Senator Opposition to Supreme Court Nominations: Reference Dependence on the Departing Justice XXXV, 393

Zingale, Nancy H., Erik W. Austin, Jerome M. Clubb, William H. Flanigan, and Peter Granda, Electoral Participation in the United States, 1968-86 XVI,145

Zorn, Christopher, and Virginia A. Hettinger, Explaining the Incidence and Timing of Congressional Responses to the U.S. Supreme Court XXX,5

Zucco Jr., Cesar, and Benjamin E. Lauderdale, Distinguishing Between Influences on Brazilian Legislative Behavior XXXVI, 363

Zwier, Robert, The Search for Information: Specialists and Nonspecialists in the U.S. House of Representatives IV,31


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