WILLIAM T. BIANCO
Party Campaign Committees and the
Distribution of Tally Program Funds
Legislative Studies Quarterly XXIV:451-69
This paper uses data supplied by the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee to examine the relationship between candidate tallying and party allocations in the 1992 and 1994 elections and, in doing so, to provide a new test of hypotheses concerning the role and powers of the party-in-government in the post-war Congress. The focus is on two hypotheses: a recycling hypothesis (allocations were driven by candidate tallies), and an electioneering hypothesis (allocations were driven by the goal of winning elections). Analysis of the data provides no support for the recycling hypothesis. Rather, consistent with the electioneering hypotheses, DSCC allocations are strongly influenced by political variables, such as the closeness of a race, a candidates success at fundraising, state population, and the cost of campaigning. These findings confirm a strong redistributive role for the contemporary party-in-government in the electoral process.
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