GARY W. COX
On the Effects of Legislative Rules
Legislative Studies Quarterly XXV:169-92
In this essay, I consider how a legislature’s rules of procedure can affect both the process and the outcome of legislation. I begin by asking whether or not rules of procedure should have any effects at all, given that they can often be changed by simple majorities of legislators. The second part of the essay classifies the effects that rules have. Rules can change the set of bills that plenary sessions of the legislature consider; they can change the menu of amendments to any given bill considered in the plenary; they can affect how members vote; and—putting the first three effects together—they can affect which bills pass. I review evidence that rules do in fact have the suspected effects.
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