Political Cleavage in U.S. State Legislative Houses
Legislative Studies Quarterly XXIV:281-302

Does the income of state legislative districts affect the election of Republicans and Democrats? If such a relationship exists, is it uniform across states, or do states retain some uniqueness in their party cleavages? This paper assesses the relationship of district income to partisan outcomes across states, using district data from The Almanac of State Legislatures and a file of winners of legislative elections compiled by the National Conference of State Legislatures. The results indicate that the association between district income and partisan outcomes varies significantly across the states. The varying partisan cleavages across the states are not just a product of state conditions such as the diversity within states. States have unique patterns of partisan cleavages that we need to explain and incorporate into analyses.

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