Title: Prehistoric Locational Behavior: A Computer Simulation
Author: Larry J. Zimmerman
Publisher: Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa
Publication Date: 1977
Zimmerman introduces the techniques of computer simulation to the consideration
of how prehistoric villagers made locational decisions and what impact
these decisions had on settlement patterns. Using the Glenwood locality
of the Nebraska culture of southwestern Iowa as an example, the author
discusses modeling goals, analysis, synthesis, verification, and validation
procedures used in deriving inferences concerning the prehistoric settlement
pattern of the Glenwood locality ca. A.D. 900-1300. Zimmerman's work
represents one of the pioneer efforts in the application of computer
simulation studies in archaeology. Conclusions derived bear on the length
of occupation, importance of climatic change, population size, and settlement
density. The author concludes with a discussion of the strengths and
weaknesses of the approach.
"Although Zimmerman deals with the specific problem of the determinants
of site location in one area of the Great Plains, the model has broader
applicability to the integration of cultural prescriptions and locational
behaviors that are manifest in settlement patterns. . . . The study
offers an intriguing exercise in the investigation of settlement systems."
T. Douglas Price, Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society
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